JLPT N4 Grammar (hazu da)


it must be; it should be (expectation)

How to use

Verb (dictionary form)はずだ
Noun + の
な-adjective + な
い-adjective + い
hazu da はずだ はずだ jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (hazu da). Meaning: it must be; it should be (expectation).

To say the opposite, “it cannot be..”, use .

hazu da はずだ はずだ jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 learn japanese flashcards

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

anata nara wakaru hazu da.
You should know this.
Example #2

kare wa ima gakkou ni iru hazu da.
He should be in school right now.
Example #3

otousan ga sorosoro ie ni kaeru hazu da.
Father should be returning home anytime now.
Example #4

kyou wa shukujitsu dakara, ginkou wa yasumi no hazu da.
Today is a national holiday, so surely the banks are closed.
Example #5

sore wa akirakana hazu da.
That should be obvious.
Example #6

anata wa houritsu o shitteiru hazu da.
You should know the law.
Example #7

tanaka-san wa ima, ryokouchuu dakara, ie ni inai hazu da.
Tanaka-san can't be home right now since he is currently travelling.
Example #8

karera wa sono teema ni tsuite wa hanashiatte iru hazu da.
They should be discussing that theme.
Example #9

kare wa eigo o senmon ni yatta no da kara dekiru hazu da.
He ought to be a good scholar, for he has made a specialty of English.
Example #10

watashi no shiru kagiri de wa kare wa okureta koto wa nai hazu da.
He has never been late to the best of my knowledge.

Vocabulary List

祝日しゅくじつNational Holiday
休みやすみholiday; vacation
そろそろanytime now; soon
帰るかえるto return home
旅行中りょこうちゅうCurrently travelling

View all JLPT N4 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N4 vocabulary list

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JLPT N4 grammar list

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