Complete JLPT Grammar List

Let’s Learn Japanese Grammar!

This is our complete JLPT grammar list for all of our Japanese grammar lessons.

Each lesson is ranked according to appropriate JLPT grammar level and includes meaning/translation notes, grammar structure, conjugations, example sentences, and interactive aids.

How much of this JLPT grammar list do you know already?

If there’s any lessons you want me to add, let me know in the comments!

complete jlpt grammar list - learn japanese

Japanese grammar list for all JLPT levels

# English Japanese Grammar Meaning Level
1 [x] ga [x] nara, [y] mo [y] da like [father] like [son] (negative meaning) N1
2 ato de after ~; later N5
3 atte no which owes everything to N1
4 ba if… then (conditional) N4
5 bakari only; nothing but N3
6 bakari da continue to N2
7 bakari de only; just (negative description) N3
8 bakari denaku not only.. but also; as well as N3
9 bakari iru only; nothing but; describe repetitive action N3
10 bakari ka not only.. but also; as well as. N3
11 bakari ni simply because, on account of (=>negative result) N2
12 beki should do; must do N3
13 beki dewa nai should not do; must not do N3
14 cha ikenai / ja ikenai must not do (spoken Japanese) N5
15 da / desu to be (am, is, are, were, used to) N5
16 dake only; just; as much as N5
17 dake de just by; just by doing N4
18 dano~dano and; and the like; and so forth N1
19 darake full of; covered with N3
20 darou I think; it seems; probably; right? N5
21 de in; at; on; by; with; via N5
22 de are/de arou to whoever / whatever / however N1
23 de are~de are whether [A] or [B] N1
24 demo but; however N5
25 deshou I think; it seems; probably; right? N5
26 dewa nai ka right?; isn't it? N4
27 donna ni~uga/uto(mo) Now matter how/what; even if N1
28 dou yara it seems like; it appears that N2
29 doushite why; for what reason; how N5
30 furi o suru to pretend; to act as if N3
31 ga subject marker; however; but N5
32 ga arimasu there is; is (non-living things) N5
33 ga hayai ka as soon as N1
34 ga hoshii to want something N5
35 ga imasu there is; to be; is (living things) N5
36 gachi tend to; tendency to N2
37 gari personality; tend to~; sensitivity towards~ N4
38 garu; gatteiru to show signs of; to appear; to feel, to think N4
39 gatai very difficult to; impossible to N3
40 gatera on the same occasion; at the same time; coincidentally N1
41 ge seeming; giving the appearance of N2
42 gimi -like; -looking; -looked; tending to N2
43 gurumi together (with); -wide N1
44 hajimeru to start; to begin to ~ N4
45 hazu da it must be; it should be (expectation) N4
46 hazu ga nai cannot be (impossible) N4
47 hitsuyou ga aru need to; it is necessary to N4
48 hodo degree; extent; bounds; upper limit N3
49 hou ga ii had better; it'd be better to; should~ N5
50 ichiban the most; the best N5
51 issho ni together N5
52 itsumo always; usually; habitually N5
53 janai / dewa nai to not be (am not; is not; are not) N5
54 janai ka right?; isn't it? N4
55 ka - question particle question particle N5
56 ka shira I wonder N4
57 ka~ka or N5
58 kagiri da to feel strongly N1
59 kamo shirenai might; perhaps; indicates possibility N4
60 kana I wonder; should I? N4
61 kara because; since; from N5
62 kara aru / kara suru / kara no at least; approximately X or more N1
63 kata the way of doing something; how to do N5
64 katagata while; at the same time; for the purpose of N1
65 katawara while; at the same time; in addition N1
66 kawari ni Instead of; in exchange for; in return N3
67 kedo but; however; although N5
68 keredo mo but; however; although N5
69 kiri Only; just N3
70 kke ~?; recalling information; asking for confirmation N3
71 koso are although; even though N1
72 koso ga/keredo but; although (emphasis) N1
73 koso sure part [B] of sentence is definitely not (strong emphasis) N1
74 koto da should; should not N3
75 koto dakara because; since N2
76 koto ga aru there are times when N4
77 koto ga dekiru can; able to N4
78 koto ka emphasis; a lot N3
79 koto nashi ni without doing; unless N1
80 koto ni naru It has been decided that..; it turns out that.. N3
81 koto ni suru to decide on N3
82 koto no nai you ni so as not to; to not N1
83 koto wa nai No need to [X] N3
84 kurai / gurai approximately; about; around; to the extent N3
85 kurai nara rather than... N1
86 kurai no mono da only N1
87 kuse ni Although; despite; even though N3
88 kyuu ni suddenly N4
89 mada still; not yet N5
90 mada ~te imasen have not yet N5
91 madashimo would be better / acceptable N2
92 made until ~; as far as ~; to (an extent); even ~ N5
93 made da only; just; nothing else N1
94 made mo nai it is not necessary to~ N1
95 made ni by; by the time; indicates time limit N4
96 mae ni before ~; in front of ~ N5
97 mama as it is; current state; without changing N3
98 mamire covered with; stained; smeared with N1
99 masen ka would you; do you want to; shall we~ N5
100 mashou let's ~; shall we ~ N5
101 mashouka shall I ~; used to offer help to the listener N5
102 mo too; also; as well N5
103 mon used when giving a reason. N3
104 mono because; explanation/justification N2
105 mono da describe feeling; express memories; state fact N3
106 mono to suru often used in legal documents to express rules or conditions N1
107 mono toshite to assume; to suppose N1
108 mono wo although; but; even though; I wish that N1
109 monodakara so; therefore (explaining something unavoidable) N2
110 mononara If [x..] is possible, then [y..] N2
111 monono but; although N2
112 moraitai to express desire/want for something N3
113 mou already; anymore; again; other N5
114 naa - sentence ending particle sentence ending particle N5
115 nagara while; during; as; simultaneously N4
116 nagara mo but; although; despite N3
117 nai made mo even if [A] is not done, then [B] N1
118 naide without doing~ ; To do [B] without doing [A] N5
119 naide kudasai please don't do N5
120 naku temo ii don't have to N5
121 nakucha must do N5
122 nakushite without N1
123 nakute wa ikenai must do N5
124 nakute wa naranai must do N5
125 nami same level as; equal to; on par with​; each; row of N1
126 nanka; nante; nado Expresses an emphasis of an unexpected feeling or a negative feeling. Usually followed by more negative words. N3
127 nara if; in the case that ~ N4
128 nara dewa distinctive of~; special to~ N1
129 nari as soon as N1
130 nari ni / nari no In one's own way/style N1
131 nari tomo at least; even a little N1
132 nari~nari or N1
133 naru to become N5
134 nashi ni without N1
135 nazenara because N3
136 ndatte I hear that (using quote) N3
137 ndesu to explain something; show emphasis N5
138 ne isn't it? right? eh? N5
139 ni in; at; on; to N5
140 ni atte at; on; during; in the condition of​ N1
141 ni iku go to do N5
142 ni iwasereba if you ask...; if one may say... N1
143 ni kagiru is best; nothing is better than~ N2
144 ni kagitta koto de wa nai not limited to only~ N1
145 ni kawatte instead of; replacing; on behalf of N3
146 ni mieru to look; to seem; to appear N4
147 ni seyo/ ni shiro even if; regardless; whether... or N2
148 ni shite only; even; at (place, time); in (time span) N1
149 ni suru to decide on N5
150 ni totte to; for; concerning; N3
151 ni/e to (indicates direction / destination) N5
152 nikui difficult to do N4
153 no - possessive particle possessive particle N5
154 no desu to explain something; show emphasis N5
155 no ga heta to be bad at doing something N5
156 no ga jouzu to be good at N5
157 no ga suki to like doing something N5
158 no naka de [A] ga ichiban out of this group, [A] is best N5
159 no yara; mono yara; koto yara I wonder..; unsure N1
160 no yara~no yara contemplating two opposing choices N1
161 node because of; given that; since N5
162 nuki ni shite/nuki de without; leaving out N2
163 okage Expresses a good result for the speaker, usually also expressing thanks or gratitude. N3
164 owaru to finish; to end N4
165 ppanashi Leaving something in an improper state; leaving something on; leaving something still in use; N3
166 ppoi -like N2
167 rareru able to do something / passive voice N4
168 rashii it seems like; I heard; apparently~ N3
169 sai ni At the time of; in the case of. N2
170 saichuu ni In the middle of, interrupting. N3
171 saserareru to be made to do something (passive causative) N4
172 saseru to make/let somebody do something N4
173 sei; seide; seika Places blame to something/someone else. N3
174 shikanai Have no choice but to N3
175 shikashi but; however N5
176 soba kara as soon as N1
177 sono kekka As a result of N3
178 sono tame hence; for that reason N3
179 sou da looks like; appears like N4
180 sou da I heard that; it is said that N4
181 sou ni / sou na seems like; looks like N4
182 sugiru too much N5
183 sura / de sura even (with emphasis) N1
184 ta bakari just finished; something just occurred N4
185 ta koto ga aru to have done something before N5
186 ta koto ni shite expresses a decision or news that does not reflect the truth N1
187 ta tokoro de even if.. N1
188 tabi ni Each time; every time; whenever (something happens). N3
189 taga saigo once [A] occurs, [B] happens N1
190 tagaru want to do~ (third person) N4
191 tai want to do something N5
192 tara~tade whether or not N1
193 tari tomo (not) even; (not) any N1
194 tari~tari do such things as A and B N5
195 taru (those) who are; (that) which is; N1
196 te ageru to do for; to do a favor N4
197 te aru is/has been done (resulting state) N5
198 te bakari wa irarenai can’t keep doing something N2
199 te demo even if I have to..; by all means N2
200 te hajimete not until; only after [x] did I N3
201 te hoshii I want you to; need you to~ N4
202 te iku to start; to continue; to go on N4
203 te iru ongoing action or current state N5
204 te kara after doing~ N5
205 te koso not until, only after N1
206 te kudasai please do N5
207 te kureru to do a favor; do something for someone N4
208 te kuru to do… and come back; to become; to continue; to start N4
209 te made even N1
210 te miru try doing N4
211 te morau to get somebody to do something N4
212 te shou ga nai/te shikata ga nai can't help but~; very; extremely N2
213 te tamaranai can't help but do; dying to do; extremely N2
214 te wa ikenai must not; may not; cannot N5
215 te yaru to do for; to do a favor (casual) N4
216 temo even; even if; even though N5
217 temo ii desu is OK to..; is alright to..; may I..? N5
218 temo kamawanai it doesn't matter if ~ N3
219 tewa / dewa if; since; indicate repeating action N1
220 tewa~tewa repetitive / consecutive action N1
221 to and; with; as N5
222 to areba if; if it is the case that N1
223 to atte because of; due to the fact N1
224 to ie domo even; even if N1
225 to ieba Speaking of N3
226 to ii~to ii and; or; both; regarding N1
227 to ittemo ii you could say; one might say N4
228 to iu It is said; called thus N3
229 to iu ka or more precisely; or rather N1
230 to iu ka~to iu ka not sure whether [A] or [B] N1
231 to iu koto da I heard; It means that; It seems that N3
232 to iu mono during/over a period of time; since; after N1
233 to iu mono da something like~; something called~ N2
234 to iu to Speaking of; when you talk of; when you say.. N3
235 to iu tokoro da about; approximately N1
236 to iwazu not only; both (without distinction) N1
237 to mieru it seems that.. N4
238 to mirareru regarded as; appears/expected to.. N1
239 to miru to upon realizing N1
240 to naru to / to nareba once/when something happens N1
241 to omoikiya To think [A], but [B] N1
242 to sareru is considered to.. N1
243 to shitatte even if.. N1
244 to sureba / to shitara / to suru to in the case of..; assuming.. N3
245 toka I heard that N2
246 toka~toka among other things; such as; like N4
247 toki when; at this time N5
248 tokoro wo although/despite a certain time/situation N1
249 tomo even if; no matter N2
250 tomo arou (those) who are; (that) which is; N1
251 tomo~tomo unable to draw a conclusion; unable to judge N1
252 tomonaku uncertainty; lack of intent N1
253 tono koto da I'm told; passing on a message N1
254 toori As described by (this), (B) N3
255 totan just as; in the act of; simultaneous action N3
256 towa indicates word or phrase being defined​ with emphasis/surprise N1
257 towaie although; nonetheless; be that as it may N1
258 tsu~tsu two contrasting actions N1
259 tsuide ni Taking the opportunity while doing something; incidentally. N3
260 tsumari In other words; in summary; in short N3
261 tsumori plan to ~; intend to ~ N5
262 tsumori datta Was planning to N3
263 tsuzukeru continue to; keen on N4
264 uto~uto/uga~uga whether/even if [A] or [B]. N1
265 wa - topic marker topic marker N5
266 wa ~yori... desu [A] is more ~ than [B] N5
267 wa mochiron not to mention; not only; but also N3
268 wa moto yori also; let alone; from the beginning N2
269 wa tomokaku anyhow; in any case; whether or not; generally speaking N2
270 wari ni In comparison. (expresses an unexpected feeling) N3
271 wo - object marker object marker N5
272 wo kagiri ni starting from..; to the full extent of N1
273 wo kawakiri ni starting with N1
274 wo motte 1) by means of; with. 2) at the time N1
275 ya and N5
276 ya ina ya as soon as; the moment.. N1
277 yara~yara such as; and so on.. N2
278 yasui easy to; likely to N4
279 yo - ending particle you know (ending particle) N5
280 yori than; rather than; more than N4
281 yori from N2
282 yori ~hou ga [A] is more than [B] N5
283 yorimo in comparison to; rather than N3
284 you da appears / seems / looks as if N4
285 you ka~mai ka whether or not; considering options N1
286 you ni / you na like; as; similar to N4
287 you ni mieru to look; to seem; to appear N3
288 you ni suru to try to; to make sure that N4
289 you to~mai to/you ga~mai ga whether or not; regardless N1
290 zukume completely; entirely; nothing but N1
291 zurai difficult to do N4

291 JLPT Grammar Lessons and counting...

Please note that this is not *YET* a cumulative list of every grammar concept that appears on the JLPT.

I am working to add new content each day, but if you see anything that you think should be added, please contact me
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