JLPT N1 Grammar List

learn Japanese JLPT N1 grammar list

This is the list of the Japanese grammar rules needed to study for the Japanese Language Proficiency Test N1.

The JLPT N1 Grammar List lessons are arranged in English romaji alphabetical order.

Click on the lesson link for detailed notes about grammar structure, how-to-use, conjugations, example sentences, interactive aids, and more.

JLPT N1 Grammar List
#Grammar LessonGrammar Meaning
121 ni sakigakete prior to; to be the first (pioneer); being ahead of ~
122 ni shinobinai cannot bring oneself (to do); unable to bear ~
123 ni shita tokoro de / to shita tokoro de even if; even supposing that ~
124 ni shite at / on / under certain conditions (time, position, age, number of times)
125 ni sokushite according to; in keeping with; to be based on ~
126 ni taeru / ni taenai worth doing; can do; cannot bear doing ~
127 ni taranai / ni tarinai cannot; not worthy; not worth doing ~
128 ni taru / ni tariru can do; worthy; worth doing
129 ni terashite according to; in view of; in light of ~
130 ni todomarazu not limited to; not only… but also ~
131 ni wa muri ga aru difficult to do; is unreasonable / unrealistic / impossible
132 ni yorazu regardless of ~
133 ni~o kasanete success after continuous (effort, work, adjustments, etc.)
134 nimo hodo ga aru there is a limit to what is acceptable; to go too far
135 nimo mashite more than…; above ~
136 niwa ataranai it’s not worth; there’s no need to; does not correspond to ~
137 niwa oyobanai there is no need to; unnecessary; no match for ~
138 no itari utmost; extremely ~
139 no kiwami utmost; extremely ~
140 no nan notte extremely ~ (cannot be expressed in words)
141 no yara / mono yara / koto yara I wonder..; unsure; I don’t know ~
142 no yara~no yara or ~ (I don't know)
143 o fumaete to be based on; to take into account ~
144 o hete through; by way of; after; via ~
145 o hikaete to be soon; the time has come to; nearby; ahead of ~
146 o ii koto ni to take advantage of ~
147 o kaerimizu / mo kaerimizu despite; without considering; not worrying about; regardless of ~
148 o kagiri ni starting from; the last time (ending a continued action)
149 o kanete also for the purpose of ~
150 o kawakiri ni one after another; starting with ~
151 o ki ni as an opportunity/chance to ~
152 o kinji enai can’t help but; can’t refrain from ~
153 o mono tomo sezuni in defiance of; not losing to / afraid / worrying about ~
154 o motte / o mochimashite by means of; with; on / at / as of (time)​
155 o oite~nai only; can only be; there is no alternative, only ~
156 o oshite / o oshikitte to overcome (opposition); to push past ~
157 o sakai ni since ~ (indicates a large change before & after)
158 o yogi naku sareru to be forced to do something because one has no other choice
159 o yoso ni despite; without regards to ~
160 o zentei toshite with the intention to; on the condition / assumption ~

JLPT N1 Grammar List total: (253)

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