JLPT N4 Grammar (shi)

Meaning

and; and what’s more; emphasis~

How to use

Verb (casual)
Noun + だ
な-adjective + だ
い-adjective
shi し し jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (shi). Meaning: and; and what’s more~.

This is mainly used to:

  1. Say “and” to list multiple verbs, nouns, or adjectives.
    • See examples 1~5.
  2. To list 2 different things to highlight the contrast.
    • See examples 6~7.
  3. To give a reason leading to a conclusion.
    • See examples 8~9.
  4. To emphasize your point as a sentence ending particle.
    • See example 10.

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

このコートはいろがきれいだし、すきなデザインだし。かいたいですよ。
kono kooto wa iro ga kirei dashi, sukina dezain da shi. kaitai desu yo.
This coat has a beautiful color, and I like the design, I really want to buy it..
Example #2

きょうはしゅうまつだったし、てんきがよかったので、こうえんはひとがおおかったです。
kyou wa shuumatsu datta shi, tenki ga yokatta node, kouen wa hito ga ookatta desu.
It's the weekend and the weather is nice so the park was packed with people
Example #3

かれはべんきょうができるしスポーツもじょうずだし、わたしのすきなタイプだ。
kare wa benkyou ga dekiru shi, supo-tsu mo jouzu dashi, watashi no suki na taipu da.
He's smart and good at sports, definitely my type.
Example #4

かのじょはりょうりはうまいし、せいかくはいいし、りそうのおくさんだ。
kanojo wa ryouri wa umai shi, seikaku wa ii shi, risou no okusan da.
She cooks well and has a good personality, she's the ideal wife.
Example #5

おなかがすいたし、のどがかわいたし、なにかたべたいです。
onaka ga suita shi, nodo ga kawaita shi, nani ka tabetai desu.
I'm hungry and thirsty, I need to eat something now.
Example #6

ともだちとあそびたいし、しゅくだいはしなくてはいけないし、どうしよう。
tomodachi to asobitai shi, shukudai wa shinakute wa ikenai shi. dou shiyou.
I want to hang out with my friends, but I need to do my homework.. What should I do!?
Example #7

かれはきぶんがいいときもあるし、わるいときもある。
kare wa kibun ga ii toki mo aru shi, warui toki mo aru.
There are times when he feels good, but also times when he feels bad.
Example #8

あめがふっているし、もうかえります。
ame ga futteiru shi, mou kaerimasu.
It's raining, so I'm gonna just head home.
Example #9

おかねはないし、やすみもないし、こんげつはりょこうはむりだ。
okane wa nai shi, yasumi mo nai shi, kongetsu wa ryokou wa muri da.
I have no money and no time, so this month going on vacation is not possible.
Example #10

そんなこといってないし!
sonnna koto itte nai shi!
I never said anything like that!

View all JLPT N4 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N4 grammar list

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