JLPT N4 Grammar (kana)

How to use

Verb (dictionary form)かな
Noun
な-adjective
い-adjective + い
kana かな かな jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (kana). Meaning: I wonder; should I?

(kana) basically means “I wonder”, and is mostly used to:

  • contemplate doing something
  • wonder if something will happen

There are also many other subtle meanings which could be implied based on context, including:

  • expressing doubt and asking advice
  • expressing hope
  • offering an opinion
  • making a suggestion
  • asking a small favor
  • expressing desire or intention

kana かな かな jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 learn japanese flashcards

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

かのじょはげんきかな。
kanojo wa genki kana.
I wonder if she's doing well.
Example #2

あめがふるかな。
ame ga furu kana.
I wonder if it's going to rain.
Example #3

そとはさむいかな。
soto wa samui kana.
I wonder if it's cold outside.
Example #4

もうたべていいかな。
mou tabete ii kana.
I wonder if it's OK to start eating. (can also express desire to eat)
Example #5

いっしょにえいがをみるのはどうかな?
isshoni eiga o miru no wa dou kana?
What do you think about going to see a movie together?
Example #6

ここにすわってもいいかな?
koko ni suwatte mo ii kana?
Do you mind if I sit here?
Example #7

わたしはカレーうどんにしようかな。
watashi wa karee udon ni shiyou kana.
I think I'll go with the curry udon.
Example #8

そろそろべんきょうしようかな。
sorosoro benkyou shiyou kana.
I guess I should start studying now.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
彼女かのじょshe; girlfriend
元気げんきenergetic; good
雨が降るあめがふるto rain
そとoutside
寒いさむいcold
もうalready
食べるたべるto eat
一緒にいっしょにtogether
映画を見るえいがをみるsee a movie
座るすわるto sit
わたしI
勉強べんきょうstudy

View all JLPT N4 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N4 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N4 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N4 grammar list

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