JLPT N1 Grammar (o hikaete)


to be soon; the time has come to; nearby; ahead of ~

How to use

Noun + を/がNoun + に控えて
o hikaete を控えて をひかえて jlpt n1 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: 【をひかえて】(o hikaete). Meaning: to be soon; the time has come to; nearby; ahead of ~; to be in preparation for; to be in waiting for ~.

Pattern 1) 「Noun + を控えて」

When a noun representing time is connected to the previous term and a noun representing time is connected to the latter term, it means that it is before that thing occurs. Similar to “before / ahead of (noun)”.

The timespan is not always clear and it could refer to tomorrow, next week, one month, or even one year later.

See examples 1 ~ 3.

Pattern 2)

  • 「Noun + を + Noun + に控えて 」
  • 「Noun + が + Noun + に控えて」

See examples 4 ~ 7.

o hikaete を控えて をひかえて jlpt n1 grammar meaning 文法 例文 learn japanese flashcards

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

watashi no kikoku o hikaete, yuujin tachi ga soubetsukai o aite kureta.
Before returning to my home country, my friends held a farewell party for me.
Example #2

shin tenpo no kaiten o hikae, tennai wa junbi de awatadashii.
With the opening of the new store ahead, the store is busy with preparations.
Example #3

watashi no jijo wa rainen no haru ni koukou juken o hikaete imasu.
My second daughter is preparing to take the high school exam next spring.
Example #4

imouto wa kekkon o asatte ni hikaete, fuan de nemurenai yousu da.
My sister seems to be anxious and unable to sleep as she is about to get married the day after tomorrow.
Example #5

shiai o tooka go ni hikaete senshu tachi wa renshuu ni yonen ga nai.
With only 10 days left until the competition, the players wholeheartedly focus on practice.
Example #6

sotsugyou o rainen ni hikaete iru gakusei ni, shingakusaki no ankeeto o jisshi shita.
We conducted a questionnaire on what schools students graduating next year will be going to.
Example #7

ikkagetsugo no kimatsu shiken ni hikaete, arubaito no jikan o herasu koto ni shita.
I decided to reduce my part-time job time ahead of the final exam one month later.

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