JLPT N1 Grammar (you ga / you to)

Meaning

even if; no matter how/what ~

How to use

Verb (volitional)
と(も)
Noun + だろう/であろう
な-adjective + だろう/であろう
い-adjective + かろう

Learn Japanese grammar: (you ga / you to). Meaning: even if; no matter how/what ~.

This is often preceded with an adverb like (いくら、どう、どんなに, etc.).

No matter how

ikura samu karou to(mo)

no matter how cold it may be

No matter where

doko e ikou to(mo)

no matter where you go

Whatever

dou narou ga

whatever happens

JLPT grammar ようが / ようと (you ga / you to)  - Learn Japanese
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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

きみがなんさいであろうがかんけいない。しごとができればいい。
kimi ga nansai de arou ga kankei nai. shigoto ga dekireba ii.
As long as you can do the job, it doesn't matter how old you are.
Example #2

だれとけっこんしようが、わたしのかってでしょ。
dare to kekkon shiyou ga, watashi no katte desho.
Who I marry is my choice.
Example #3

あなたがどんなにあやまろうとも、こんかいはゆるしません。
anata ga donnani ayamarou tomo, konkai wa yurushimasen.
Now matter how much you apologize, I'm not going to forgive you this time.
Example #4

このマンションはどんなにさわごうとも、そとからはなにもきこえません。
kono manshon wa donnani sawagou tomo, soto kara wa nanimo kikoemasen.
No matter how loud you are in this apartment, you can't hear anything from outside.
Example #5

ひつようだから、どんなにたかろうがこれをかわないといけません。
hitsuyou dakara, donnani takakarou ga kore wo kawanaito ikemasen.
It's necessary, so I will buy it no matter how high the price may be.
Example #6

ぼくがなにをしようがかってだ。あなたにいうひつようはない。
boku ga nani wo shiyou ga katte da. anata ni iu hitsuyou wa nai.
Whatever I do is my choice and none of your business.
Example #7

電車が遅れたせいで、どんなに急ごうと、飛行機の時間に間に合いそうにない。
densha ga okureta sei de, donna ni isogou to, hikouki no jikan ni ma ni ai sou ni nai.
Because the train is running late, no matter how much I hurry it doesn't look like I will make the flight on time.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
寒いさむいcold
謝るあやまるto apologize
許すゆるすto forgive
騒ぐさわぐto be noisy
そとoutside
何歳なんさいwhat age
関係かんけいrelationship
必要ひつようnecessary
勝手かってone's way; selfish

View all JLPT N1 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N1 vocabulary list

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JLPT N1 grammar list