JLPT N3 Grammar (mo~ba~mo)

Meaning

and; also; as well; either/or; neither/nor

How to use

Noun-1 + もVerb(ば form)Noun-2 + も
Noun + なら
な-adj + なら
い-adj + ければ
mo~ba~mo も~ば~も jlpt n3 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (mo~ba~mo). Meaning: and; also; as well; either/or; neither/nor.

This is used to show both [A] and [B] exist together.

It can be used with either:

  • 2 positive points.
  • 2 negative points.
  • 1 positive and 1 negative point.

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

ほんをよむのがすきなひともいれば、きらいなひともいます。
hon o yomu no ga sukina hito mo ireba, kiraina hito mo imasu.
If there are people who like to read books, there will also be people who dislike it.
Example #2

がくせいのたいどもわるければきょうしのたいどもわるい。
gakusei no taido mo warukereba kyoushi no taido mo warui.
If the student's attitude is bad, then the teacher's attitude will also be bad.
Example #3

じんせいはたのしいこともあれば、くるしいこともある。
jinsei wa tanoshii koto mo areba, kurushii koto mo aru.
In life, there are both ups and downs.
Example #4

かれはにほんごもできればえいごもできる。
kare wa nihongo mo dekireba eigo mo dekiru.
He can speak both English and Japanese.
Example #5

あのメキシコりょうりやのたべものは、ねだんもやすければあじもいいです。
ano mekishiko ryouriya no tabemono wa, nedan mo yasu kereba aji mo ii desu.
That Mexican restaurant has cheap prices and also the food tastes good.
Example #6

わたしのかれしはタバコもすわなければ、おさけものまない。
watashi no kareshi wa tabako mo suwana kereba, osake mo nomanai.
My boyfriend neither smokes nor drinks.
Example #7

どこかへりょこうにいきたいけど、じかんもなければ、おかねもない。
doko ka e ryokou ni ikitai kedo, jikan mo nakereba, okane mo nai.
I want to go travelling somewhere, but I have neither time nor money.
Example #8

このバッグはねだんもてごろなら、デザインもかわいくてすぐかってしまった。
kono baggu wa nedan mo tegoro nara, dezain mo kawaikute sugu katte shimatta.
This bag has reasonable price and good design so I bought it right away.
Example #9

ちちはおさけものめばたばこもすうので、けんこうがしんぱいだ。
chichi wa osake mo nomeba tabako mo suu node, kenkou ga shinpai da.
My father not only drinks wine but also smokes. I’m really worried about his health.
Example #10

カレンダーはまっしろだった。かきこみもなければ、しるしもなかった。
karendaa wa masshiro datta. kakikomi mo nakereba, shirushi mo nakatta.
The calendar is completely blank. There were no memos or marks written next to any of the dates on the calendar.

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