JLPT N4 Grammar (ukemi kei)


passive form; passive voice

How to use

Ru-verbる -> られる
U-verb(ない form) ない -> れる
ukemi 受身形 うけみ jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: 【うけみけい】(ukemi kei). Meaning: Japanese passive form or passive voice. Often displayed as られる、される、こられる (rareru, sareru, korareru).

Passive verbs are verbs that are done to the (passive) subject.

Passive form conjugation samples


  • 食べ -> 食べ (taberareru)
  • -> 出 (derareru)
  • -> 寝 (nerareru)
  • 起き -> 起き (okirareru)
  • -> 着 (kirareru)


  • -> 聞 (kikareru)
  • -> 待 (matareru)
  • -> 飲 (nomareru)
  • -> 買 (kawareru)
  • -> 話 (hanaseru)

Important Notes

Be careful to not confuse this with , meaning the ability or inability to do something.

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

keeki ga dare ka ni taberareta.
The cake was eaten by somebody!
Example #2

minna ni hen da to iwaremasu.
Everyone tells me that I am strange.
Example #3

kono hon wa ooku no hito ni yomareteiru.
This book is being read by many people.
Example #4

watashi wa sensei ni homerare mashita.
I was praised by the teacher.
Example #5

konna osoi jikan ni korare temo komarimasu.
It's a bit inconvenient for me if you come over this late.
Example #6

yuujin ni kareshi o torareta.
My boyfriend was stolen by my best friend.
Example #7

kyou wa senpai ni 2 kai o chuuisare mashita.
I was warned twice today by my senior.
Example #8

ane ni heya no souji o tanomare mashita.
I was asked by my older sister to clean the room.

View all JLPT N4 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N4 grammar list

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