JLPT N1 Grammar (de are~de are)

Meaning

whether [A] or [B]

How to use

Nounであれ
であろうと
Nounであれ
であろうと

Learn Japanese grammar: (de are~de are) / (de arou to~de arou to). Meaning: whether [A] or [B].

When not comparing two items, you can use – whoever / whatever / however.

JLPT grammar であれ~であれ (de are~de are)  - Learn Japanese
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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

かれがおかねもちであれびんぼうであれ、わたしのきもちがかわることはない。
kare ga okanemochi de are binbou de are, watashi no kimochi ga kawaru koto wa nai.
It doesn't matter whether he is rich or poor, my feelings will not change.
Example #2

せんせいであれがくせいであれ、きそくにはしたがわなければなりません。
sensei de are gakusei de are, kisoku ni wa shitagawa nakereba narimasen.
Whether you are a teacher or a student, everyone must follow the rules.
Example #3

オクラであれなっとうであれ、ネバネバしたものはとにかくきらいだ。
okura de are nattou de are, nebaneba shita mono wa tonikaku kirai da.
Whether it be okra or natto, I hate these kinds of sticky foods.
Example #4

たとえあめであろうとゆきであろうと、あしたのしあいはよていどおりおこないます。
tatoe ame de arou to yuki de arou to, ashita no shiai wa yotei doori okonaimasu.
Even if it rains or snows, tomorrows match will continue as scheduled.
Example #5

せいしゃいんであろうと、パートであろうと、しごとにたいするせきにんはかわりません。
seishain de arou to, paato de arou to, shigoto ni taisuru sekinin wa kawarimasen.
Whether you are a full-timer or part timer, one's responsibility towards work does not change.
Example #6

くるまであれでんしゃであれこのてんこうではむりだろう。
kuruma de are densha de are kono tenkou dewa muri darou.
Whether it be by car or train, it's impossible in this weather.
Example #7

しゃちょうであれしゃいんであれ、こきゃくにこのけんをせつめいすべきだった。
shachou deare shain deare, kokyaku ni kono ken o setsumei subeki datta.
Whether it be the company president or an employee, someone should have explained this to the client.
Example #8

にほんじんであれがいこくじんであれ、ほうりつにはしたがわなければならない。
nihonjin de are gaikokujin de are, houritsu niwa shitagawanakereba naranai.
Whether you are a Japanese citizen or a foreigner, you must obey the law.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
規則を従うきそくをしたがうto follow rules
試合しあいmatch
予定通りよていどおりas scheduled
行うおこなうto be held
正社員せいしゃいんfull-time worker
パートぱーとpart-time worker
責任せきにんresponsibility
社長しゃちょうcompany president
社員しゃいんcompany employee
顧客こきゃくclient

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JLPT N1 vocabulary list

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JLPT N1 grammar list