JLPT N1 Grammar (de are / de arou to)


whoever; whatever; however; even ~

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de are であれ jlpt n1 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (de are) / であろうと (de arou to). Meaning: whoever; whatever; however; even ~.


dare de are / dare de arou to


doko de are / doko de arou to


nan de are / nan de arou to

de are であれ jlpt n1 grammar meaning 文法 例文 learn japanese flashcards

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

wakai toki wa donna shigoto de are, isshoukenmei torikumimashita.
When I was young, no matter what the work was I always gave it my best effort.
Example #2

uso o tsuku to wa, donna riyuu de are, yurusarenai koto da.
Whatever the reason, lying is an unforgivable act.
Example #3

kanojo ga dare de are, tokubetsuatsukai suru no wa dame deshou.
Regardless of whoever she may be, preferential treatment is surely not acceptable.
Example #4

kare no hanashi ga shinjitsu de arou to nakarou to chigai wa nai.
It makes no difference whether his story is true or not.
Example #5

koi de arou to nakarou to hito o kizutsuketa koto ni wa kawari wa arimasen.
Whatever the intent may be, that doesn't change the fact that someone was hurt.
Example #6

hannin ga dare de are, doko ni iyou to, kanarazu watashi ga tsukaemasu.
Whoever the criminal may be, wherever they may be, I absolutely will catch them.
Example #7

hito wa, donna ni warui joukyou de are, mae o muite ikite iku hitsuyou ga aru.
No matter how bad of a situation one may be in, it is essential to move forward.
Example #8

dono daigaku de arou to, shingakusaki ga kimatte hotto shita.
No matter what university it may be, I'm just relieved to know which university I am going to.

Vocabulary List

嘘をつくうそをつくto lie
許すゆるすto forgive
特別扱いとくべつあつかいpreferential treatment
進学先しんがくさきschool advancement choice (university)
傷つけるきずつけるto wound; hurt

View all JLPT N1 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N1 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N1 Grammar Lessons

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N1 Grammar Flashcards

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