JLPT N2 Grammar (you ka~mai ka)


whether or not; considering options

How to use

V (volational) + かV + まいか
Special rules for 2nd verb
Ru-verb: dictionary form OR ます + まい
U-verb: dictionary form + まい
くる: こまい / くるまい
する: しまい / すまい / するまい
you ka~mai ka ようか~まいか jlpt n2 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (you ka~mai ka). Meaning: whether or not; considering options.

There are some special exceptions for how you should conjugate the second verb, so double check the “how to use” rules.

ikou ka, iku mai ka.

Should I go or should I not go?

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

ame da. kaimono o shi ni ikou ka, iku mai ka.
It's raining.. Should I go to buy groceries or not?
Example #2

hontou no koto o hanasou ka hanasu mai ka mayotta ga, kekkyoku zenbu hanashita.
I didn't know whether to say the truth or not, but in the end I told everything.
Example #3

kare to kekkon shiyou ka suru mai ka nayamu kurai nara, yameta hou ga ii to omou.
If you're not sure if you want to marry him or not, I think it's best you don't.
Example #4

sono shinbun kisha wa, kiji o keisai shiyou ka su mai ka nayanda ageku, keisai o yameta.
That newspaper reporter was deciding whether or not to to submit an article for publication, but ended up worrying too much and decided not to.
Example #5

ryuugaku shiyouka sumaika mayou koto jitai hatarakanakereba naranai mono kara mireba shiawasena koto da to omou.
I'm unsure if I should study abroad or not, but for people who are unable to go because of work, it is surely a wonderful dream experience.
Example #6

tabetai kedo, futoritakunai shi, tabeyou ka tabemai ka nayandeimasu.
I want to eat it, but I don't want to gain weight, so I'm worrying about whether to eat it or not.

Vocabulary List

悩むなやむto worry
掲載けいさいto publish
揚げ句あげくin the end
留学りゅうがくstudy abroad

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JLPT N2 vocabulary list

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