JLPT N3 Grammar (to sureba / to shitara / to suru to)

Meaning

in the case of~; assuming~; if A then B

How to use

Verb (casual)とすれば
としたら
とすると
Noun + だ
な-adjective + だ
い-adjective
to sureba とすれば jlpt n3 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (to sureba) / (to shitara) / (to suru to). Meaning: in the case of~; assuming~; if A then B (conditional).

These are all conditional grammar patterns. Meaning if [A] happens, then [B] will also happen.

These three patterns are mostly interchangeable, though there are some slight differences:

  • とすれば (to sureba)
    • examples 1~3.
  • としたら (to shitara) = more colloquial.
    • examples 4~6.
  • とすると (to suru to) = seems more likely to happen.
    • examples 7~9.

NOTE: Using (to suru to), can give a bit of a stronger implication that the action is more likely to happen.


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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

えらぶとすれば、ぼくはこれだな。
erabu to sureba, boku wa kore da na.
If I were to choose, I would go with this.
Example #2

そこまであるいていくとすれば、40ぷんくらいかかるだろう。
soko made aruite iku to sureba, 40 pun kurai kakaru darou.
If we go by walking, it will likely take about 40 minutes.
Example #3

もしくるまをかいかえるとすれば、つぎはアメリカのくるまがほしい。
moshi kuruma o kaikaeru to sureba, tsugi wa amerika no kuruma ga hoshii.
If I were to buy a new car, I would want to get an American car.
Example #4

いちにち25じかんだとしたら、なにをしますか?
ichinichi 25 jikan da to shitara, nani o shimasu ka?
If there were 25 hours in a day, what would you do?
Example #5

でんしゃでいくとしたら、じかんはどのくらいかかりますか。
densha de iku to shitara, jikan wa dono kurai kakarimasu ka?
Assuming we go by train, about how much time will it take?
Example #6

そのはなしがほんとうだとしたら、うれしいです!
sono hanashi ga hontou da to shitara, ureshii desu.
If that story is true, then I'd be really happy!
Example #7

そのはなしがほんとうだとすると、たいへんなことだ。
sono hanashi ga hontou da to suru to, taihen na koto da.
If that story is true, then that's pretty serious..
Example #8

これをこうくうびんでおくるとするといくらかかりますか?
kore o koukuubin de okuru to suru to ikura kakarimasu ka?
How much would it cost to send this by airmail?
Example #9

かれがはんにんだとすると、なんざいをおかしたどうきはなんだろう。
kare ga hannin da to suru to, nanzai o okashita douki wa nandarou.
If we assume that he is the culprit, then what is his motive?

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
歩くあるくto walk
買い換えるかいかえるto buy replacement; buy new
つぎnext
欲しいほしいwant
本当ほんとうtrue
嬉しいうれしいhappy
かれhe
犯人はんにんcriminal; suspect
犯罪はんざいcrime
犯すおかすto commit (crime)
動機どうきmotive
大変たいへんterrible; serious

View all JLPT N3 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N3 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N3 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N3 grammar list

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