JLPT N5 Grammar (o / go)


polite marker; honorific prefix particle

How to use

お / ごNoun
o go honorific particle お ご jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (o / go). Meaning: polite marker; honorific prefix particle.

Putting お (o) or ご (go) in front of nouns or adjectives makes the word more polite.

  • お母さん (okaasan) mother.
  • おすし (osushi) sushi.
  • お茶 (ocha) tea.
  • ご家族 (gokazoku) family.
  • ご一緒に (goisshoni) together.

For some vocabulary words (like お茶 ocha), it is standard to use this prefix and it is considered rude to not use it.

NOTE: お (o) is mostly used with words of Japanese origin, and ご (go) is mostly used with words of Chinese origin, though there are some exceptions.

At more advanced levels, the kanji may be used, which can be read as either お or ご.

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

kinyoubi wa ohima desu ka?
Are you free on Friday?
Example #2

kyou no gokibun wa dou desu ka?
How do you feel today?
Example #3

oniisan to isshoni itta.
I went together with my older brother.
Example #4

okaeri nasai.
Welcome home.
Example #5

oyasumi nasai.
Good night.
Example #6

narande omachi kudasai.
Please wait in line.
Example #7

otetsudai shimashou ka?
Shall I help?
Example #8

goshitsumon wa arimasen ka?
Are there any questions?

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JLPT N5 grammar list

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