JLPT N5 Grammar List

learn Japanese JLPT N5 grammar list

This is a complete list of the Japanese grammar rules needed to study for and pass the N5 Japanese Language Proficiency Test.

Although there is no official JLPT N5 文法 grammar list, most grammar points that have been featured on previous tests are included in this list.

Each lesson is arranged in English romaji alphabetical order. In total, there are over 80 grammar lessons that you need to know in order to pass the N5.

Click on the lesson link for detailed notes about grammar structure, how-to-use, conjugations, example sentences, interactive aids, and more.

JLPT N5 Grammar List Flashcards, Japanese 文法

Bonus downloads for supporters on Patreon:

#Grammar LessonGrammar Meaning
1 cha ikenai / ja ikenai must not do (spoken Japanese)
2 da / desu to be (am, is, are, were, used to)
3 dake only; just; as much as~
4 darou I think; it seems; probably; right?
5 de in; at; on; by; with; via
6 demo but; however; though~
7 deshou I think; it seems; probably; right?
8 donna what kind of; what sort of
9 doushite why; for what reason; how
10 douyatte how; in what way; by what means​
11 ga subject marker; however; but~
12 ga arimasu there is; is (non-living things)
13 ga hoshii to want something
14 ga imasu there is; to be; is (living things)
15 hou ga ii had better; it'd be better to; should~
16 i-adjectives i-adjectives
17 ichiban the most; the best
18 issho ni together
19 itsumo always; usually; habitually
20 janai / dewa nai to not be (am not; is not; are not)
21 ka question particle
22 ka~ka or
23 kara because; since; from
24 kata the way of doing something; how to do
25 kedo but; however; although~
26 keredo mo but; however; although~
27 mada still; not yet
28 mada ~te imasen have not yet~
29 made until; as far as; to (an extent); even~
30 mae ni before; in front of~
31 masen ka would you; do you want to; shall we~
32 mashou let's ~; shall we ~
33 mashouka shall I ~; used to offer help to the listener
34 mo too; also; as well
35 mou already; anymore; again; other
36 na-adjectives na-adjectives
37 naa sentence ending particle; confirmation; admiration, etc
38 naide without doing~ ; To do [B] without doing [A]
39 naide kudasai please don't do
40 naito ikenai must do; have an obligation to do

JLPT N5 Grammar List total: (84)

Currently viewing page 1 of 3

Recommended JLPT N5 Books

Nihongo So-matome: JLPT N5

This book covers everything you need to pass the JLPT N5 in just 6 weeks! (Kanji, Vocabulary, Grammar, Reading Comprehension, Listening Comprehension)
See price on Amazon

GENKI I: An Integrated Course in Elementary Japanese

This is the best all around book for beginners learning Japanese in English. I used this in my first year studying Japanese. I found it to be far better and easier to use than the many other books I was using.
See price on Amazon

Jlpt N5 Japanese Lauguage Proficiency Test Official Practice Test

This is the official practice test of the JLPT N5. I highly recommend doing at least 1 practice test before taking the real test.
See price on Amazon

Jlpt N5 Japanese Lauguage Proficiency Test Official Practice Test (NEW 2018)

This is the new version of the official JLPT N5 practice test. If you've already taken the old practice test, this is a good option to practice with some different questions.
See price on Amazon