Complete Japanese Particles List

Complete Japanese Particles List

This is a complete particle list of every particle in the Japanese language organized in roman alphabetical order, labeled by JLPT level.

Japanese particles, 助詞 (joshi), are suffixes or short words in Japanese grammar that immediately follow the modified noun, verb, adjective, or sentence.

Some are are similar to prepositions in English, though there is a wide variety of different uses and meanings.

Click on any of the links in the list for a full lesson with more detailed grammar information & examples of each particle.

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Japanese Particles Complete Study Guide

#RomajiJapaneseGrammar MeaningLevel
1 ba conditional form; If [A] then [B] N4
2 ba ii should, can, it’d be good if~ N3
3 ba~hodo the more… the more N3
4 ba~noni would have; should have; if only~ N3
5 bakari about, approximately~ N2
6 bakari only; nothing but~ N4
7 bakari ka not only.. but also; as well as~ N2
8 dake only; just; as much as~ N5
9 dano~dano and; and the like; and so forth N1
10 demo ... or something; how about~ N4
11 ga subject marker; however; but~ N5
12 ga hayai ka as soon as~ N1
13 hodo degree; extent; bounds; upper limit N3
14 hodo~nai is not as… as~ N3
15 ikura~temo no matter how~ N3
16 ka question particle N5
17 ka shira I wonder~ N4
18 ka~ka or N5
19 ka~nai ka no uchi ni just as; right after; as soon as~ N2
20 kai turns a sentence into a yes/no question N4
21 kana I wonder; should I? N4
22 kara because; since; from N5
23 kara~ni kakete through; from [A] to [B] N3
24 kedo but; however; although~ N5
25 keredo mo but; however; although~ N5
26 kiri only; just; since; after~ N3
27 kke a casual suffix to confirm something you are trying to remember N3
28 koso for sure (emphasize preceding word); precisely; definitely~ N3
29 koto (must) do N3
30 kurai / gurai approximately; about; around; to the extent~ N3
31 kuse ni and yet; although; despite the fact that~ N3
32 made until; as far as; to (an extent); even~ N5
33 mo as many as; as much as; up to; nearly~ N4
34 mo too; also; as well N5
35 mo~ba~mo and; also; as well; either/or; neither/nor N3
36 mono / mon because; indicates reason/ excuse/ dissatisfaction N2
37 mono ka / mon ka as if (something untrue were actually true); there's no way~ N2
38 monono but; although; even though~ N2
39 moshimo~tara if; in the case; supposing~ N3
40 na don’t ~ (order somebody to not do something) N4
41 naa sentence ending particle; confirmation; admiration, etc N5
42 nado such as, things like~ N4
43 nagara while; during; as; simultaneously N4
44 nagara mo but; although; despite~ N3
45 nanka; nante; nado give examples; show modesty; make light of~ N3
46 nara if; in the case that~ N4
47 nari as soon as N1
48 nari~nari or N1
49 ndesu to explain something; show emphasis N5
50 ne isn't it? right? eh? N5
51 ni destination particle; in; at; on; to N5
52 ni shite mo even if; even though; regardless of~ N3
53 ni shite wa for; considering it’s (something or someone) N3
54 ni totte to; for; concerning; as far as ... is concerned; regarding~ N3
55 ni tsuite concerning; regarding; about; on~ N3
56 ni wa for the purpose of; in order to~ N3
57 ni/e to (indicates direction / destination) N5
58 nite in, at, with, by (formal particle) N2
59 no possessive particle N5
60 no desu to explain something; show emphasis N5
61 node because of; given that; since N5
62 noni although, in spite of, even though~ N4
63 noni to (do something); in order to~ N4
64 nowa~da [A] is [B]; the reason for [A] is [B] N4
65 o / go polite marker; honorific prefix particle N5
66 o / wo object marker particle N5
67 sae even; so much as; not even N3
68 sae~ba if only; as long as N3
69 shi and; and what’s more; emphasis~ N4
70 shikanai have no choice but~ N3
71 sura / de sura even (with emphasis) N1
72 suuryou + wa at least~ N3
73 ta bakari just finished; something just occurred N4
74 ta mono da used to do; would often do N3
75 ta tokoro de even if~ N1
76 tara if; after; when~ N4
77 tari~tari do such things as A and B N5
78 tatte even if; even though; no matter how~ N3
79 te / de conjunctive particle; so; because of [A], [B]... N4
80 temo even; even if; even though~ N4
81 tewa / dewa whenever; if; when~; repetitive action N2
82 tewa~tewa repetitive situations/actions N2
83 to whenever [A] happens, [B] also happens N4
84 to and; with; as; connecting particle N5
85 to ii / tara ii it would be nice if; should; I hope~ N3
86 to iu called; named; that~ N4
87 toka (de) I heard that~ N2
88 toka~toka among other things; such as; like~ N4
89 tomo even if; no matter (who, what, when, where, why, how); though~ N2
90 toshite as~; in the role of~ N3
91 towa kagiranai not necessarily so; is not always true N3
92 tsutsu while; even though; despite~ N2
93 tte named; called~ N4
94 wa - topic marker topic marker N5
95 wa betsu toshite aside from; apart from; except for; whether or not~ N3
96 ya and; or; connecting particle N5
97 ya ina ya as soon as; the moment~ N1
98 yara~yara such things as A and B; A and B and so on~ N2
99 yo you know; emphasis (ending particle) N5
100 yori than; rather than; more than~ N4

Total Japanese Particles Lessons (103)

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