JLPT N5 Grammar (ya)

How to use

Noun + や + Noun
ya や connecting particle jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (ya). Meaning: and; or; connecting particle. The particle  is used to list multiple things and imply there are other items that could be included in the list.

It is very similar to the grammar , which also means “and”. The main difference being と only lists the actual items listed, and や implies the listed items are not complete.


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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

まいあさ、パンやベーコンなどをたべています。
mai asa, pan ya beekon nado o tabeteimasu.
Every morning I eat bread and bacon and so on.
Example #2

スーパーでにくややさいをかいました。
suupaa de niku ya yasai o kaimashita.
I bought some meat and vegetables (and so on) from the supermarket.
Example #3

あなたのおすすめのおんがくやほんをわたしにおしえてください。
anata no osusume no ongaku ya hon o watashi ni oshiete kudasai.
Please tell me your recommended music or books.
Example #4

でんしゃやバスでのたびはすきです。
densha ya basu de no tabi wa suki desu.
I like traveling by train and bus (and so on).
Example #5

わたしはアメリカやイギリスのテレビドラマをみるのがすきです。
watashi wa amerika ya igirisu no terebi dorama o miru no ga suki desu.
I like watching American and British dramas (among others).
Example #6

ふゆやすみはかぞくでながのやほっかいどうへいきます。
fuyu yasumi wa kazoku de nagano ya hokkaidou e ikimasu.
During winter vacation my family often goes to places like Nagano or Hokkaido.
Example #7

わたしはすうがくやかがくなどがすきです。
watashi wa suugaku ya kagaku nado ga suki desu.
I like subjects like math, chemistry and so on.
Example #8

あきにははがあかやきいろにかわる。
aki niwa ha ga aka ya kiiro ni kawaru.
The leaves turn red and yellow in fall.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
いぬdog(s)
ねこcat(s)
好きすきlike
毎朝まいあさevery morning
食べるたべるto eat
にくmeat
野菜やさいvegetables
買うかうto buy
おすすめrecommendation
音楽おんがくmusic
ほんbook
わたしI; me
教えるおしえるto teach
下さいくださいplease
電車でんしゃtrain
たびtrip; travel
見るみるto look; to watch
冬休みふゆやすみwinter vacation
家族かぞくfamily
長野ながのNagano, Japan
北海道ほっかいどうHokkaido, Japan
行くいくto go
数学すうがくmath
化学かがくchemistry
などand so on

View all JLPT N5 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N5 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N5 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N5 grammar list

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