JLPT N4 Grammar (nagara)


while; during; as; simultaneously

How to use

Verb ます (stem form)ながら + [B]
nagara ながら ながら jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (nagara). Meaning: while; during; as; to do two things simultaneously.

  • (nagara) is used to show simultaneous actions.
    • [A]ながら[B] (to do B while doing A)
    • It can be used to express 2 things happening at the exact same moment, or more broad.
      • “I watch TV while I eat” (exact time)
      • “I work full time while going to school” (more broad)

  • NOTE*
    • It cannot be used with verbs related to time.
    • (nagara) may have a different meaning depending on the context. Look at lesson for more information.

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

hanashi o kikinagara memo shimasu.
I took notes while listening to the story.
Example #2

aruki nagara hanashimashou.
Let's talk while walking.
Example #3

terebi o mi nagara bangohan o tabemasu.
I eat dinner while watching TV.
Example #4

ongaku o kikinagara ryouri shimasu.
I listen to music while I cook.
Example #5

benkyou o shi nagara ongaku o kikimasu.
I listen to music while I study.
Example #6

gitaa o hiki nagara utaemasu ka?
Can you sing and play guitar at the same time?
Example #7

arubaito o shinagara daigaku de benkyou shiteimasu.
I work part time while attending University.
Example #8

aruki nagara tabako o sutte wa ikemasen.
You cannot walk and smoke at the same time.
Example #9

denwa shinagara kuruma o unten shite wa ikemasen.
You must not talk on the phone while driving a car.

Vocabulary List

歩くあるくto walk
話すはなすto talk
ギターを弾くぎたーをひくto play guitar
歌ううたうto sing
アルバイトpart time job
タバコを吸うたばこをすうto smoke cigarettes

View all JLPT N4 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N4 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N4 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N4 grammar list

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