JLPT N4 Grammar (hazu da)

Meaning

it must be; it should be (expectation)

How to use

Verb (dictionary form)はずだ
Noun + の
な-adjective + な
い-adjective + い
hazu da はずだ はずだ jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (hazu da). Meaning: it must be; it should be (expectation).

To say the opposite, “it cannot be..”, use .


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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

あなたならわかるはずだ。
anata nara wakaru hazu da.
You should know this.
Example #2

かれはいまがっこうにいるはずだ。
kare wa ima gakkou ni iru hazu da.
He should be in school right now.
Example #3

おとうさんがそろそろいえにかえるはずだ。
otousan ga sorosoro ie ni kaeru hazu da.
Father should be returning home anytime now.
Example #4

きょうはしゅくじつだから、ぎんこうはやすみのはずだ。
kyou wa shukujitsu dakara, ginkou wa yasumi no hazu da.
Today is a national holiday, so surely the banks are closed.
Example #5

それはあきらかなはずだ。
sore wa akirakana hazu da.
That should be obvious.
Example #6

あなたはほうりつをしっているはずだ。
anata wa houritsu o shitteiru hazu da.
You should know the law.
Example #7

たなかさんはいまりょこうちゅうだから、いえにいないはずだ。
tanaka-san wa ima, ryokouchuu dakara, ie ni inai hazu da.
Tanaka-san can't be home right now since he is currently travelling.
Example #8

かれらはそのテーマについてはなしあっているはずだ。
karera wa sono teema ni tsuite wa hanashiatte iru hazu da.
They should be discussing that theme.
Example #9

かれはえいごをせんもんにやったのだからできるはずだ。
kare wa eigo o senmon ni yatta no da kara dekiru hazu da.
He ought to be a good scholar, for he has made a specialty of English.
Example #10

わたしのしるかぎりではかれはおくれたことはないはずだ。
watashi no shiru kagiri de wa kare wa okureta koto wa nai hazu da.
He has never been late to the best of my knowledge.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
祝日しゅくじつNational Holiday
銀行ぎんこうbank
休みやすみholiday; vacation
そろそろanytime now; soon
帰るかえるto return home
旅行中りょこうちゅうCurrently travelling

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JLPT N4 vocabulary list

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