JLPT N5 Grammar (ndesu)

Meaning

to explain something; show emphasis

How to use

Verb (casual)んです
んだ
い-adjective + い
な-adjective + な
Noun + な
(only with questions)
ndesu nda んです んだ jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (ndesu) & (nda). Meaning: to explain something; show emphasis.

(ndesu) has the same meaning as , but is different in that it feels a bit more personal since it is used to explain something, give reasoning, or to emphasize something.

It is exactly the same as , which is a bit more polite / formal.

For example, can you tell the difference between 1, 2 and 3?

  1. あつい (atsui desu)
  2. あつい (atsui ndesu)
  3. あつい (atsui nda)

1 is simply stating a fact. That it/something is hot.

2 is also stating a fact, but carries a bit more emphasis as the speaker may be answering/asking a question or explaining their feelings.

3 is the same as 2, but the more casual version.


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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

なにをのみたいんですか。
nani o nomitai ndesu ka.
What would you like to drink?
Example #2

おちゃをのみたいんです。
ocha o nomitai ndesu.
I'd like to drink some tea.
Example #3

ねむくないんですか。
nemuku nai ndesu ka.
Aren't you sleepy?
Example #4

きぶんがよくないんですよ。
kibun ga yokunai ndesu yo.
I'm not feeling well.
Example #5

いまからバイトにいくんだ。
ima kara baito ni iku nda.
I'm heading to my (part time) job now.
Example #6

あさによわいんだ。
asa ni yowai nda.
I'm not a morning person.
Example #7

いつかにほんにいくんだ!
itsuka nihon ni iku nda!
One day I will go to Japan!
Example #8

かいたいんですがおかねがないんだ。
kaitai ndesu ga okane ga nai nda.
I want to buy it, but I have no money.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
暑いあついhot
先生せんせいteacher
なにwhat
飲むのむto drink
眠いねむいsleepy
気分きぶんfeeling
良くないよくないnot good
今からいまからfrom now
あさmorning
弱いよわいweak
いつかone day
日本にほんJapan
買うかうto buy
お金おかねmoney

View all JLPT N5 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N5 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N5 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N5 grammar list

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