JLPT N4 Grammar (garu; gatteiru)

Meaning

to show signs of; to appear; to feel, to think

How to use

い-adjective がる
がっている
がった
がらないで
な-adjective
garu gatteiru がる がっている がる がっている jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (garu) meaning: to show signs of; to appear; to feel, to think.

This grammar point basically turns adjectives into verbs, so the tense can change based on the verb conjugation. Let’s look at some examples:

がる – to show signs of; to feel

General Use

kare wa inu o kowa garu.

He is (appears to be/seems to be) generally afraid of dogs.

Current Tense

kare wa inu o kowa gatteiru.

He is currently showing signs of being afraid of dogs.

Current Tense

kare wa inu o kowa gatteita.

He was showing signs of being afraid of dogs.


ほしがる (hoshi garu) – to want

combine to express a strong desire or want for something. Of course, any adjective can be converted to a verb, but this form is quite common.

Cruise sensei wa atarashii jitensha o hoshi garu.

Cruise-sensei wants a new bicycle (very badly).

Extra Study Notes

(garu) is generally used for speaking in the 3rd person, but it is also acceptable to use it for yourself in some situations.

garu gatteiru がる がっている がる がっている jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 learn japanese flashcards

Click the image to download the flashcard.

become a patron

Become a JLPT Sensei member on Patreon for extra bonus downloads.

- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

こわがらないでください。
kowa garanai de kudasai.
Please don't feel scared (or afraid)
Example #2

しあいにまけてくやしがる。
shiai ni makete kuyashi garu.
Feeling (or appearing to be) bitter after losing the match.
Example #3

かれはしぬのをこわがっている。
kare wa shinu no o kowa gatteiru.
He is afraid of death.
Example #4

おとうとはこられなくて、とてもざんねんがっています。
ototo wa korarenakute, totemo zannen gatteimashita.
My brother seems upset that he is not able to come.
Example #5

はずかしがらないで、まえにでてきてください。
hazukashi garanai de, mae ni dete kite kudasai.
Please don't be shy and come up here.
Example #6

かのじょはそのしょうねんをまるでじつのこのようにかわいがっている。
kanojo wa sono shounen o marude jitsu no ko no you ni kawai gatteiru.
She loves the boy as if he were her own child.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
かれhe
いぬdog
怖いこわいscary; frightening
新しいあたらしいnew
自転車じてんしゃbicycle; bike
欲しいほしいto want
恥ずかしいはずかしいEmbarrassing
試合しあいmatch; game
負けるまけるto lose
悔しいくやしいfrustrating
残念ざんねんunfortunate; regrettable

View all JLPT N4 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N4 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N4 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N4 grammar list

Recommended JLPT N4 Books

Nihongo So-matome: JLPT N4 Grammar

This book covers all of the JLPT N4 Grammar in 6 weeks! (It also includes reading and listening practice)
See price on Amazon

GENKI II: An Integrated Course in Elementary Japanese

This is the best all around book for beginners learning Japanese in English. I used this in my first year studying Japanese. I found it to be far better and easier to use than the many other books I was using. This is the second book in the series and should cover most of what you need to pass JLPT N4.
See price on Amazon

Kanzen Master Jlpt Grammar N4

This book covers all of the grammar that you need to know to pass the JLPT N4, and includes great practice excercises. One down side though, is it's mostly in Japanese, but that will help you in the long run.
See price on Amazon

Jlpt N4 Japanese Lauguage Proficiency Test Official Practice Test

This is the official practice test of the JLPT N4. I highly recommend doing at least 1 practice test before taking the real test.
See price on Amazon