JLPT N3 Grammar (you to suru)

Meaning

try to; be about to

How to use

Verb (volitional form)
(意向形)
とする

Learn Japanese grammar: (you to suru). Meaning: try to; be about to.

This is used to express that one was just about to do something.

It must be used in combination with a verb’s volitional form.
See our lesson for .

JLPT grammar ようとする (you to suru)  - Learn Japanese
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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

おふろにはいろうとしたら、でんわがかかってきた。
ofuro ni hairou to shitara, denwa ga kakatte kita.
Just as I was about to take a bath, the phone rang.
Example #2

でんしゃにのろうとしたときにドアがしまってのれなかった。
densha ni norou toshita toki ni doa ga shimatte norenakatta.
As I was about to get on the train, the doors suddenly shut and I wasn't able to get on..
Example #3

わたしは5じはんにかえろうとしたら、じょうしによばれてしまいました。
watashi wa go ji han ni kaerou to shitara, joushi ni yobarete shimai mashita.
I was ready to head home at 5:30, but was suddenly called in by my boss.
Example #4

タクシーをおりようとしたとき、さいふがないことにきがついた。
takushii wo oriyou to shita toki, saifu ga nai koto ni ki ga tsuita.
Just as I was getting out of the taxi I noticed my wallet was missing.
Example #5

ゲームをしようとしたら、おやがかえってきて、けっきょくできなかった。
geemu wo shiyou to shitara, oya ga kaette kite, kekkyoku dekinakata.
Just as I was about to play a game, my parents arrived home and I wasn't able to play anymore.
Example #6

おばあさんがみちをわたろうとしていたから、てつだってあげた。
obaasan ga michi wo watarou to shiteita kara, tetsudatte ageta.
The old lady was just about to cross the street and so I helped her out.
Example #7

シャワーをあびようとしたが、みずがでなかった。
shawaa wo abiyou toshita ga, mizu ga denakatta.
I was about to take a shower, but no water would come out.

View all JLPT N3 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N3 grammar list

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