JLPT N4 Grammar (garu / gatteiru)


to show signs of; to appear; to feel, to think ~

How to use

い-adjective がる
garu gatteiru がる がっている がる がっている jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (garu) meaning: to show signs of; to appear; to feel, to think ~.

This grammar point basically turns adjectives into verbs, so the tense can change based on the verb conjugation. Let’s look at some examples:

がる – to show signs of; to feel

General Use

kare wa inu o kowa garu.

He is (appears to be/seems to be) generally afraid of dogs.

Current Tense

kare wa inu o kowa gatteiru.

He is currently showing signs of being afraid of dogs.

Current Tense

kare wa inu o kowa gatteita.

He was showing signs of being afraid of dogs.

ほしがる (hoshi garu) – to want

combine to express a strong desire or want for something. Of course, any adjective can be converted to a verb, but this form is quite common.

Cruise sensei wa atarashii jitensha o hoshi garu.

Cruise sensei wants a new bicycle (very badly).

Extra Study Notes

(garu) is generally used for speaking in the 3rd person, but it is also acceptable to use it for yourself in some situations.

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

kowa garanai de kudasai.
Please don't feel scared.
Example #2

kare wa shinu no o kowa gatteiru.
He is afraid of death.
Example #3

kare wa kanojo ga hoshi garu baggu o katte ageta.
He bought her the bag she wanted.
Example #4

ototo wa korarenakute, totemo zannen gatteimashita.
My brother seemed upset that he was not able to come.
Example #5

hazukashi garanai de, mae ni dete kite kudasai.
Please don't be shy and come up here.
Example #6

kanojo wa sono shounen o marude jitsu no ko no you ni kawai gatteiru.
She loves the boy as if he were her own child.
Example #7

anna tokoro ni chuusha shitara kinjo no hito ni meiwaku garu yo.
The neighbors will get annoyed if you park in such a place!
Example #8

kono bando ga kaisan shitara fan ga kanashi garu darou.
If this band breaks up, their fans will be very sad.

Vocabulary List

かれhe; him​; his
死ぬしぬto die
彼女 かのじょshe; her​
おとうとyounger brother
来るくるto come
残念ざんねんregrettable; unfortunate
少年しょうねんboy; juvenile; young boy; youth; lad
実のじつのtrue; real; blood-related; biological (father, etc.)
駐車場 ちゅうしゃじょうparking lot

View all JLPT N4 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N4 vocabulary list

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JLPT N4 grammar list

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