JLPT N4 Grammar (aida ni)

Meaning

while/during~ something happened

How to use

Verb (casual, non-past)間に
Noun + の
い-adjective + い
な-adjective + な
aida ni 間に あいだに jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: 【あいだに】(aida ni). Meaning: while/during~ something happened.

Meaning 1) doing with intent while~

This is very similar to , but one difference is that it can also show intent. That you intentionally chose to do something during some time or take advantage of an opportunity.

matteiru aida ni hon o yonda.

I read a book while I waited.

This expresses that you took advantage of the time you were waiting to read a book.

Meaning 2) while/during [A] something happened

This can also express something that happened while or during a time period that is not in your control.

neteiru aida ni yume o mimashita.

I had a dream while I was sleeping.

Having a dream is something that is out of our control, so this simply expresses that the dream had happened during the period you were asleep.


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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

よるのあいだにかじがおこった。
yoru no aida ni kaji ga okotta.
A fire broke out during the night.
Example #2

しらないあいだにねていた。
shiranai aida ni neteita.
I fell asleep before I even realized it.
Example #3

にほんにいるあいだに、にほんごがじょうずになりたいです。
nihon ni iru aida ni, nihongo ga jouzu ni naritai desu.
I want to get good at Japanese while I'm in Japan.
Example #4

やすみのあいだにかんじを200こおぼえた。
yasumi no aida ni kanji o ni hyaku ko oboeta.
I memorized 200 kanji over the break.
Example #5

せんせいがいないあいだにスマホをみていた。
sensei ga inai aida ni, sumaho o miteita.
I looked at my smartphone while the teacher was gone.
Example #6

わたしがりょうりをしているあいだにでんわがなった。
watashi ga ryouri o shiteiru aida ni denwa ga natta.
The phone rang while I was cooking.
Example #7

きのう、わたしはかいものをしているあいだにじてんしゃをぬすまれた。
kinou, watashi wa kaimono o shiteiru aida ni jitensha o nusumareta.
Yesterday my bicycle was stolen while I was doing some shopping.
Example #8

なつやすみのあいだに、ふくしゅうしておいてくださいね。
natsuyasumi no aida ni, fukushuu shite oite kudasai.
Please make sure to review over summer break.
Example #9

でんしゃをまっているあいだにこのざっしでもよんでください。
densha o matteiru aida ni kono zasshi demo yonde kudasai.
Please feel free to read this magazine while you are waiting on the train.
Example #10

かれはしゅじゅつをうけているあいだにしんだ。
kare wa shujutsu o uketeiru aida ni shinda.
He died while undergoing surgery.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
日本にほんJapan
上手じょうずskillful; skilled; proficient; good (at)
電車でんしゃtrain; electric train
休みやすみrest; vacation; holiday

View all JLPT N4 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N4 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N4 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N4 grammar list

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