Complete JLPT Grammar List

Let’s Learn Japanese Grammar!

This is our complete JLPT grammar list for all of our Japanese grammar lessons.

Each lesson is ranked according to appropriate JLPT grammar level and includes meaning/translation notes, grammar structure, conjugations, example sentences, and interactive aids.

How much of this JLPT grammar list do you know already?

If there’s any lessons you want me to add, let me know in the comments!

complete jlpt grammar list - learn japanese

Japanese grammar list for all JLPT levels

#EnglishJapaneseGrammar MeaningLevel
1 [x] ga [x] nara, [y] mo [y] da like [father] like [son] (negative meaning) N1
2 aida ni while, during (the time when) N4
3 amari~nai not very, not much N4
4 ato de after ~; later N4
5 atte no which owes everything to N1
6 ba if… then (conditional) N4
7 baai wa in the event of N4
8 bakari only; nothing but N3
9 bakari da continue to N2
10 bakari de only; just (negative description) N3
11 bakari denaku not only.. but also; as well as N3
12 bakari iru only; nothing but; describe repetitive action N3
13 bakari ka not only.. but also; as well as. N3
14 bakari ni simply because, on account of (=>negative result) N2
15 beki should do; must do N3
16 beki dewa nai should not do; must not do N3
17 cha ikenai / ja ikenai must not do (spoken Japanese) N5
18 da / desu to be (am, is, are, were, used to) N5
19 dake only; just; as much as N5
20 dake de just by; just by doing N4
21 dano~dano and; and the like; and so forth N1
22 darake full of; covered with N3
23 darou I think; it seems; probably; right? N5
24 de in; at; on; by; with; via N5
25 de are/de arou to whoever / whatever / however N1
26 de are~de are whether [A] or [B] N1
27 de gozaimasu to be (honorific) N4
28 demo ... or something N4
29 demo but; however N5
30 deshou I think; it seems; probably; right? N5
31 dewa nai ka right?; isn't it? N4
32 donna ni~uga/uto(mo) Now matter how/what; even if N1
33 dou yara it seems like; it appears that N2
34 doushite why; for what reason; how N5
35 furi o suru to pretend; to act as if N3
36 ga subject marker; however; but N5
37 ga arimasu there is; is (non-living things) N5
38 ga hayai ka as soon as N1
39 ga hoshii to want something N5
40 ga imasu there is; to be; is (living things) N5
41 gachi tend to; tendency to N2
42 gari personality; tend to~; sensitivity towards~ N4
43 garu; gatteiru to show signs of; to appear; to feel, to think N4
44 gatai very difficult to; impossible to N3
45 gatera on the same occasion; at the same time; coincidentally N1
46 ge seeming; giving the appearance of N2
47 gimi -like; -looking; -looked; tending to N2
48 gozaimasu to be, to exist (the polite form of いる/ある) N4
49 gurumi together (with); -wide N1
50 hajimeru to start; to begin to ~ N4
51 hazu da it must be; it should be (expectation) N4
52 hazu ga nai cannot be (impossible) N4
53 hitsuyou ga aru need to; it is necessary to N4
54 hodo degree; extent; bounds; upper limit N3
55 hou ga ii had better; it'd be better to; should~ N5
56 ichiban the most; the best N5
57 issho ni together N5
58 itsumo always; usually; habitually N5
59 janai / dewa nai to not be (am not; is not; are not) N5
60 janai ka right?; isn't it? N4
61 ka - question particle question particle N5
62 ka dou ka whether or not N4
63 ka shira I wonder N4
64 ka~ka or N5
65 kagiri da to feel strongly N1
66 kamo shirenai might; perhaps; indicates possibility N4
67 kana I wonder; should I? N4
68 kara because; since; from N5
69 kara aru / kara suru / kara no at least; approximately X or more N1
70 kata the way of doing something; how to do N5
71 katagata while; at the same time; for the purpose of N1
72 katawara while; at the same time; in addition N1
73 kawari ni Instead of; in exchange for; in return N3
74 kedo but; however; although N5
75 keredo mo but; however; although N5
76 kiri only; just N3
77 kke ~?; recalling information; asking for confirmation N3
78 koso are although; even though N1
79 koso ga/keredo but; although (emphasis) N1
80 koso sure part [B] of sentence is definitely not (strong emphasis) N1
81 koto Verb nominalizer N4
82 koto da should (used for suggestions / advice) N3
83 koto dakara because; since N2
84 koto ga aru there are times when N4
85 koto ga dekiru can; able to N4
86 koto ka how…!; what…! N3
87 koto nashi ni without doing; unless N1
88 koto ni naru It has been decided that..; it turns out that.. N4
89 koto ni suru to decide on N4
90 koto no nai you ni so as not to; to not N1
91 koto wa nai No need to [X] N3
92 kurai / gurai approximately; about; around; to the extent N3
93 kurai nara rather than... N1
94 kurai no mono da only N1
95 kuse ni although; despite; even though N3
96 kyuu ni suddenly N4
97 mada still; not yet N5
98 mada ~te imasen have not yet N5
99 madashimo would be better / acceptable N2
100 made until ~; as far as ~; to (an extent); even ~ N5
101 made da only; just; nothing else N1
102 made mo nai it is not necessary to~ N1
103 made ni by; by the time; indicates time limit N4
104 mae ni before ~; in front of ~ N5
105 mama as it is; current state; without changing N3
106 mamire covered with; stained; smeared with N1
107 masen ka would you; do you want to; shall we~ N5
108 mashou let's ~; shall we ~ N5
109 mashouka shall I ~; used to offer help to the listener N5
110 mo too; also; as well N5
111 mon because; indicates reason or excuse; indicates dissatisfaction N3
112 mono because; explanation/justification N2
113 mono da describe feeling; express memories; state fact N3
114 mono to suru often used in legal documents to express rules or conditions N1
115 mono toshite to assume; to suppose N1
116 mono wo although; but; even though; I wish that N1
117 monodakara so; therefore (explaining something unavoidable) N2
118 mononara If [x..] is possible, then [y..] N2
119 monono but; although N2
120 mou already; anymore; again; other N5
121 naa - sentence ending particle sentence ending particle N5
122 nagara while; during; as; simultaneously N4
123 nagara mo but; although; despite N3
124 nai made mo even if [A] is not done, then [B] N1
125 naide without doing~ ; To do [B] without doing [A] N5
126 naide kudasai please don't do N5
127 nakereba naranai must do something; have to do something N4
128 naku temo ii don't have to N5
129 nakucha must do N5
130 nakushite without N1
131 nakute wa ikenai must do N5
132 nakute wa naranai must do N5
133 nami same level as; equal to; on par with​; each; row of N1
134 nanka; nante; nado Expresses an emphasis of an unexpected feeling or a negative feeling. Usually followed by more negative words. N3
135 nara if; in the case that ~ N4
136 nara dewa distinctive of~; special to~ N1
137 nari as soon as N1
138 nari ni / nari no In one's own way/style N1
139 nari tomo at least; even a little N1
140 nari~nari or N1
141 naru to become N5
142 nashi ni without N1
143 nazenara because N3
144 ndatte I hear that (using quote) N3
145 ndesu to explain something; show emphasis N5
146 ne isn't it? right? eh? N5
147 ni in; at; on; to N5
148 ni atte at; on; during; in the condition of​ N1
149 ni iku go to do N5
150 ni iwasereba if you ask...; if one may say... N1
151 ni kagiru is best; nothing is better than~ N2
152 ni kagitta koto de wa nai not limited to only~ N1
153 ni kawari instead of N3
154 ni kawatte instead of; replacing; on behalf of N3
155 ni mieru to look; to seem; to appear N4
156 ni seyo/ ni shiro even if; regardless; whether... or N2
157 ni shite only; even; at (place, time); in (time span) N1
158 ni suru to decide on N5
159 ni totte to; for; concerning; N3
160 ni/e to (indicates direction / destination) N5
161 nikui difficult to do N4
162 no - possessive particle possessive particle N5
163 no desu to explain something; show emphasis N5
164 no ga heta to be bad at doing something N5
165 no ga jouzu to be good at N5
166 no ga suki to like doing something N5
167 no naka de [A] ga ichiban out of this group, [A] is best N5
168 no yara; mono yara; koto yara I wonder..; unsure N1
169 no yara~no yara contemplating two opposing choices N1
170 node because of; given that; since N5
171 nuki ni shite/nuki de without; leaving out N2
172 o~kudasai please do (honorific) N4
173 o~ni naru to do (honorific) N4
174 okage Expresses a good result for the speaker, usually also expressing thanks or gratitude. N3
175 owaru to finish; to end N4
176 ppanashi Leaving something in an improper state; leaving something on; leaving something still in use; N3
177 ppoi -ish; -like N2
178 rareru able to do something / passive voice N4
179 rashii it seems like; I heard; apparently~ N3
180 sai ni at the time of; in the case of. N2
181 saichuu ni while; during; in the middle of N3
182 saserareru to be made to do something (passive causative) N4
183 saseru to make/let somebody do something N4
184 sei; seide; seika Places blame to something/someone else. N3
185 shi and; and what’s more N4
186 shikanai have no choice but N3
187 shikashi but; however N5
188 soba kara as soon as N1
189 sono kekka as a result of (something) N3
190 sono tame hence; for that reason N3
191 sou da looks like; appears like N4
192 sou da I heard that; it is said that N4
193 sou ni / sou na seems like; looks like N4
194 sugiru too much N5
195 sura / de sura even (with emphasis) N1
196 ta bakari just finished; something just occurred N4
197 ta koto ga aru to have done something before N5
198 ta koto ni shite expresses a decision or news that does not reflect the truth N1
199 ta tokoro de even if.. N1
200 tabi ni Each time; every time; whenever (something happens). N3
201 taga saigo once [A] occurs, [B] happens N1
202 tagaru want to do~ (third person) N4
203 tai want to do something N5
204 tara~tade whether or not N1
205 tari tomo (not) even; (not) any N1
206 tari~tari do such things as A and B N5
207 taru (those) who are; (that) which is; N1
208 te ageru to do for; to do a favor N4
209 te aru is/has been done (resulting state) N5
210 te bakari wa irarenai can’t keep doing something N2
211 te demo even if I have to..; by all means N2
212 te hajimete not until; only after [x] did I N3
213 te hoshii I want you to; need you to~ N4
214 te iku to start; to continue; to go on N4
215 te iru ongoing action or current state N5
216 te kara after doing~ N5
217 te koso not until, only after N1
218 te kudasai please do N5
219 te kureru to do a favor; do something for someone N4
220 te kuru to do… and come back; to become; to continue; to start N4
221 te made even N1
222 te miru try doing N4
223 te moraitai to express desire/want for something N3
224 te morau to get somebody to do something N4
225 te shou ga nai/te shikata ga nai can't help but~; very; extremely N2
226 te tamaranai can't help but do; dying to do; extremely N2
227 te wa ikenai must not; may not; cannot N5
228 te yaru to do for; to do a favor (casual) N4
229 temo even; even if; even though N5
230 temo ii desu is OK to..; is alright to..; may I..? N5
231 temo kamawanai it doesn't matter if ~ N3
232 tewa / dewa if; since; indicate repeating action N1
233 tewa~tewa repetitive / consecutive action N1
234 to and; with; as N5
235 to areba if; if it is the case that N1
236 to atte because of; due to the fact N1
237 to ie domo even; even if N1
238 to ieba Speaking of N3
239 to ii~to ii and; or; both; regarding N1
240 to ittemo ii you could say; one might say N4
241 to iu It is said; called thus N3
242 to iu ka or more precisely; or rather N1
243 to iu ka~to iu ka not sure whether [A] or [B] N1
244 to iu koto da I heard; It means that; It seems that N3
245 to iu mono during/over a period of time; since; after N1
246 to iu mono da something like~; something called~ N2
247 to iu to Speaking of; when you talk of; when you say.. N3
248 to iu tokoro da about; approximately N1
249 to iwazu not only; both (without distinction) N1
250 to mieru it seems that.. N4
251 to mirareru regarded as; appears/expected to.. N1
252 to miru to upon realizing N1
253 to naru to / to nareba once/when something happens N1
254 to omoikiya To think [A], but [B] N1
255 to sareru is considered to.. N1
256 to shitatte even if.. N1
257 to sureba / to shitara / to suru to in the case of..; assuming.. N3
258 toka I heard that N2
259 toka~toka among other things; such as; like N4
260 toki when; at this time N5
261 tokoro wo although/despite a certain time/situation N1
262 tomo even if; no matter N2
263 tomo arou of all people (expression showing surprise at a high standing person's misbehavior) N1
264 tomo~tomo unable to draw a conclusion; unable to judge N1
265 tomonaku uncertainty; lack of intent N1
266 tono koto da I'm told; passing on a message N1
267 toori in the same way as; in the way; as N3
268 totan just as; in the act of; simultaneous action N3
269 towa indicates word or phrase being defined​ with emphasis/surprise N1
270 towaie although; nonetheless; be that as it may N1
271 tsu~tsu two contrasting actions N1
272 tsuide ni Taking the opportunity while doing something; incidentally. N3
273 tsumari in other words; in summary; in short N3
274 tsumori plan to ~; intend to ~ N5
275 tsumori datta Was planning to N3
276 tsuzukeru continue to; keen on N4
277 uto~uto/uga~uga whether/even if [A] or [B]. N1
278 wa - topic marker topic marker N5
279 wa ~yori... desu [A] is more ~ than [B] N5
280 wa mochiron not to mention; not only; but also N3
281 wa moto yori also; let alone; from the beginning N2
282 wa tomokaku anyhow; in any case; whether or not; generally speaking N2
283 wari ni in comparison (expresses an unexpected feeling) N3
284 wo - object marker object marker N5
285 wo kagiri ni starting from..; to the full extent of N1
286 wo kawakiri ni starting with N1
287 wo motte 1) by means of; with. 2) at the time N1
288 ya and N5
289 ya ina ya as soon as; the moment.. N1
290 yara~yara such as; and so on.. N2
291 yasui easy to; likely to N4
292 yo - ending particle you know (ending particle) N5
293 yori than; rather than; more than N4
294 yori from N2
295 yori ~hou ga [A] is more than [B] N5
296 yorimo in comparison to; rather than N3
297 yotei da plan to, intend to N4
298 you da appears / seems / looks as if N4
299 you ka~mai ka whether or not; considering options N1
300 you ni / you na like; as; similar to N4
301 you ni mieru to look; to seem; to appear N3
302 you ni suru to try to; to make sure that N4
303 you to~mai to/you ga~mai ga whether or not; regardless N1
304 zukume completely; entirely; nothing but N1
305 zurai difficult to do N4

305 JLPT Grammar Lessons and counting...

Please note that this is not *YET* a cumulative list of every grammar concept that appears on the JLPT.

I am working to add new content each day, but if you see anything that you think should be added, please contact me
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