JLPT N5 Grammar (na-adjectives)

How to use

presentな / だ
present negativeじゃない
past negativeじゃなかった
na-adjectives な形容詞 jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (na-adjectives), also known as な形容詞 (na keiyoushi).

There are two kinds of adjectives in Japanese, and .

The na-adjective is very simple to learn because it acts essentially like a noun and the form does not change much. Let’s look at some basic examples.

How to conjugate na-adjectives

な-adjective (present)

Let’s start with a basic adjective, 元気 【げんき】 (genki) which means energetic.


sono ko wa genki da.

That child is energetic.

When a na-adjective is placed before a noun, a な is added at the end of the adjective.


kare wa genki na ko da ne.

He is an energetic child.

な-adjective (present negative)


sono ko wa genki janai ne.

That child is not very energetic.

な-adjective (past)


sono ko wa totemo genki datta ne.

That child was really energetic.

な-adjective (past negative)


kare wa amari genki janakatta ne.

He wasn’t very energetic.

Other common na-adjectives

  •  (jouzu) skill, proficiency
  •  (heta) unskilled
  • 好き (suki) like
  • 有名 (yuumei) famous
  • きれい (kirei) beautiful, clean, tidy

Other References

Also see lesson on .

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