JLPT N1 Grammar (de are / de arou to)

Meaning

whoever; whatever; however; even ~

How to use

Nounであれ
であろうと
de are であれ jlpt n1 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (de are) / であろうと (de arou to). Meaning: whoever; whatever; however; even ~.

Whoever

dare de are / dare de arou to

Wherever

doko de are / doko de arou to

Whatever

nan de are / nan de arou to

de are であれ jlpt n1 grammar meaning 文法 例文 learn japanese flashcards

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

わかいときはどんなしごとであれ、いっしょうけんめいとりくみました。
wakai toki wa donna shigoto de are, isshoukenmei torikumimashita.
When I was young, no matter what the work was I always gave it my best effort.
Example #2

うそをつくとは、どんなりゆうであれ、ゆるされないことだ。
uso o tsuku to wa, donna riyuu de are, yurusarenai koto da.
Whatever the reason, lying is an unforgivable act.
Example #3

かのじょがだれであれ、とくべつあつかいするのはダメでしょう。
kanojo ga dare de are, tokubetsuatsukai suru no wa dame deshou.
Regardless of whoever she may be, preferential treatment is surely not acceptable.
Example #4

かれのはなしがしんじつであろうとなかろうとちがいはない。
kare no hanashi ga shinjitsu de arou to nakarou to chigai wa nai.
It makes no difference whether his story is true or not.
Example #5

こいであろうとなかろうとひとをきずつけたことにはかわりはありません。
koi de arou to nakarou to hito o kizutsuketa koto ni wa kawari wa arimasen.
Whatever the intent may be, that doesn't change the fact that someone was hurt.
Example #6

はんにんがだれであれ、どこにいようと、かならずわたしがつかまえる。
hannin ga dare de are, doko ni iyou to, kanarazu watashi ga tsukaemasu.
Whoever the criminal may be, wherever they may be, I absolutely will catch them.
Example #7

人は、どんなに悪い状況であれ、前を向いて行きていく必要がある。
hito wa, donna ni warui joukyou de are, mae o muite ikite iku hitsuyou ga aru.
No matter how bad of a situation one may be in, it is essential to move forward.
Example #8

どのだいがくであろうと、しんがくさきがきまってほっとした。
dono daigaku de arou to, shingakusaki ga kimatte hotto shita.
No matter what university it may be, I'm just relieved to know which university I am going to.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
だれwho
嘘をつくうそをつくto lie
理由りゆうreason
許すゆるすto forgive
特別扱いとくべつあつかいpreferential treatment
進学先しんがくさきschool advancement choice (university)
故意こいintent
傷つけるきずつけるto wound; hurt
変わりかわりchange

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JLPT N1 grammar list