JLPT N2 Grammar (eru / uru)


can; to be able to; is possible to ~

How to use

Verb ます (stem form)得る
eru 得る える jlpt n2 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: 【える/うる】(eru/uru). Meaning: can; to be able to; is possible to ~.

得る can be read both as える (eru) and うる (uru).

える (eru) is more commonly used nowadays, and うる (uru) is considered a bit more old fashioned.

Although both readings can be used in most situations, える (eru) is more commonly used in situations where something is “obtained”. On the other hand, うる (uru) may be more appropriate with more formal expressions.

For the negative form, you must use .

EXCEPTIONS (the following can only be read this way, not both)
1)考え得る 【かんがえうる】 (kangae uru)
2)出来得る 【できうる】 (deki uru)

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

kimi no hanashi o shinjiru yo. datte kono sekaide wa donna koto demo okori eru kara.
I believe in your story. I mean, anything is possible in this world.
Example #2

jiko wa itsu demo okori eru node, ki o tsukete kudasai.
Accidents can happen at any time, so please be careful!
Example #3

tabako o sui sugi ya, o sake o nomi sugi wa byouki no genin ni nari emasu.
Excessive smoking and drinking too much alcohol can cause illness.
Example #4

undou fusoku wa byouki no genin ni nari eru node, dekiru dake karada o ugokasu youni shite kudasai.
Lack of exercise can cause illness, so try to move as much as you can.
Example #5

kono fukyou dewa ootekigyou no tousan mo ariuru.
In this recession, it's possible some major companies may go bankrupt.
Example #6

hitotsu no misu ga, kaisha o tousan ni michibiku koto mo ari eru koto da. Ki o nukazu ni, ganbatte ikou.
One mistake can cause a company to go bankrupt. Let's do our best without fail.
Example #7

konzatsu shita chikatetsu wa, hajimete noru hitobito ni totte wa, totemo yayakoshii mono to nari uru.
Crowded subways can be very confusing for first-time users.

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