JLPT N5 Grammar (toki)

Meaning

when; at this time

How to use

Verb (casual form)とき
Noun + の
な-adjective + な
い-adjective + い
toki 時 とき jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: 【とき】(toki). Meaning: when; at this time.

It is mainly written in hiragana, but sometimes the kanji version 時 is also used.

It can be used in both present and past tense.

  • 行く (iku toki) when I go.
  • 行った (itta toki) when I went.

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

わからないときは、はやくせんせいにききましょうね。
wakaranai toki wa, hayaku sensei ni kikimashou ne.
Whenever you don't understand, hurry up and ask the teacher.
Example #2

みちをわたるとき、くるまにきをつけてください。
michi o wataru toki, kuruma ni ki o tsukete kudasai.
When crossing the street, be careful with the cars.
Example #3

じかんがないときは、あさごはんをたべません。
jikan ga nai toki wa, asagohan o tabemasen.
When I have no time, I don't eat breakfast.
Example #4

からだのちょうしがわるいとき、あたたかいおちゃをのみます。
karada no choushi ga warui toki, atatakai ocha o nomimasu.
When I'm not feeling well, I drink warm tea.
Example #5

ねむいとき、いつもチョコレートをたべます。
nemui toki, itsumo chokoreeto o tabemasu.
I always eat chocolate whenever I'm feeling sleepy.
Example #6

としょかんでほんをかりるとき、カードがいります。
toshokan de hon o kariru toki, kaado ga irimasu.
When you borrow a book from the library, you need a card.
Example #7

つまがびょうきのとき、かいしゃをやすみました。
tsuma ga byouki no toki, kaisha o yasumimashita.
I took work off when my wife was feeling sick
Example #8

ひまなとき、ユーチューブをみます。
hima na toki, yuuchuubu o mimasu.
I watch Youtube when I have free time.
Example #9

ちゅうがくせいのとき、はじめてにほんにきました。
chuugakusei no toki, hajimete nihon ni kimashita.
I first came to Japan when I was a middle school student.
Example #10

ばんごはんをたべるとき、いつもぎゅうにゅうをのみます。
bangohan o taberu toki, itsumo gyuunyuu o nomimasu.
I always drink milk when I eat dinner.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
行くいくto go; to move
分かるわかるto understand; to comprehend; to grasp; to see; to get; to follow
早いはやいfast; early
先生せんせいteacher; instructor; master
聞くきくto hear; to listen (to music); to ask; to learn of
くるまcar; automobile; vehicle
時間じかんtime; hour(s)
朝ご飯あさごはんbreakfast
食べるたべるto eat
道を渡るみちをわたるto cross the street
気を付けてきをつけてbe careful
体の調子からだのちょうしbody condition
悪いわるいnot good; bad
温かいあたたかいwarm
お茶おちゃtea
眠いねむいsleepy
チョコレートchocolate
つまmy wife
病気びょうきsick
会社を休むかいしゃをやすむto take off work
暇なひまなfree time
見るみるto watch
中学生ちゅうがくせいmiddle school student
初めてはじめてfor the first time
日本にほんJapan

View all JLPT N5 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N5 vocabulary list

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JLPT N5 grammar list

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