JLPT N4 Grammar (nara)

How to use

Nounなら
Verb (casual form) + (の)
な-adjective + (の)
い-adjective + (の)
nara なら なら jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (nara). Meaning: if; in the case that ~.

It can be also be used to show trust in the target (see examples 5~7).

Adding a の to become のなら adds more emphasis.


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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

もしちがうなら。
moshi chigau nara.
What if you're wrong?
Example #2

それならもんだいありません。
sore nara mondai arimasen.
If that's the case, then there are no problems.
Example #3

やるならいましかない。
yaru nara ima shika nai.
If you're gonna do it, it's now or never.
Example #4

にほんごをならいたいのなら、いいせんせいをしょうかいしてあげる。
nihongo o naraitai no nara, ii sensei o shoukai shite ageru.
If you want to learn Japanese I can introduce you to a good teacher.
Example #5

きみならかならずできる。
kimi nara kanarazu dekiru.
Since it's you, you can definitely do it!
Example #6

あのみせならなにをたべてもおいしい。
ano mise nara nani o tabetemo oishii.
No matter what you eat at that place, everything is good. (shows trust in the that shop)
Example #7

かれならいつでもちからになってくれるよ。
kare nara itsu demo chikara ni natte kureru yo.
He's always willing to help out.
Example #8

なつやすみのりょこうならほっかいどうがいいですよ。
natsu yasumi no ryokou nara hokkaidou ga ii desu yo.
If you're thinking about summer holiday plans, I think Hokkaido is great.
Example #9

あのドラマならまだみていない。
ano dorama nara mada miteinai.
If you're talking about that drama, I still haven't seen it.
Example #10

としょかんならあんないしてあげます。
toshokan nara annai shite agemasu.
If you're looking for the library, I'll help guide you there.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
違うちがうdifferent; wrong
問題もんだいproblem
いまnow
日本語にほんごJapanese language
習うならうto learn
紹介しょうかいintroduce
きみyou
必ずかならずdefinitely
みせshop
食べるたべるto eat
美味しいおいしいdelicious
かれhim; he
力になるちからになるto help out
夏休みなつやすみsummer vacation
旅行りょこうtravels
北海道ほっかいどうHokkaido
図書館としょかんlibrary
案内あんないguide

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JLPT N4 vocabulary list

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