JLPT N4 Grammar List

learn Japanese JLPT N4 grammar list

This is a complete list of the Japanese grammar rules needed to study for and pass the N4 Japanese Language Proficiency Test.

Although there is no official JLPT N4 grammar list, most grammar points that have been featured on previous tests are included in this list.

Each lesson is arranged in English romaji alphabetical order. In total, there are over 100 grammar lessons that you need to know in order to pass the N4.

Click on the lesson link for detailed notes about grammar structure, how-to-use, conjugations, example sentences, interactive aids, and more.

jlpt n4 grammar list 文法
#Grammar LessonGrammar Meaning
1 aida while; during
2 aida ni while, during (the time when)
3 amari~nai not very, not much
4 ato de after ~; later
5 ba if… then (conditional)
6 baai wa in the event of
7 dake de just by; just by doing
8 dasu to suddenly begin; to suddenly appear
9 de gozaimasu to be (honorific)
10 demo ... or something
11 dewa nai ka right?; isn't it?
12 ga hitsuyou need; necessary
13 ga suru to smell; hear; taste
14 gari personality; tend to~; sensitivity towards~
15 garu; gatteiru to show signs of; to appear; to feel, to think
16 gozaimasu to be, to exist (the polite form of いる/ある)
17 hajimeru to start; to begin to ~
18 hazu da it must be; it should be (expectation)
19 hazu ga nai cannot be (impossible)
20 hitsuyou ga aru need to; it is necessary to
21 ikou kei - volitional form volitional form​; let's do ~.
22 irassharu to be; to come; to go (polite version)
23 itashimasu to do (polite form of する)
24 janai ka right?; isn't it?
25 ka dou ka whether or not
26 ka shira I wonder
27 kai turns a sentence into a yes/no question
28 kamo shirenai might; perhaps; indicates possibility
29 kana I wonder; should I?
30 koro / goro around; about; when
31 koto Verb nominalizer
32 koto ga aru there are times when
33 koto ga dekiru can; able to
34 koto ni naru It has been decided that..; it turns out that..
35 koto ni suru to decide on
36 ku suru to make something ~
37 kyuu ni suddenly
38 made ni by; by the time; indicates time limit
39 mitai da like, similar to, resembling
40 mitai na like, similar to

JLPT N4 Grammar List total: (111)

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*NOTE* This is not a complete list of every JLPT grammar yet.

I am working hard to add new lessons every day. If you have any requests, use the contact page to let me know.

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