JLPT N4 Grammar (koto)

How to use

Verb (casual, non-past)こと
koto こと こと jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (koto). Meaning: verb nominalizer. It allows you to use verbs as nouns.

Here are some basic examples.

MeaningPlain FormVerb (acting as Noun)
to doするすること
to comeこと
to meetこと
to seeこと

For example, the verb 食べる (taberu) “to eat” can change to 食べること (taberu koto) “eating”.

From JLPT N3, this word can also be used as an order. See lesson for .


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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

ほんをよむことがすきです。
hon o yomu koto ga suki desu.
I like to read books.
Example #2

わたしはりょうりをつくることがへたです。
watashi wa ryouri o tsukuru koto ga heta desu.
I am bad at cooking food.
Example #3

わたしはゲームをすることがだいすきです。
watashi wa geemu o suru koto ga daisuki desu.
I love playing games.
Example #4

わたしにはかんがえることがたくさんある。
watashi ni wa kangaeru koto ga takusan aru.
There are many things that we think about.
Example #5

わたしのしゅみはりょうりをつくることです。
watashi no shumi wa ryouri o tsukuru koto desu.
My hobby is cooking.
Example #6

まいにちウォーキングをすることにしている。
mainichi wookingu o suru koto ni shiteiru.
I go walking every day.
Example #7

こどものころ、わたしのゆめはかしゅになることでした。
kodomo no koro, watashi no yume wa kashu ni naru koto deshita.
When I was a child I dreamed of becoming a singer.
Example #8

しゅくだいをすることができなかった。
shukudai o suru koto ga dekinakatta.
I couldn't do my homework.

View all JLPT N4 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N4 grammar list

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