JLPT N4 Grammar List

learn Japanese JLPT N4 grammar list

This is the list of the Japanese grammar rules needed to study for the Japanese Language Proficiency Test N4.

The JLPT N4 Grammar List lessons are arranged in English romaji alphabetical order.

Click on the lesson link for detailed notes about grammar structure, how-to-use, conjugations, example sentences, interactive aids, and more.

jlpt n4 grammar list 文法
#Grammar LessonGrammar Meaning
1 aida ni while, during (the time when)
2 amari~nai not very, not much
3 ato de after ~; later
4 ba if… then (conditional)
5 baai wa in the event of
6 dake de just by; just by doing
7 de gozaimasu to be (honorific)
8 demo ... or something
9 dewa nai ka right?; isn't it?
10 gari personality; tend to~; sensitivity towards~
11 garu; gatteiru to show signs of; to appear; to feel, to think
12 gozaimasu to be, to exist (the polite form of いる/ある)
13 hajimeru to start; to begin to ~
14 hazu da it must be; it should be (expectation)
15 hazu ga nai cannot be (impossible)
16 hitsuyou ga aru need to; it is necessary to
17 janai ka right?; isn't it?
18 ka dou ka whether or not
19 ka shira I wonder
20 kamo shirenai might; perhaps; indicates possibility
21 kana I wonder; should I?
22 koto Verb nominalizer
23 koto ga aru there are times when
24 koto ga dekiru can; able to
25 koto ni naru It has been decided that..; it turns out that..
26 koto ni suru to decide on
27 kyuu ni suddenly
28 made ni by; by the time; indicates time limit
29 nagara while; during; as; simultaneously
30 nakereba naranai must do something; have to do something
31 nara if; in the case that ~
32 ni mieru to look; to seem; to appear
33 nikui difficult to do
34 o~kudasai please do (honorific)
35 o~ni naru to do (honorific)
36 owaru to finish; to end
37 rareru able to do something / passive voice
38 saserareru to be made to do something (passive causative)
39 saseru to make/let somebody do something
40 shi and; and what’s more

JLPT N4 Grammar List total: (64)

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*NOTE* This is not a complete list of every JLPT grammar yet.

I am working hard to add new lessons every day. If you have any requests, use the contact page to let me know.

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