Complete Japanese Particles List

Complete Japanese Particles List

This is a complete particle list of every particle in the Japanese language organized in roman alphabetical order, labeled by JLPT level.

Japanese particles, 助詞 (joshi), are suffixes or short words in Japanese grammar that immediately follow the modified noun, verb, adjective, or sentence.

Some are similar to prepositions in English, though there is a wide variety of different uses and meanings.

Click on any of the links in the list for a full lesson with more detailed grammar information & examples of each particle.

Download full list – (patreon members only)

Japanese Particles Complete Study Guide

#RomajiJapaneseGrammar MeaningLevel
1 ba conditional form; If [A] then [B] N4
2 ba ii should, can, it’d be good if~ N3
3 ba~hodo the more… the more N3
4 ba~noni would have; should have; if only~ N3
5 bakari about, approximately~ N2
6 bakari only; nothing but~ N4
7 bakari ka not only.. but also; as well as~ N2
8 dake only; just; as much as~ N5
9 dano~dano and; and the like; and so forth~ N1
10 demo ... or something; how about~ N4
11 dokoro ka far from; anything but; let alone; not to mention; much less~ N2
12 ga subject marker; however; but~ N5
13 ga hayai ka as soon as~ N1
14 hodo degree; extent; bounds; upper limit N3
15 hodo~nai is not as… as~ N3
16 ikura~temo no matter how~ N3
17 ka question particle N5
18 ka shira I wonder~ N4
19 ka~ka or N5
20 ka~nai ka no uchi ni just as; right after; as soon as~ N2
21 kai turns a sentence into a yes/no question N4
22 kana I wonder; should I? N4
23 kara because; since; from N5
24 kara~ni kakete through; from [A] to [B] N3
25 kedo but; however; although~ N5
26 keredo mo but; however; although~ N5
27 kiri only; just; since; after~ N3
28 kke a casual suffix to confirm something you are trying to remember N3
29 koso for sure (emphasize preceding word); precisely; definitely~ N3
30 koto (must) do N3
31 kurai / gurai approximately; about; around; to the extent~ N3
32 kuse ni and yet; although; despite the fact that~ N3
33 made until; as far as; to (an extent); even~ N5
34 mo as many as; as much as; up to; nearly~ N4
35 mo too; also; as well N5
36 mo~ba~mo and; also; as well; either/or; neither/nor N3
37 mono / mon because; indicates reason/ excuse/ dissatisfaction N2
38 mono ka / mon ka as if (something untrue were actually true); there's no way~ N2
39 monono but; although; even though~ N2
40 moshimo~tara if; in the case; supposing~ N3
41 na don’t ~ (order somebody to not do something) N4
42 naa sentence ending particle; confirmation; admiration, etc N5
43 nado such as, things like~ N4
44 nagara while; during; as; simultaneously N4
45 nagara mo but; although; despite~ N3
46 nanka; nante; nado give examples; show modesty; make light of~ N3
47 nara if; in the case that~ N4
48 nari as soon as; right after N1
49 nari ni / nari no suitable; in one's own way/style N1
50 nari~nari [A] or [B] or something; for instance~ N1
51 ndesu to explain something; show emphasis N5
52 ne isn't it? right? eh? N5
53 ni destination particle; in; at; on; to N5
54 ni shite mo even if; even though; regardless of~ N3
55 ni shite wa for; considering it’s (something or someone) N3
56 ni totte to; for; concerning; as far as ... is concerned; regarding~ N3
57 ni tsuite concerning; regarding; about; on~ N3
58 ni wa for the purpose of; in order to~ N3
59 ni/e to (indicates direction / destination) N5
60 nite in, at, with, by (formal particle) N2
61 no possessive particle N5
62 no desu to explain something; show emphasis N5
63 node because of; given that; since N5
64 nomi only; nothing but​ N2
65 noni although, in spite of, even though~ N4
66 noni to (do something); in order to~ N4
67 nowa~da [A] is [B]; the reason for [A] is [B] N4
68 o / go polite marker; honorific prefix particle N5
69 o / wo object marker particle N5
70 sa ending particle; indicates assertion N1
71 sae even; so much as; not even N3
72 sae~ba if only; as long as N3
73 shi and; and what’s more; emphasis~ N4
74 shikanai have no choice but~ N3
75 sura / de sura even (with emphasis) N1
76 suuryou + wa at least~ N3
77 ta bakari just finished; something just occurred N4
78 ta mono da used to do; would often do N3
79 ta tokoro de even if~ N1
80 tara if; after; when~ N4
81 tari~tari do such things as A and B N5
82 tatte even if; even though; no matter how~ N3
83 te / de conjunctive particle; so; because of [A], [B]... N4
84 temo even; even if; even though~ N4
85 tewa / dewa whenever; if; when~; repetitive action N2
86 tewa~tewa repetitive situations/actions N2
87 to whenever [A] happens, [B] also happens N4
88 to and; with; as; connecting particle N5
89 to ii / tara ii it would be nice if; should; I hope~ N3
90 to iu called; named; that~ N4
91 toka (de) I heard that~ N2
92 toka~toka among other things; such as; like~ N4
93 tomo even if; no matter (who, what, when, where, why, how); though~ N2
94 toshite as~; in the role of~ N3
95 towa kagiranai not necessarily so; is not always true N3
96 tsutsu while; even though; despite~ N2
97 tte named; called~ N4
98 wa feminine sentence ending particle N1
99 wa - topic marker topic marker N5
100 wa betsu toshite aside from; apart from; except for; whether or not~ N3

Total Japanese Particles Lessons (109)

Page 1 of 2