JLPT N5 Grammar (toki)


when; at this time

How to use

Verb (casual form)とき
Noun + の
な-adjective + な
い-adjective + い
toki 時 とき jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: 【とき】(toki). Meaning: when; at this time.

It is mainly written in hiragana, but sometimes the kanji version 時 is also used.

It can be used in both present and past tense.

  • 行く (iku toki) when I go.
  • 行った (itta toki) when I went.

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

wakaranai toki wa, hayaku sensei ni kikimashou ne.
Whenever you don't understand, hurry up and ask the teacher.
Example #2

michi o wataru toki, kuruma ni ki o tsukete kudasai.
When crossing the street, be careful with the cars.
Example #3

jikan ga nai toki wa, asagohan o tabemasen.
When I have no time, I don't eat breakfast.
Example #4

karada no choushi ga warui toki, atatakai ocha o nomimasu.
When I'm not feeling well, I drink warm tea.
Example #5

nemui toki, itsumo chokoreeto o tabemasu.
I always eat chocolate whenever I'm feeling sleepy.
Example #6

toshokan de hon o kariru toki, kaado ga irimasu.
When you borrow a book from the library, you need a card.
Example #7

tsuma ga byouki no toki, kaisha o yasumimashita.
I took work off when my wife was feeling sick
Example #8

hima na toki, yuuchuubu o mimasu.
I watch Youtube when I have free time.
Example #9

chuugakusei no toki, hajimete nihon ni kimashita.
I first came to Japan when I was a middle school student.
Example #10

bangohan o taberu toki, itsumo gyuunyuu o nomimasu.
I always drink milk when I eat dinner.

Vocabulary List

行くいくto go; to move
分かるわかるto understand; to comprehend; to grasp; to see; to get; to follow
早いはやいfast; early
先生せんせいteacher; instructor; master
聞くきくto hear; to listen (to music); to ask; to learn of
くるまcar; automobile; vehicle
時間じかんtime; hour(s)
食べるたべるto eat
道を渡るみちをわたるto cross the street
気を付けてきをつけてbe careful
体の調子からだのちょうしbody condition
悪いわるいnot good; bad
つまmy wife
会社を休むかいしゃをやすむto take off work
暇なひまなfree time
見るみるto watch
中学生ちゅうがくせいmiddle school student
初めてはじめてfor the first time

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