This is a complete list of the Japanese grammar rules needed to study for and pass the N4 Japanese Language Proficiency Test.
Although there is no official JLPT N4 grammar list, most grammar points that have been featured on previous tests are included in this list.
Each lesson is arranged in English romaji alphabetical order. In total, there are over 132 grammar lessons that you need to know in order to pass the N4.
Click on the lesson link for detailed notes about grammar structure, how-to-use, conjugations, example sentences, interactive aids, and more.
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|#||Grammar Lesson||文法レッスン||Grammar Meaning|
|1||aida||間（あいだ）||while; during; between ~|
|2||aida ni||間に（あいだに）||while; during~ something happened|
|3||amari~nai||あまり～ない||not very, not much ~|
|4||ato de||後で（あとで）||after~; later|
|5||ba||ば||conditional form; If [A] then [B]|
|6||baai wa||場合は（ばあいは）||in the event of; in the case that ~|
|7||bakari||ばかり||only; nothing but ~|
|8||dake de||だけで||just by; just by doing|
|9||dasu||出す（だす）||to begin to; to start to; to burst into; ... out (e.g. to jump out, to carry out)|
|10||de gozaimasu||でございます||to be (honorific)|
|11||demo||でも||... or something; how about~|
|12||dewa nai ka||ではないか||right?; isn't it?|
|13||ga hitsuyou||が必要（がひつよう）||need; necessary|
|14||ga suru||がする||to smell; hear; taste|
|15||gari||がり||personality (someone tends to; has a tendency to; has a sensitivity to ~)|
|16||garu / gatteiru||がる / がっている||to show signs of; to appear; to feel, to think ~|
|17||gozaimasu||ございます||to be, to exist (the polite form of いる/ある)|
|18||hajimeru||始める（はじめる）||to start; to begin to ~|
|19||hazu da||はずだ||it must be; it should be (expectation)|
|20||hazu ga nai||はずがない||cannot be (impossible)|
|21||hitsuyou ga aru||必要がある（ひつようがある）||need to; it is necessary to|
|22||ikou kei - volitional form||意向形 （いこうけい）||volitional form; let's do ~|
|23||irassharu||いらっしゃる||to be; to come; to go (polite version)|
|24||itashimasu||いたします||to do (polite form of する)|
|25||janai ka||じゃないか||right? isn't it? let's~; confirmation|
|26||ka dou ka||かどうか||whether or not ~|
|27||ka shira||かしら||I wonder (feminine)|
|28||kai||かい||turns a sentence into a yes/no question|
|29||kamo shirenai||かもしれない||might; perhaps; indicates possibility|
|30||kana||かな||I wonder; should I?|
|31||kara tsukuru||から作る（からつくる）||made from; made with|
|32||kitto||きっと||surely; undoubtedly; almost certainly; most likely|
|33||koro / goro||頃（ころ / ごろ）||around; about; when|
|35||koto ga aru||ことがある||there are times when|
|36||koto ga dekiru||ことができる||can; able to|
|37||koto ni naru||ことになる||It has been decided that..; it turns out that..|
|38||koto ni suru||ことにする||to decide on|
|39||ku suru||くする||to make something ~|
|40||kyuu ni||急に（きゅうに）||quickly; immediately; hastily; suddenly; abruptly; unexpectedly ~|
JLPT N4 Grammar List total: (132)
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JLPT N4 Study Guide
JLPT N4 Grammar Master [e-book]
Complete Study Guide
This e-book includes every grammar point you need to know in order to pass the JLPT N4, with detailed usage notes and numerous example sentences.
Grammar lessons: 131.
*NOTE* Officially, there are no kanji, vocabulary, or grammar lists for the JLPT. As a result, it is not possible to be certain which kanji, words, or grammar will or will not appear in a given test. Our study lists are based on prior test data and comparisons with other available lists of JLPT kanji, vocabulary, grammar, etc.