JLPT N4 Grammar (ukemi)


passive form; passive voice

How to use

Ru-verbる -> られる
U-verb(ない form) ない -> れる

Learn Japanese grammar: 【うけみ】(ukemi). Meaning: Japanese passive form or passive voice. Often displayed as られる、される、こられる (rareru, sareru, korareru).

Passive verbs are verbs that are done to the (passive) subject.

Passive form conjugation samples


  • 食べ -> 食べ (taberareru)
  • -> 出 (derareru)
  • -> 寝 (nerareru)
  • 起き -> 起き (okirareru)
  • -> 着 (kirareru)


  • -> 聞 (kikareru)
  • -> 待 (matareru)
  • -> 飲 (nomareru)
  • -> 買 (kawareru)
  • -> 話 (hanaseru)

Important Notes

Be careful to not confuse this with , meaning the ability or inability to do something.

JLPT grammar 受身形 (ukemi)  - Learn Japanese
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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

keeki ga dare ka ni taberareta.
The cake was eaten by somebody!
Example #2

minna ni hen da to iwaremasu.
Everyone tells me that I am strange.
Example #3

kono hon wa ooku no hito ni yomareteiru.
This book is being read by many people.
Example #4

watashi wa sensei ni homerare mashita.
I was praised by the teacher.
Example #5

konna osoi jikan ni korare temo komarimasu.
It's a bit inconvenient for me if you come over this late.
Example #6

yuujin ni kareshi o torareta.
My boyfriend was stolen by my best friend.
Example #7

kyou wa senpai ni 2 kai o chuuisare mashita.
I was warned twice today by my senior.
Example #8

ane ni heya no souji o tanomare mashita.
I was asked by my older sister to clean the room.

View all JLPT N4 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N4 grammar list

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