JLPT N3 Grammar (kawari ni)

Meaning

instead of; as a substitute for​; in exchange for; in return for

How to use

Verb (casual)代わりに
Noun + の
その
kawari ni 代わりに かわりに jlpt n3 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar:  【かわりに】(kawari ni). Meaning: instead of; as a substitute for​; in exchange for; in return for.

This can be split into 2 main uses:

  1. instead of; in place of; as a substitute for.
  2. in exchange for; in return for; to make up for.

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

わたしがぶちょうのかわりにしゅっちょうにいきます。
watashi ga buchou no kawari ni shucchou ni ikimasu.
I will go on a business trip on behalf of my manager.
Example #2

けさはこーひーのかわりにおちゃをのんだ。
kesa wa koohii no kawari ni ocha o nonda.
This morning, I drank tea instead of coffee.
Example #3

きのうざんぎょうしたかわりに、きょうはすこしはやくかえっていいといわれた。
kinou zangyou shita kawari ni, kyou wa sukoshi hayaku kaette ii to iwareta.
In exchange for working overtime yesterday, I was told I could leave a little earlier today.
Example #4

きょうはしごとへくるまでいくかわりにじてんしゃでいった。
kyou wa shigoto e iku kawari ni jitensha de itta.
Today, instead of going to work by car, I went by bicycle.
Example #5

おはしがないので、そのかわりにフォークをつかう。
ohashi ga nai no de, sono kawari ni fooku o tsukau.
Since I do not have any chopsticks, I will use a fork instead
Example #6

くるまできたので、ビールのかわりにコーラをください。
kuruma de kita no de, biiru no kawari ni koora o kudasai.
Since I came by car, I will have a cola instead of beer.
Example #7

しごとはまいにちとてもいそがしいかわりに、きゅうりょうがいい。
shigoto wa mainichi totemo isogashii kawari ni, kyuuryou ga ii.
My work is very busy every day, but in return the pay is good.
Example #8

さいきんは、メールのかわりにLINEでれんらくをとるひとがふえている。
saikin wa, meeru no kawari ni LINE de renraku o toru hito ga fueteiru.
Lately, the number of people using LINE instead of email for contacting others is increasing.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
部長ぶちょうmanager; head (chief, director) of a section or department
今朝けさthis morning
昨日きのうyesterday
お茶おちゃtea
お箸おはしchopsticks

View all JLPT N3 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N3 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N3 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N3 grammar list

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