Learn JLPT N2 Grammar (te shou ga nai/te shikata ga nai)

Meaning

can't help but~; very; extremely

How to use

Verb-て formしょうがない
しかたがない
いadjective + くて
なadjective +

Learn Japanese grammar: (te shou ga nai) & 「てしかたがない」 (te shikata ga nai). Meaning: can’t help but~; very; extremely.

Explaining the meaning in more detail:

This grammar expresses a natural feeling or emotion that is out of control of the speaker. The speaker may be complaining about this powerlessness, or emphasizing a happy feeling. It is all known from the context and the tone of the speaker.

To express a similar meaning more strongly, use instead.

JLPT grammar てしょうがない・てしかたがない (te shou ga nai/te shikata ga nai)  - Learn Japanese

- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

きょうはなにもすることがなくて、ひまでしかたがない。
kyou wa nanimo suru koto ga nakute, hima de shikata ga nai.
I have nothing to do today and am very bored.
Example #2

おかねをくれて、うれしくてしょうがない。
o kane o kurete, ureshikute shou ga nai.
I was given some money and feel so happy.
Example #3

バスでいくのは、じかんがかかってしょうがない。
basu de iku no wa, jikan ga kakatte shou ga nai.
Going by bus takes more time, but it can't be helped.
Example #4

すきなアイドルのライブのチケットがうれきった。ちこくして、もうかえないのでざんねんでしょうがない。
suki na aidoru no raibu no chiketto ga urekitta. chikoku shite, mou kaenai no de zannen de shou ga nai.
The concert tickets for the idol I like sold out. I didn't buy them in time and unfortunately there's nothing I can do..

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
睡眠不足すいみんぶそくsleep deprivation
疲れるつかれるto be tired
お腹が空いたおなかがすいたto be hungry (empty stomach)
気になるきになるto be interested
ひまfree time (nothing to do)
嬉しいうれしいhappy
売れ切るうれきるto sell out
遅刻するちこくto be late; tardy
残念ざんねんunfortunate

Vocabulary items are displayed based on the order they appear in the grammar lesson.

View all JLPT N2 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N2 vocabulary list

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JLPT N2 grammar list
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