JLPT N5 Grammar List

learn Japanese JLPT N5 grammar list

This is a complete list of the Japanese grammar rules needed to study for and pass the N5 Japanese Language Proficiency Test.

Although there is no official JLPT N5 文法 grammar list, most grammar points that have been featured on previous tests are included in this list.

Each lesson is arranged in English romaji alphabetical order. In total, there are over 80 grammar lessons that you need to know in order to pass the N5.

Click on the lesson link for detailed notes about grammar structure, how-to-use, conjugations, example sentences, interactive aids, and more.

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JLPT N5 Grammar List Flashcards, Japanese 文法

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#Grammar LessonGrammar Meaning
1 cha ikenai / ja ikenai must not do (spoken Japanese)
2 da / desu to be (am, is, are, were, used to)
3 dake only; just; as much as~
4 darou I think; it seems; probably; right?
5 de in; at; on; by; with; via
6 demo but; however; though~
7 deshou I think; it seems; probably; right?
8 donna what kind of; what sort of
9 doushite why; for what reason; how
10 douyatte how; in what way; by what means​
11 ga subject marker; however; but~
12 ga arimasu there is; is (non-living things)
13 ga hoshii to want something
14 ga imasu there is; to be; is (living things)
15 hou ga ii had better; it'd be better to; should~
16 i-adjectives i-adjectives
17 ichiban the most; the best
18 issho ni together
19 itsumo always; usually; habitually
20 janai / dewa nai to not be (am not; is not; are not)
21 ka question particle
22 ka~ka or
23 kara because; since; from
24 kata the way of doing something; how to do
25 kedo but; however; although~
26 keredo mo but; however; although~
27 mada still; not yet
28 mada ~te imasen have not yet~
29 made until; as far as; to (an extent); even~
30 mae ni before; in front of~
31 masen ka would you; do you want to; shall we~
32 mashou let's ~; shall we ~
33 mashouka shall I ~; used to offer help to the listener
34 mo too; also; as well
35 mou already; anymore; again; other
36 na-adjectives na-adjectives
37 naa sentence ending particle; confirmation; admiration, etc
38 naide without doing~ ; To do [B] without doing [A]
39 naide kudasai please don't do
40 naito ikenai must do; have an obligation to do

JLPT N5 Grammar List total: (84)

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