JLPT N3 Grammar (to sureba / to shitara / to suru to)


in the case of~; assuming~; if A then B

How to use

Verb (casual)とすれば
Noun + だ
な-adjective + だ
to sureba とすれば jlpt n3 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (to sureba) / (to shitara) / (to suru to). Meaning: in the case of~; assuming~; if A then B (conditional).

These are all conditional grammar patterns. Meaning if [A] happens, then [B] will also happen.

These three patterns are mostly interchangeable, though there are some slight differences:

  • とすれば (to sureba)
    • examples 1~3.
  • としたら (to shitara) = more colloquial.
    • examples 4~6.
  • とすると (to suru to) = seems more likely to happen.
    • examples 7~9.

NOTE: Using (to suru to), can give a bit of a stronger implication that the action is more likely to happen.

to sureba とすれば jlpt n3 grammar meaning 文法 例文 learn japanese flashcards

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

erabu to sureba, boku wa kore da na.
If I were to choose, I would go with this.
Example #2

soko made aruite iku to sureba, 40 pun kurai kakaru darou.
If we go by walking, it will likely take about 40 minutes.
Example #3

moshi kuruma o kaikaeru to sureba, tsugi wa amerika no kuruma ga hoshii.
If I were to buy a new car, I would want to get an American car.
Example #4

ichinichi 25 jikan da to shitara, nani o shimasu ka?
If there were 25 hours in a day, what would you do?
Example #5

densha de iku to shitara, jikan wa dono kurai kakarimasu ka?
Assuming we go by train, about how much time will it take?
Example #6

sono hanashi ga hontou da to shitara, ureshii desu.
If that story is true, then I'd be really happy!
Example #7

sono hanashi ga hontou da to suru to, taihen na koto da.
If that story is true, then that's pretty serious..
Example #8

kore o koukuubin de okuru to suru to ikura kakarimasu ka?
How much would it cost to send this by airmail?
Example #9

kare ga hannin da to suru to, nanzai o okashita douki wa nandarou.
If we assume that he is the culprit, then what is his motive?

Vocabulary List

歩くあるくto walk
買い換えるかいかえるto buy replacement; buy new
犯人はんにんcriminal; suspect
犯すおかすto commit (crime)
大変たいへんterrible; serious

View all JLPT N3 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N3 vocabulary list

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