JLPT N5 Grammar (ya)

How to use

Noun + や + Noun
ya や connecting particle jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (ya). Meaning: and; or; connecting particle. The particle  is used to list multiple things and imply there are other items that could be included in the list.

It is very similar to the grammar , which also means “and”. The main difference being と only lists the actual items listed, and や implies the listed items are not complete.

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

mai asa, pan ya beekon nado o tabeteimasu.
Every morning I eat bread and bacon and so on.
Example #2

suupaa de niku ya yasai o kaimashita.
I bought some meat and vegetables (and so on) from the supermarket.
Example #3

anata no osusume no ongaku ya hon o watashi ni oshiete kudasai.
Please tell me your recommended music or books.
Example #4

densha ya basu de no tabi wa suki desu.
I like traveling by train and bus (and so on).
Example #5

watashi wa amerika ya igirisu no terebi dorama o miru no ga suki desu.
I like watching American and British dramas (among others).
Example #6

fuyu yasumi wa kazoku de nagano ya hokkaidou e ikimasu.
During winter vacation my family often goes to places like Nagano or Hokkaido.
Example #7

watashi wa suugaku ya kagaku nado ga suki desu.
I like subjects like math, chemistry and so on.
Example #8

aki niwa ha ga aka ya kiiro ni kawaru.
The leaves turn red and yellow in fall.

Vocabulary List

毎朝まいあさevery morning
食べるたべるto eat
買うかうto buy
わたしI; me
教えるおしえるto teach
たびtrip; travel
見るみるto look; to watch
冬休みふゆやすみwinter vacation
長野ながのNagano, Japan
北海道ほっかいどうHokkaido, Japan
行くいくto go
などand so on

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JLPT N5 vocabulary list

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JLPT N5 Study Guide

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