JLPT N4 Grammar (aida)

Meaning

while; during; between

How to use

Verb (dictionary form)
Noun + の
aida 間 あいだ jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: 【あいだ】(aida). Meaning: while; during; between.

Meaning 1) while/during

This is used when you do something the whole time during a certain period of time, so it is often paired together with words like ずっと “continuously”.

densha ni notteiru aida, zutto hon o yonde imashita.

I read a book the entire time I was on the train.

Instead if you want to say something happened at one point “during” some time, use .

Meaning 2) between

This can express the physical space between [A] and [B].

nagoya wa toukyou to oosaka no aida ni arimasu.

Nagoya is in between Tokyo and Osaka.

Or the time between [A] and [B].

ku ji kara go ji made no aida, shigoto desu.

I work from 9 to 5.


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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

きのうは、いえにいるあいだ、ずっとテレビをみていました。
kinou wa, ie ni iru aida, zutto terebi o miteimashita.
Yesterday, while I was home I watched TV the entire time.
Example #2

にほんにいるあいだは、まいにちにほんごをはなすつもりです。
nihon ni iru aida wa, mainichi nihongo o hanasu tsumori desu.
I plan to speak Japanese everyday while I am in Japan.
Example #3

サイクリングをしているあいだ、ずっとあめがふっていました。
saikuringu o shiteiru aida, zutto ame ga futteimashita.
It rained the entire time I was cycling.
Example #4

しょくじのあいだ、かのじょといっしょにえいがをみました。
shokuji no aida, kanojo to isshoni eiga o mimashita.
While eating dinner, I watched a movie together with my girlfriend.
Example #5

がっこうにいるあいだは、スマホをつかってはいけません。
gakkou ni iru aida wa, sumaho o tsukatte wa ikemasen.
We can't use our smartphones while in school.
Example #6

バスにのっているあいだ、ずっとねていました。
basu ni notteiru aida, zutto neteimashita.
I slept the entire time I was on the bus.
Example #7

ばすをまっているあいだ、うしろのおばあさんとはなしをしていました。
basu o matteiru aida, ushiro no obaasan to hanashi o shiteimashita.
While waiting for the bus, I spoke to the elderly lady behind me.
Example #8

にほんにいるあいだはわたしのいえにとまって。
nihon ni iru aida wa watashi no ie ni tomatte.
You can stay at my house while you are in Japan.
Example #9

あなたがここにいるあいだはわたしがいろいろあんないしてあげましょう。
anata ga koko ni iru aida wa watashi ga iroiro annai shite agemashou.
I'll show you around while you are here.
Example #10

このふたりのあいだにどのようなかんけいがうまれますか?
kono futari no aida ni dono youna kankei ga umaremasu ka?
What kind of relationship will develop between the two of them?

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
電車でんしゃtrain; electric train
あめrain
学校がっこうschool
日本にほんJapan
いえhouse, residence, family

View all JLPT N4 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N4 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N4 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N4 grammar list

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