JLPT N3 Grammar (chuu / juu)

Meaning

currently; during; at some point; throughout; before the end of~

How to use

Noun
ちゅう
じゅう
chuu 中 ちゅう jlpt n3 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: 【ちゅう】(chuu / juu). Meaning: currently; during; at some point; throughout; before the end of~.

Difference between ちゅう and じゅう

ちゅう (chuu) is for pointing out a particular time (currently; during, at some point):

  • 午前中 (gozen chuu) = at some point during the morning.
  • 会議中 (kaigi chuu) = currently in a meeting.

じゅう (juu) is used to cover a length of time or area in its entirety (through; throughout). It can also mean “before this period of time ends”.

  • 一年中 (ichinen juu) = all year round / before the end of the year.
  • 世界中 (sekai juu) = all around the world.

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

わたしはひとばんじゅうないていた。
watashi wa hitobanjuu naiteita.
I cried all night.
Example #2

ごぜんちゅうがいちばんちょうしがいいです。
gozen chuu ga ichiban choushi ga ii desu.
During the morning is the best.
Example #3

えいごはせかいじゅうではなされています。
eigo wa sekaijuu de hanasarete imasu.
English is spoken throughout the world.
Example #4

このじけんにかんしては、ただいまかくにんちゅうでございます。
kono jiken ni kanshite wa, tadaima kakuninchuu degozaimasu.
We are currently checking this case.
Example #5

わたしはひとばんじゅう、りょうしんのゆめをみていた。
watashi wa hitobanjuu, ryoushin no yume o mite ita.
I dreamed of my parents all through the night.
Example #6

じゅぎょうちゅうにけいたいでんわをつかってはいけません。
jugyouchuu ni keitai denwa o tsukattewa ikemasen.
No using cell phones during class.
Example #7

にゅういんちゅう、ともだちがかいてくれたじゅぎょうのノートをたよりにべんきょうした。
nyuuinchuu, tomodachi ga kaite kureta jugyou no no-to wo tayori ni benkyou shita.
During my hospital stay, I studied with my class notes written by my friends.
Example #8

かれらはことしじゅうにけっこんするといわれている。
karera wa kotoshijuu ni kekkon suru to iwarete iru.
It is said that they are going to get married by the end of the week.

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