JLPT N1 Grammar (kurai nara)

Meaning

rather than (do ...)​

How to use

Verb (dictionary form)くらいなら
ぐらいなら
kurai nara くらいなら jlpt n1 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (kurai nara) & (gurai nara). Meaning: rather than (do …)​. It expresses that something is bad enough to the point that some other option is better.

Common Patterns With くらいなら (kurai nara)

Pattern A)

Verb[A] kurai nara ~[B]hou ga mashi da

I’d rather do [B] than [A].

Pattern B)

Verb[A] kurai nara ~[B]hou ga ii

I’d rather do [B] than [A].

kurai nara くらいなら jlpt n1 grammar meaning 文法 例文 learn japanese flashcards

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

そんなことをするくらいなら、しんだほうがましだ。
sonna koto o suru kurai nara, shinda hou ga mashi da.
I'd rather die than do that.
Example #2

あんないやなひとといしょにはたらかなくちゃいけないくらいなら、わたしはかいしゃをやめる。
anna iya na hito to issho ni hatarakanakucha ikenai kurai nara, watashi wa kaisha o yameru.
If I had to work with such an unpleasant person, I'd rather quit my job.
Example #3

いえでやすむくらいならむしろがいしゅつしたい。
ie de yasumu kurai nara mushiro gaishutsu shitai.
I would rather go out than rest at home.
Example #4

ゆうじんをきずつけるくらいなら、じぶんががまんしたほうがいい。
yujin o kizutsukeru kurai nara, jibun ga gaman shita hou gaii.
I'd rather deal with it myself than hurt my friend.
Example #5

とちゅうはんぱにやるくらいなら、やらないほうがましだ。
tochuuhanpa ni yaru kurai nara, yaranai hou ga mashi da.
You may as well not do it at all rather than do it halfheartedly.
Example #6

かれといっしょにいくくらいならいえにいたほうがましだ。
kare to isshoni iku kurai nara ie ni ita hou ga mashi da.
I would rather stay at home than go with him.
Example #7

わたしはまいあさはやくおきるくらいならしんだほうがましだ。
watashi wa maiasa hayaku okiru kurai nara shinda hou ga mashi da.
I would sooner die than get up early every morning.
Example #8

むすこがびょうきでくるしむのをいるくらいなら、じぶんがびょうきになったほうがいい。
musuko ga byouki de kurushimu no o miru kurai nara, jibun ga byouki ni natta hou ga ii.
I'd rather get sick myself than watch my son suffer.
Example #9

そんなきゅうりょうのひくいかいしゃでよるおそくまではたらくくらいなら、アルバイトのほうがいいんじゃない。
sonna kyuuryou no hikui kaisha de yoru osoku made hataraku kurai nara, arubaito no hou ga iin janai.
Rather than working late with a low salary at that company, wouldn't you be better off just working part time?

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
ほうがましだthis (way) is better
死ぬしぬto die
息子むすこson
病気びょうきsickness
苦しむのくるしむのsuffering
自分じぶんoneself
友人ゆうじんgood friend
傷つけるきずつけるto hurt; inflict wound
我慢がまんendure; deal with

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