JLPT N4 Grammar (nara)

How to use

Nounなら
Verb (casual form) + (の)
な-adjective + (の)
い-adjective + (の)
nara なら なら jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (nara). Meaning: if; in the case that~.

It can be also be used to show trust in the target (see examples 5~7).

Adding a の to become のなら adds more emphasis.


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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

もしちがうなら。
moshi chigau nara.
What if you're wrong?
Example #2

それならもんだいありません。
sore nara mondai arimasen.
If that's the case, then there are no problems.
Example #3

やるならいましかない。
yaru nara ima shika nai.
If you're gonna do it, it's now or never.
Example #4

にほんごをならいたいのなら、いいせんせいをしょうかいしてあげる。
nihongo o naraitai no nara, ii sensei o shoukai shite ageru.
If you want to learn Japanese I can introduce you to a good teacher.
Example #5

きみならかならずできる。
kimi nara kanarazu dekiru.
Since it's you, you can definitely do it!
Example #6

あのみせならなにをたべてもおいしい。
ano mise nara nani o tabetemo oishii.
No matter what you eat at that place, everything is good. (shows trust in the that shop)
Example #7

かれならいつでもちからになってくれるよ。
kare nara itsu demo chikara ni natte kureru yo.
He's always willing to help out.
Example #8

なつやすみのりょこうならほっかいどうがいいですよ。
natsu yasumi no ryokou nara hokkaidou ga ii desu yo.
If you're thinking about summer holiday plans, I think Hokkaido is great.
Example #9

あのドラマならまだみていない。
ano dorama nara mada miteinai.
If you're talking about that drama, I still haven't seen it.
Example #10

としょかんならあんないしてあげます。
toshokan nara annai shite agemasu.
If you're looking for the library, I'll help guide you there.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
違うちがうdifferent; wrong
問題もんだいproblem
いまnow
日本語にほんごJapanese language
習うならうto learn
紹介しょうかいintroduce
きみyou
必ずかならずdefinitely
みせshop
食べるたべるto eat
美味しいおいしいdelicious
かれhim; he
力になるちからになるto help out
夏休みなつやすみsummer vacation
旅行りょこうtravels
北海道ほっかいどうHokkaido
図書館としょかんlibrary
案内あんないguide

View all JLPT N4 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N4 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N4 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N4 grammar list

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