JLPT N1 Grammar (temae)

Meaning

considering; before; in front of; one’s standpoint

How to use

Verb (casual)手前
Noun + の

Learn Japanese grammar: 【てまえ】(temae). Meaning: considering; before; in front of; one’s standpoint.

JLPT grammar 手前 (temae)  - Learn Japanese
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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

じぶんがいちばんわかいてまえ、みなのおちゃをいれるのはとうぜんだ。
jibun ga ichiban wakai temae, mina no ocha o ireru no wa touzen da.
Since I am the youngest, it is only natural that I am the one who prepare's everyone's tea.
Example #2

ねつがあるからがっこうをやすむといってしまったてまえ、そとにでてだれかにみられてはまずい。
netsu ga aru kara gakkou o yasumu to itte shimatta temae, soto ni dete dare ka ni mirarete wa mazui.
Considering I said I couldn't go to school because I have a fever, it would be bad if someone spotted me going outside.
Example #3

おまかせしますといったてまえ、ともだちがかってきたべんとうがいやとはいえなかった。
omakase shimasu to itta temae, tomodachi ga katte kita bentou ga iya to wa ienakatta.
Since I left it up to my friend's judgement, I can't say that I don't like the bento lunch box he bought for me.
Example #4

このしごとはせんせいにしょうかいしてもらったてまえ、すぐにはやめることはできない。
kono shigoto wa sensei ni shoukai shite moratta temae, sugu ni wa yameru koto wa dekinai.
Considering my teacher introduced this job to me, there's now way I can quit right away.
Example #5

やくそくしたてまえ、たとえゆきがふってもいかないわけにはいかない。
yakusoku shita temae, tatoe yuki ga futtemo ikanai wake niwa ikanai.
Considering you made a promise, even if it for example it snows, you must still go.
Example #6

こどもたちのてまえ、このことをしらないとはいえない。
kodomo tachi no temae, kono koto o shiranai towa ienai.
For the children, they can't say they don't know about this.
Example #7

ジムではたらいているてまえ、ふとるわけにはいかない。
jimu de hataraite iru temae, futoru wake niwa ikanai.
For someone working at a gym, there's no way they should gain weight.
Example #8

5がつまつまでにもんだいをかいけつするとやくそくしたてまえ、どうしてもがんばらなければならない。
5 gatsumatsu made ni mondai o kaiketsu suru to yakusoku shita temae, doushitemo ganbaranakereba naranai.
I made a promise that I would resolve this problem by the end of May, so I must do so no matter what.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
自分じぶんmyself; yourself; oneself; himself; herself; i; me
一番いちばんnumber one; first; 1st, first place​; best; most​
入れるいれるto put in; to let in; to take in; to bring in; to insert; to install
学校がっこうschool
休むやすむto be absent; to take a day off; to rest
仕事しごとwork; job; business
先生せんせいteacher; instructor; master

View all JLPT N1 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N1 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N1 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N1 grammar list