JLPT N4 Particles List (Beginner Japanese)

JLPT N4 Particles List (Beginner Japanese)

This is a complete JLPT N4 particle list of every beginner Japanese particle you must know.

Japanese particles, 助詞 (joshi), are suffixes or short words in Japanese grammar that immediately follow the modified noun, verb, adjective, or sentence.

Some are are similar to prepositions in English, though there is a wide variety of different uses and meanings.

Click on any of the links in the list for a full lesson with more detailed grammar information & examples of each particle.

Download PDF of N4 particles list (for members only)

JLPT N4 Particles Complete Study Guide

#RomajiJapaneseGrammar MeaningLevel
1 ba conditional form; If [A] then [B] N4
2 bakari only; nothing but ~ N4
3 demo ... or something; how about~ N4
4 ka shira I wonder (feminine) N4
5 kai turns a sentence into a yes/no question N4
6 kana I wonder; should I? N4
7 mo as many as; as much as; up to; nearly ~ N4
8 na don’t ~ (order somebody to not do something) N4
9 nado such as; things like ~ N4
10 nagara while; during; as; simultaneously N4
11 nara if; in the case that ~ N4
12 noni to (do something); in order to ~ N4
13 noni although, in spite of, even though ~ N4
14 nowa~da [A] is [B]; the reason for [A] is [B] N4
15 shi and; and what’s more ~ (emphasis) N4
16 ta bakari just finished; something just occurred N4
17 tara if; after; when ~ N4
18 te / de conjunctive particle; so; because of [A], [B]... N4
19 temo even; even if; even though ~ N4
20 to whenever [A] happens, [B] also happens N4
21 to iu called; named; that ~ N4
22 toka~toka among other things; such as; like ~ N4
23 tte named; called ~ N4
24 yori than; rather than; more than ~ N4

Total JLPT N4 Particles Lessons (24)

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*NOTE* Officially, there are no kanji, vocabulary, or grammar lists for the JLPT. As a result, it is not possible to be certain which kanji, words, or grammar will or will not appear in a given test. Our study lists are based on prior test data and comparisons with other available lists of JLPT kanji, vocabulary, grammar, etc.