JLPT N5 Grammar (o / go)


polite marker; honorific prefix particle

How to use

お / ごNoun
o go honorific particle お ご jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (o / go). Meaning: polite marker; honorific prefix particle.

Putting お (o) or ご (go) in front of nouns or adjectives makes the word more polite.

  • お母さん (okaasan) mother.
  • おすし (osushi) sushi.
  • お茶 (ocha) tea.
  • ご家族 (gokazoku) family.
  • ご一緒に (goisshoni) together.

For some vocabulary words (like お茶 ocha), it is standard to use this prefix and it is considered rude to not use it.

NOTE: お (o) is mostly used with words of Japanese origin, and ご (go) is mostly used with words of Chinese origin, though there are some exceptions.

At more advanced levels, the kanji may be used, which can be read as either お or ご.

o go honorific particle お ご jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法例文 learn japanese flashcards

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

kinyoubi wa ohima desu ka?
Are you free on Friday?
Example #2

kyou no gokibun wa dou desu ka?
How do you feel today?
Example #3

oniisan to isshoni itta.
I went together with my older brother.
Example #4

okaeri nasai.
Welcome home.
Example #5

oyasumi nasai.
Good night.
Example #6

narande omachi kudasai.
Please wait in line.
Example #7

otetsudai shimashou ka?
Shall I help?
Example #8

goshitsumon wa arimasen ka?
Are there any questions?

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