Complete Japanese Conjunctions List

Complete Japanese Conjunctions List

Japanese grammar conjunctions list jlpt

Conjunctions are words that connect phrases, clauses, or sentences together.

This is a complete list of Japanese conjunctions and their meanings arranged by JLPT level from beginner N5 to advanced N1.

Click on any of the lessons in the table to see more detail about that grammar point, with formation rules and example sentences.

Japanese Conjunctions Complete Study Guide

# Romaji Japanese Grammar Meaning Level
1 aruiwa or; either; maybe; perhaps; possibly~ N2
2 ba ii should, can, it’d be good if~ N3
3 chinamini by the way; in this connection; incidentally; (conjunction) N2
4 dakedo however; but N3
5 datte because; but; after all; even; too N2
6 demo but; however; though~ N5
7 ga subject marker; however; but~ N5
8 ippou de on one hand, on the other hand; although~ N2
9 jaa then; well; so; well then N5
10 ka~ka or N5
11 kara because; since; from N5
12 kawari ni instead of; as a substitute for​; in exchange for; in return for N3
13 kedo but; however; although~ N5
14 keredo mo but; however; although~ N5
15 korekara after this N4
16 koto wa~ga although; but~ N3
17 kuse ni and yet; although; despite the fact that~ N3
18 kuse shite although~; despite the fact that~; even though~ N2
19 matawa both; or; otherwise​; choice between [A] or [B] N4
20 mo~ba~mo and; also; as well; either/or; neither/nor N3
21 mono dakara so; therefore; the reason for something N2
22 moshimo~tara if; in the case; supposing~ N3
23 motto mo but then; although; though~ N2
24 nao still; yet​; furthermore; in addition~ N2
25 nara if; in the case that~ N4
26 nazenara because; the reason is; if you want to know why N3
27 ni kagirazu not just; not only.. but also~ N2
28 ni tsurete as; in proportion to; with; as… then~ N3
29 nimo kakawarazu despite; in spite of; nevertheless; although~ N2
30 node because of; given that; since N5
31 noni although, in spite of, even though~ N4
32 omake ni to make matters worse; besides; what's more; in addition; on top of that​ N2
33 oyobi and; as well as~ N2
34 saa well… N5
35 sara ni furthermore; again; more and more~ N3
36 sate conjunction: well; now; then~ N3
37 shi and; and what’s more; emphasis~ N4
38 shikamo moreover; furthermore; and yet; what’s more~ N2
39 shikashi but; however~ N5
40 sono tame ni hence; for that reason; because of~ N3
41 sono ue besides; in addition; furthermore~ N2
42 sore de because of that N4
43 sore demo but still; and yet; even so~ N4
44 sore kara and; and then; after that; since then N5
45 sore na noni and yet; despite this; but even so~ N2
46 sore nara if that’s the case; if so~ N2
47 sore ni besides; in addition; also; moreover~ N4
48 soretomo or; or else~ N3
49 soshite and; and then; thus; and now~ N5
50 sunawachi in other words; namely~ N3
51 tame ni for; in order to; for the benefit of; because of; as a result of~ N3
52 tara if; after; when~ N4
53 tara dou why don't you (used to give advice) N4
54 tara ii desu ka what should I do?; speaker seeking instructions from listener N4
55 tatoeba for example; for instance~ N3
56 te / de conjunctive particle; so; because of [A], [B]... N4
57 te demo even if I have to; by all means~ N2
58 to whenever [A] happens, [B] also happens N4
59 to and; with; as; connecting particle N5
60 to douji ni at the same time as; while; simultaneously~ N2
61 to ii / tara ii it would be nice if; should; I hope~ N3
62 to itta like; such as~ N2
63 to ittemo although I say; although one might say~ N3
64 to ittemo ii you could say; one might say; I'd say~ N4
65 to iu nowa this means; the meaning of … is; because; that is to say~ N3
66 to iu to speaking of; when you talk of; when you say~ N3
67 to sureba / to shitara / to suru to in the case of~; assuming~; if A then B N3
68 toka (de) I heard that~ N2
69 toka~toka among other things; such as; like~ N4
70 tokoro de by the way~ N3
71 tokoro ga even so; however; even though~ N3
72 ue wa now that; since; as long as~ N2
73 wa~ga... wa [A] but [B]; however; comparison N4
74 ya and; or; connecting particle N5

Total Japanese Conjunctions Lessons (74)

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