This is a complete list of the Japanese grammar rules needed to study for and pass the N5 Japanese Language Proficiency Test.
Although there is no official JLPT N5 文法 grammar list, most grammar points that have been featured on previous tests are included in this list.
Each lesson is arranged in English romaji alphabetical order. In total, there are over 80 grammar lessons that you need to know in order to pass the N5.
Click on the lesson link for detailed notes about grammar structure, how-to-use, conjugations, example sentences, interactive aids, and more.
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|#||Grammar Lesson||文法レッスン||Grammar Meaning|
|1||cha ikenai / ja ikenai||ちゃいけない・じゃいけない||must not do (spoken Japanese)|
|2||da / desu||だ / です||to be (am, is, are, were, used to)|
|3||dake||だけ||only; just; as much as ~|
|4||darou||だろう||I think; it seems; probably; right?|
|5||de||で||in; at; on; by; with; via ~|
|6||demo||でも||but; however; though ~|
|7||deshou||でしょう||I think; it seems; probably; right?|
|8||donna||どんな||what kind of; what sort of|
|9||doushite||どうして||why; for what reason; how|
|10||douyatte||どうやって||how; in what way; by what means|
|11||ga||が||subject marker; however; but ~|
|12||ga arimasu||があります||there is; is (non-living things)|
|13||ga hoshii||がほしい||to want something|
|14||ga imasu||がいます||there is; to be; is (living things)|
|15||hou ga ii||ほうがいい||had better; it'd be better to; should ~|
|17||ichiban||一番（いちばん）||the most; the best|
|19||itsumo||いつも||always; usually; habitually|
|20||janai / dewa nai||じゃない・ではない||to not be (am not; is not; are not)|
|23||kara||から||because; since; from|
|24||kata||方（かた）||the way of doing something; how to do ~|
|25||kedo||けど||but; however; although ~|
|26||keredo mo||けれども||but; however; although ~|
|27||mada||まだ||still; not yet|
|28||mada ~te imasen||まだ～ていません||have not yet ~|
|29||made||まで||until; as far as; to (an extent); even ~|
|30||mae ni||前に（まえに）||before; in front of ~|
|31||masen ka||ませんか||would you; do you want to; shall we ~|
|32||mashou||ましょう||let's ~; shall we ~|
|33||mashouka||ましょうか||shall I ~; used to offer help to the listener|
|34||mo||も||too; also; as well|
|35||mou||もう||already; anymore; again; other|
|37||naa||なあ||sentence ending particle; confirmation; admiration, etc|
|38||naide||ないで||without doing ~; to do [B] without doing [A]|
|39||naide kudasai||ないでください||please don't do ~|
|40||naito ikenai||ないといけない||must do; have an obligation to do ~|
JLPT N5 Grammar List total: (84)
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JLPT N5 Study Guide
JLPT N5 Grammar Master [e-book]
Complete Study Guide
This e-book includes every grammar point you need to know in order to pass the JLPT N5, with detailed usage notes and numerous example sentences.
N5 Grammar Flashcards
*NOTE* Officially, there are no kanji, vocabulary, or grammar lists for the JLPT. As a result, it is not possible to be certain which kanji, words, or grammar will or will not appear in a given test. Our study lists are based on prior test data and comparisons with other available lists of JLPT kanji, vocabulary, grammar, etc.