JLPT N4 Grammar (saserareru)


causative-passive; to be made to do something

How to use

Verb (causative form させ)られる
saserareru させられる jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (saserareru). Meaning: causative-passive form; to be made to do something.

This is a combination of the Japanese “to make somebody do something” with the “to have done something”.

This becomes ‘causative passive form’, or in Japanese ‘使役受け身動詞’ (shieki ukemi doushi).

How to conjugate Causative Passive Form

First, you must conjugate the .

Step 2, replace the final る with られる.

  • 食べ → 食べ → 食べさせ
  • → 行 → 行かせ

Common う verbs (a + せられる)

  • 飲む -> 飲 (のませられる)
  • 書く -> 書 (かかせられる)
  • 読む -> 読 (よませられる)
  • 帰る -> 帰 (かえらせられる)
  • 聞く -> 聞 (きかれせられる)

Common る verbs (させられる)

  • 食べる -> 食べ (たべさせられる)
  • 起きる -> 起き (おきさせられる)
  • 寝る -> 寝 (ねさせられる)
  • 見る -> 見 (みさせられる)

Shorter version in spoken Japanese

Some verbs may use a shorter version in spoken Japanese.

For example, 飲まされる (のまされる) is commonly used when speaking, while 飲ませられる (のませられる) is more commonly used in written Japanese.

Another example is 待たされる (またされる) for spoken Japanese and 待たせられる (またせられる) for written Japanese.

saserareru させられる jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 learn japanese flashcards

Click the image to download the flashcard.
Download all N4 grammar flashcards.

JLPT Grammar E-Book Download

Download our complete
JLPT N4 Grammar Master E-book.

become a patron

Access ALL extra downloads, ebooks, and study guides by supporting JLPT Sensei on Patreon.

- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

shigoto o yame saserareta.
I was forced to quit my job.
Example #2

musuko wa taigaku saserareta.
My son was expelled from school.
Example #3

kanojo ni 2 jikan mo mata serareta.
She made me wait over 2 hours.
Example #4

sono eiga wa kangae saserareru.
That movie makes you think.
Example #5

mainichi haha ni yasai o tabe saserareru.
Every day, my mother forces me to eat vegetables.
Example #6

fianse no otousan ni osake o nomaserareta.
My fiance's father made me to drink alcohol with him.
Example #7

oya ni mainichi shukudai o saserareru.
I am made to do my homework everyday by my parents.
Example #8

shuumatsu ni wa kazoku no resutoran de tetsuda waserareru.
On weekends, I am forced to help out with the family restaurant.
Example #9

kare wa shiten kara shiten e to tenkin sase rareta.
He was forced to transfer from one company branch to another.

Vocabulary List

毎日まいにちevery day
食べるたべるto eat
飲むのむto drink
家族のレストランかぞくのれすとらんfamily's restaurant
手伝うてつだうto help

View all JLPT N4 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N4 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N4 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N4 Study Guide

JLPT N4 Grammar Master [e-book]

Complete Study Guide

This e-book includes every grammar point you need to know in order to pass the JLPT N4, with detailed usage notes and numerous example sentences.

Pages: 293.
Grammar lessons: 131.

Download ebook

N4 Flashcards