JLPT N5 Grammar (o / go)

Meaning

polite marker; honorific prefix particle

How to use

お / ごNoun
Adjective

Learn Japanese grammar: (o / go). Meaning: polite marker; honorific prefix particle.

Putting お (o) or ご (go) in front of nouns or adjectives makes the word more polite.

  • お母さん (okaasan) mother.
  • おすし (osushi) sushi.
  • お茶 (ocha) tea.
  • ご家族 (gokazoku) family.
  • ご一緒に (goisshoni) together.

For some vocabulary words (like お茶 ocha), it is standard to use this prefix and it is considered rude to not use it.

NOTE: お (o) is mostly used with words of Japanese origin, and ご (go) is mostly used with words of Chinese origin, though there are some exceptions.

At more advanced levels, the kanji may be used, which can be read as either お or ご.


JLPT grammar お / ご (o / go)  - Learn Japanese
JLPT Grammar E-Book Download

Download our complete
JLPT N5 Grammar Master E-book.

become a patron

Access ALL extra downloads, ebooks, and study guides by supporting JLPT Sensei on Patreon.

- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

きにょうびはおひまですか?
kinyoubi wa ohima desu ka?
Are you free on Friday?
Example #2

きょうのごきぶんはどうですか。
kyou no gokibun wa dou desu ka?
How do you feel today?
Example #3

お兄さんと一緒に行った。
oniisan to isshoni itta.
I went together with my older brother.
Example #4

おかえりなさい。
okaeri nasai.
Welcome home.
Example #5

おやすみなさい。
oyasumi nasai.
Good night.
Example #6

ならんでおまちください。
narande omachi kudasai.
Please wait in line.
Example #7

おてつだいしましょうか?
otetsudai shimashou ka?
Shall I help?
Example #8

ごしつもんはありませんか?
goshitsumon wa arimasen ka?
Are there any questions?

View all JLPT N5 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N5 grammar list

Recommended JLPT N5 Books

Nihongo So-matome: JLPT N5

This book covers everything you need to pass the JLPT N5 in just 6 weeks! (Kanji, Vocabulary, Grammar, Reading Comprehension, Listening Comprehension)
See price on Amazon

GENKI I: An Integrated Course in Elementary Japanese

This is the best all around book for beginners learning Japanese in English. I used this in my first year studying Japanese. I found it to be far better and easier to use than the many other books I was using.
See price on Amazon

Jlpt N5 Japanese Lauguage Proficiency Test Official Practice Test

This is the official practice test of the JLPT N5. I highly recommend doing at least 1 practice test before taking the real test.
See price on Amazon

Jlpt N5 Japanese Lauguage Proficiency Test Official Practice Test (NEW 2018)

This is the new version of the official JLPT N5 practice test. If you've already taken the old practice test, this is a good option to practice with some different questions.
See price on Amazon