JLPT N4 Grammar (kana)

How to use

Verb (casual form)かな
kana かな jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (kana). Meaning: I wonder; should I?

(kana) basically means “I wonder”, and is mostly used to:

  • contemplate doing something
  • wonder if something will happen

There are also many other subtle meanings which could be implied based on context, including:

  • expressing doubt and asking advice
  • expressing hope
  • offering an opinion
  • making a suggestion
  • asking a small favor
  • expressing desire or intention

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

kanojo wa genki kana.
I wonder if she's doing well.
Example #2

ame ga furu kana.
I wonder if it's going to rain.
Example #3

soto wa samui kana.
I wonder if it's cold outside.
Example #4

mou tabete ii kana.
I wonder if it's OK to start eating.
Example #5

isshoni eiga o miru no wa dou kana?
What do you think about going to see a movie together?
Example #6

koko ni suwatte mo ii kana?
Do you mind if I sit here?
Example #7

watashi wa karee udon ni shiyou kana.
I think I'll go with the curry udon.
Example #8

sorosoro benkyou shiyou kana.
I guess I should start studying soon.

Vocabulary List

彼女かのじょshe; girlfriend
元気げんきenergetic; good
雨が降るあめがふるto rain
食べるたべるto eat
映画を見るえいがをみるsee a movie
座るすわるto sit

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JLPT N4 vocabulary list

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Grammar lessons: 131.

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N4 Flashcards