JLPT N4 Grammar (ikou kei - volitional form)


volitional form​; let's do~

How to use

see conjugation rules below...
ikou kei 意向形 いこうけい jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: 【いこうけい】(ikou kei). Meaning: volitional form​; let’s do ~.

This grammar turns verbs from statements into suggestions.

How to create volitional form:

A) る-verbs

Remove the final る (ru) syllable and replace it with よう (you).

食べ → 食べよう (taberu → tabeyou) let’s eat

To be more polite, add ましょう (mashou) instead.

食べ → 食べましょう (taberu → tabemashou) let’s eat

B) う-verbs

Change the final vowel to (o) and add a singular (u) to the end.

 → 読もう (yomu → yomou) let’s read

 → 買おう (kau → kaou) let’s buy

To be more polite, change the final vowel to (i) and add ましょう (mashou) to the end.

 → 読みましょう (yomu → yomimashou) let’s read

 → 買いましょう (kau → kaimashou) let’s buy

C) Irregular Verbs

する → しよう (suru → shiyou) let’s do..

する → しましょう (suru → shimashou) let’s do..

来る → 来よう (kuru → koyou) let’s come/go

来る → 来ましょう (kuru → kimashou) let’s come/go

ikou kei 意向形 いこうけい jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 learn japanese flashcards

Click the image to download the flashcard.
Download all N4 grammar flashcards.

JLPT Grammar E-Book Download

Download our complete
JLPT N4 Grammar Master E-book.

become a patron

Access ALL extra downloads, ebooks, and study guides by supporting JLPT Sensei on Patreon.

- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

kyou kara jitensha de shukkin shiyou.
Let's start commuting by bicycle from today!
Example #2

mou 11 ji da. Hayaku neyou.
It's already 11pm, let's hurry and go to sleep.
Example #3

omotai sou da ne. Tetsudaou ka?
That looks heavy, shall I give you a hand?
Example #4

kyou wa shokudou de chuushoku o tabeyou.
Let's eat lunch at the dining room today.
Example #5

toshokan de issho ni benkyou shiyou.
Let's study together at the library.
Example #6

ashita wa shuumatsu desu kara, nomi ni ikou.
Tomorrow is the end of the week, so let's go out for some drinks.
Example #7

ame ga futte iru yo. eki made okutte ageyou ka?
It's raining.. Shall I give you a lift to the station?

View all JLPT N4 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N4 grammar list

Recommended JLPT N4 Books

Nihongo So-matome: JLPT N4 Grammar

This book covers all of the JLPT N4 Grammar in 6 weeks! (It also includes reading and listening practice)
See price on Amazon

GENKI II: An Integrated Course in Elementary Japanese

This is the best all around book for beginners learning Japanese in English. I used this in my first year studying Japanese. I found it to be far better and easier to use than the many other books I was using. This is the second book in the series and should cover most of what you need to pass JLPT N4.
See price on Amazon

Kanzen Master Jlpt Grammar N4

This book covers all of the grammar that you need to know to pass the JLPT N4, and includes great practice excercises. One down side though, is it's mostly in Japanese, but that will help you in the long run.
See price on Amazon

Jlpt N4 Japanese Lauguage Proficiency Test Official Practice Test

This is the official practice test of the JLPT N4. I highly recommend doing at least 1 practice test before taking the real test.
See price on Amazon