JLPT N4 Grammar (aida)


while; during; between ~

How to use

Verb (dictionary form)
Noun + の
aida 間 あいだ jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: 【あいだ】(aida). Meaning: while; during; between ~.

Meaning 1) while/during

This is used when you do something the whole time during a certain period of time, so it is often paired together with words like ずっと “continuously”.

densha ni notteiru aida, zutto hon o yonde imashita.

I read a book the entire time I was on the train.

Instead if you want to say something happened at one point “during” some time, use .

Meaning 2) between

This can express the physical space between [A] and [B].

nagoya wa toukyou to oosaka no aida ni arimasu.

Nagoya is in between Tokyo and Osaka.

Or the time between [A] and [B].

ku ji kara go ji made no aida, shigoto desu.

I work from 9 to 5.

Extra Notes

The kanji 間 can sometimes be read as ま (ma) to express a similar meaning as あいだ (aida). However, this reading is only used in some set phrases or to express something more figurative (usually time related).

neru ma mo nai hodo isogashii.

I’m too busy to sleep.

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

kinou wa, ie ni iru aida, zutto terebi o miteimashita.
Yesterday, while I was home I watched TV the entire time.
Example #2

nihon ni iru aida wa, mainichi nihongo o hanasu tsumori desu.
I plan to speak Japanese everyday while I am in Japan.
Example #3

saikuringu o shiteiru aida, zutto ame ga futteimashita.
It rained the entire time I was cycling.
Example #4

shokuji no aida, kanojo to isshoni eiga o mimashita.
While eating dinner, I watched a movie together with my girlfriend.
Example #5

gakkou ni iru aida wa, sumaho o tsukatte wa ikemasen.
We can't use our smartphones while in school.
Example #6

basu ni notteiru aida, zutto neteimashita.
I slept the entire time I was on the bus.
Example #7

basu o matteiru aida, ushiro no obaasan to hanashi o shiteimashita.
While waiting for the bus, I spoke to the elderly lady behind me.
Example #8

nihon ni iru aida wa watashi no ie ni tomatte.
You can stay at my house while you are in Japan.
Example #9

anata ga koko ni iru aida wa watashi ga iroiro annai shite agemashou.
I'll show you around while you are here.
Example #10

kono futari no aida ni dono youna kankei ga umaremasu ka?
What kind of relationship will develop between the two of them?

Vocabulary List

電車でんしゃtrain; electric train
いえhouse, residence, family

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JLPT N4 vocabulary list

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