Learn JLPT N5 Grammar (na-adjectives)

How to use

presentな / だ
present negativeじゃない
ではない
pastだった
でした
past negativeじゃなかった
ではありませんでした

Learn Japanese grammar: (na-adjectives), also known as な形容詞 (na keiyoushi).

There are two kinds of adjective in Japanese, and .

The na-adjective is very simple to learn because it acts essentially like a noun and the form does not change much. Let’s look at some basic examples.

How to conjugate na-adjectives

な-adjective (present)

Let’s start with a basic adjective, 元気 【げんき】 (genki) which means energetic.

その子はげんきだ

sono ko wa genki da.

That child is energetic.

When a na-adjective is placed before a noun, a な is added at the end of the adjective.

かれはげんきな子だね。

kare wa genki na ko da ne.

He is an energetic child.

な-adjective (present negative)

その子はげんきじゃないね。

sono ko wa genki janai ne.

That child is not very energetic.

な-adjective (past)

その子はとてもげんきだったね。

sono ko wa totemogenki datta ne.

That child was really energetic.

な-adjective (past negative)

かれはあまりげんきじゃなかったね。

kare wa amari genki janakatta ne.

He wasn’t very energetic

Other common na-adjectives

  •  (genki) healthy, feeling fine
  •  (jouzu) skill, proficiency
  •  (heta) unskilled
  •  (taisetsu) important
  •  (daijoubu) safe, all right, OK
  • 静か (shizuka) silent, quiet
  • 好き (suki) like
  • 有名 (yuumei) famous
  • 奇麗 (kirei) beautiful, clean, tidy
  •  (benri) convenience, convenient
  • 不便 (fuben) inconvenient

See more N5 adjectives and more N4 adjectives.

Also see lesson on .

JLPT grammar な-adjectives (na-adjectives)  - Learn Japanese

View all JLPT N5 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N5 grammar list

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