JLPT N5 Grammar (ndesu)


to explain something; show emphasis

How to use

Verb (casual)んです
い-adjective + い
な-adjective + な
Noun + な
(only with questions)
ndesu nda んです んだ jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (ndesu) & (nda). Meaning: to explain something; show emphasis.

(ndesu) has the same meaning as , but is different in that it feels a bit more personal since it is used to explain something, give reasoning, or to emphasize something.

It is exactly the same as , which is a bit more polite / formal.

For example, can you tell the difference between 1, 2 and 3?

  1. あつい (atsui desu)
  2. あつい (atsui ndesu)
  3. あつい (atsui nda)

1 is simply stating a fact. That it/something is hot.

2 is also stating a fact, but carries a bit more emphasis as the speaker may be answering/asking a question or explaining their feelings.

3 is the same as 2, but the more casual version.

ndesu nda んです んだ jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法例文 learn japanese flashcards

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

nani o nomitai ndesu ka.
What would you like to drink?
Example #2

ocha o nomitai ndesu.
I'd like to drink some tea.
Example #3

nemuku nai ndesu ka.
Aren't you sleepy?
Example #4

kibun ga yokunai ndesu yo.
I'm not feeling well.
Example #5

ima kara baito ni iku nda.
I'm heading to my (part time) job now.
Example #6

asa ni yowai nda.
I'm not a morning person.
Example #7

itsuka nihon ni iku nda!
One day I will go to Japan!
Example #8

kaitai ndesu ga okane ga nai nda.
I want to buy it, but I have no money.

Vocabulary List

飲むのむto drink
良くないよくないnot good
今からいまからfrom now
いつかone day
買うかうto buy

View all JLPT N5 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N5 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N5 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N5 grammar list

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