JLPT N4 Grammar (ikou kei - volitional form)

Meaning

volitional form​; let's do ~.

How to use

see conjugation rules below...
ikou kei 意向形 いこうけい jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: 【いこうけい】(ikou kei). Meaning: volitional form​; let’s do ~.

This grammar turns verbs from statements into suggestions.

How to create volitional form:

A) る-verbs

Remove the final る (ru) syllable and replace it with よう (you).

食べ → 食べよう (taberu → tabeyou) let’s eat

To be more polite, add ましょう (mashou) instead.

食べ → 食べましょう (taberu → tabemashou) let’s eat


B) う-verbs

Change the final vowel to (o) and add a singular (u) to the end.

 → 読もう (yomu → yomou) let’s read

 → 買おう (kau → kaou) let’s buy

To be more polite, change the final vowel to (i) and add ましょう (mashou) to the end.

 → 読みましょう (yomu → yomimashou) let’s read

 → 買いましょう (kau → kaimashou) let’s buy


C) Irregular Verbs

する → しよう (suru → shiyou) let’s do..

する → しましょう (suru → shimashou) let’s do..

来る → 来よう (kuru → koyou) let’s come/go

来る → 来ましょう (kuru → kimashou) let’s come/go

ikou kei 意向形 いこうけい jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 learn japanese flashcards

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

きょうからじてんしゃでしゅっきんしよう。
kyou kara jitensha de shukkin shiyou.
Let's start commuting by bicycle from today!
Example #2

もう11じだ。はやくねよう。
mou 11 ji da. Hayaku neyou.
It's already 11pm, let's hurry and go to sleep.
Example #3

おもたいそうだね。てつだおうか。
omotai sou da ne. Tetsudaou ka?
That looks heavy, shall I give you a hand?
Example #4

きょうはしょくどうでちゅうしょくをたべよう。
kyou wa shokudou de chuushoku o tabeyou.
Let's eat lunch at the dining room today.
Example #5

としょかんでいっしょにべんきょうしよう。
toshokan de issho ni benkyou shiyou.
Let's study together at the library.
Example #6

あしたはしゅうまつですから、のみにいこう。
ashita wa shuumatsu desu kara, nomi ni ikou.
Tomorrow is the end of the week, so let's go out for some drinks.
Example #7

あめがふっているよ。えきまでおくってあげようか?
ame ga futte iru yo. eki made okutte ageyou ka?
It's raining.. Shall I give you a lift to the station?

View all JLPT N4 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N4 grammar list

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