JLPT N4 Grammar (nagara)

Meaning

while; during; as; simultaneously

How to use

Verb ます (stem form)ながら + [B]
nagara ながら ながら jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (nagara). Meaning: while; during; as; to do two things simultaneously.

  • (nagara) is used to show simultaneous actions.
    • [A]ながら[B] (to do B while doing A)
    • It can be used to express 2 things happening at the exact same moment, or more broad.
      • “I watch TV while I eat” (exact time)
      • “I work full time while going to school” (more broad)

  • NOTE*
    • It cannot be used with verbs related to time.
    • (nagara) may have a different meaning depending on the context. Look at lesson for more information.

nagara ながら ながら jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 learn japanese flashcards

Click the image to download the flashcard.
Download all N4 grammar flashcards.

JLPT Grammar E-Book Download

Download our complete
JLPT N4 Grammar Master E-book.

become a patron

Access ALL extra downloads, ebooks, and study guides by supporting JLPT Sensei on Patreon.

- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

はなしをききながらメモします。
hanashi o kikinagara memo shimasu.
I took notes while listening to the story.
Example #2

あるくときにはなそう
aruki nagara hanashimashou.
Let's talk while walking.
Example #3

おなじときにテレビ見る、ごはんたべる
terebi o mi nagara bangohan o tabemasu.
I eat dinner while watching TV.
Example #4

おんがくをききながらりょうりします。
ongaku o kikinagara ryouri shimasu.
I listen to music while I cook.
Example #5

おなじときにべんきょうする、おんがくをきく
benkyou o shi nagara ongaku o kikimasu.
I listen to music while I study.
Example #6

おなじときにりょうほうできますか?
gitaa o hiki nagara utaemasu ka?
Can you sing and play guitar at the same time?
Example #7

おなじときに、アルバイトをする、だいがくでべんきょうする
arubaito o shinagara daigaku de benkyou shiteimasu.
I work part time while attending University.
Example #8

あるくときたばこはだめ!
aruki nagara tabako o sutte wa ikemasen.
You cannot walk and smoke at the same time.
Example #9

でんわしながらくるまをうんてんしてはいけません。
denwa shinagara kuruma o unten shite wa ikemasen.
You must not talk on the phone while driving a car.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
歩くあるくto walk
話すはなすto talk
晩ご飯ばんごはんdinner
勉強べんきょうstudy
音楽おんがくmusic
ギターを弾くぎたーをひくto play guitar
歌ううたうto sing
アルバイトpart time job
大学だいがくuniversity
タバコを吸うたばこをすうto smoke cigarettes

View all JLPT N4 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N4 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N4 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N4 grammar list

Recommended JLPT N4 Books

Nihongo So-matome: JLPT N4 Grammar

This book covers all of the JLPT N4 Grammar in 6 weeks! (It also includes reading and listening practice)
See price on Amazon

GENKI II: An Integrated Course in Elementary Japanese

This is the best all around book for beginners learning Japanese in English. I used this in my first year studying Japanese. I found it to be far better and easier to use than the many other books I was using. This is the second book in the series and should cover most of what you need to pass JLPT N4.
See price on Amazon

Kanzen Master Jlpt Grammar N4

This book covers all of the grammar that you need to know to pass the JLPT N4, and includes great practice excercises. One down side though, is it's mostly in Japanese, but that will help you in the long run.
See price on Amazon

Jlpt N4 Japanese Lauguage Proficiency Test Official Practice Test

This is the official practice test of the JLPT N4. I highly recommend doing at least 1 practice test before taking the real test.
See price on Amazon