JLPT N4 Grammar List

learn Japanese JLPT N4 grammar list

This is a complete list of the Japanese grammar rules needed to study for and pass the N4 Japanese Language Proficiency Test.

Although there is no official JLPT N4 grammar list, most grammar points that have been featured on previous tests are included in this list.

Each lesson is arranged in English romaji alphabetical order. In total, there are over 131 grammar lessons that you need to know in order to pass the N4.

Click on the lesson link for detailed notes about grammar structure, how-to-use, conjugations, example sentences, interactive aids, and more.

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JLPT N4 Grammar List Flashcards, Japanese 文法

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#Grammar LessonGrammar Meaning
1 aida while; during; between
2 aida ni while/during~ something happened
3 amari~nai not very, not much ~
4 ato de after~; later
5 ba conditional form; If [A] then [B]
6 baai wa in the event of; in the case that
7 bakari only; nothing but ~
8 dake de just by; just by doing
9 dasu to begin to; to start to; to burst into; ... out (e.g. to jump out, to carry out)​
10 de gozaimasu to be (honorific)
11 demo ... or something; how about~
12 dewa nai ka right?; isn't it?
13 ga hitsuyou need; necessary
14 ga suru to smell; hear; taste
15 gari personality (someone tends to; has a tendency to; has a sensitivity to ~)
16 garu / gatteiru to show signs of; to appear; to feel, to think ~
17 gozaimasu to be, to exist (the polite form of いる/ある)
18 hajimeru to start; to begin to ~
19 hazu da it must be; it should be (expectation)
20 hazu ga nai cannot be (impossible)
21 hitsuyou ga aru need to; it is necessary to
22 ikou kei - volitional form volitional form​; let's do ~
23 irassharu to be; to come; to go (polite version)
24 itashimasu to do (polite form of する)
25 janai ka right? isn't it? let's~; confirmation
26 ka dou ka whether or not ~
27 ka shira I wonder~
28 kai turns a sentence into a yes/no question
29 kamo shirenai might; perhaps; indicates possibility
30 kana I wonder; should I?
31 kara tsukuru made from; made with
32 kitto surely; undoubtedly; almost certainly; most likely
33 koro / goro around; about; when
34 koto Verb nominalizer
35 koto ga aru there are times when
36 koto ga dekiru can; able to
37 koto ni naru It has been decided that..; it turns out that..
38 koto ni suru to decide on
39 ku suru to make something ~
40 kyuu ni quickly; immediately; hastily; suddenly; abruptly; unexpectedly ~

JLPT N4 Grammar List total: (132)

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