JLPT N4 Grammar (koto ga aru)

How to use

Verb (casual, non-past)ことがある
こともある
ことがあります
こともあります
koto ga aru ことがある ことがある jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (koto ga aru). Meaning: there are times when ~; sometimes do.

(koto ga aru) is used to say:

  • there are times when ~
  • sometimes do ~
  • to have things to do (examples 9~10)

It must be used with a non-past verb.


koto ga aru ことがある ことがある jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 learn japanese flashcards

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

たまにかのじょといっしょにテニスをしにいくことがる。
tamani kanojo to isshoni tenisu o shini iku koto ga aru.
Sometimes I go to play tennis with my girlfriend.
Example #2

たまにじてんしゃでつうきんすることがある。
tamani jitensha de tsuukin suru koto ga aru.
Sometimes I commute to work by bicycle.
Example #3

わたしはかいぎちゅうでも、ねてしまうことがある。
watashi wa kaigichuu demo, nete shimau koto ga aru.
Sometimes I fall asleep during meetings.
Example #4

ときどきしごとをやめたいとおもうことがある。
tokidoki shigoto o yametai to omou koto ga aru.
There are times when I feel like quitting my job.
Example #5

わたしのじもとは6がつでもさむいことがある。
watashi no jimoto wa roku gatsu demo samui koto ga aru.
In my hometown there are times where it is cold even in June.
Example #6

ふだんはははがごはんをつくりますが、わたしがつくることもあります。
fudan wa haha ga gohan o tsukurimasu ga, watashi ga tsukuru koto mo arimasu.
My mother usually cooks, but there are times when I do as well.
Example #7

ときどきベトナムりょうりをつくることがあります。
tokidoki betonamu ryouri o tsukuru koto ga arimasu.
Sometimes I cook Vietnamese food.
Example #8

たまにひとのなまえをわすれることがあります。
tamani hito no namae o wasureru koto ga arimasu.
There are times when I forget people's names.
Example #9

はなしたいことがある。
hanashitai koto ga aru.
There's something I'd like to talk to you about
Example #10

こんしゅうはたくさんのやることがあります。
konshuu takusan no yaru koto ga arimasu.
This week there are a lot of thins for me to do.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
たまにsometimes
彼女かのじょgirlfriend; her; she
行くいくto go
自転車じてんしゃbicycle
通勤つうきんcommute
わたしI
会議中かいぎちゅうduring the meeting
寝るねるto sleep
時々ときどきsometimes
仕事しごとwork
辞めるやめるto quit
思うおもうto think
地元じもとhometown
寒いさむいcold
普段ふだんnormally
ご飯を作るごはんをつくるto make a meal
料理りょうりcooking; food
名前なまえname
忘れるわすれるto forget
話すはなすto speak; to say
今週こんしゅうthis week
沢山たくさんa lot

View all JLPT N4 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N4 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N4 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N4 grammar list

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