JLPT N2 Grammar (mono da)

Meaning

describe feeling; express memories; state fact

How to use

Verb (dictionary form)ものだ
もんだ
ものじゃない
Verb (ない form)
な-adjective
い-adjective
mono da ものだ jlpt n2 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (mono da). Meaning: normally; in general; should~; must~.

When speaking, it is often shortened to もんだ (mon da).

Meaning 1 – normally; in general

This is used to express something considered to be common knowledge.

See examples 1~4.

Meaning 2 – should~; must~

This form can only be used with verbs.

To say “should not” or “must not”, change to ものじゃない (mono janai).

See examples 5~8.


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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

ひとはだれでもまちがいをするものだ。
hito wa dare demo machigai o suru mono da.
Everybody makes mistakes.
Example #2

ひとはみかけではわからないものだ。
hito wa mikake de wakaranai mono da.
People cannot be understood by just their outward appearance.
Example #3

ひとはだれでもしっぱいするものです。
hito wa dare demo shippai suru mono desu.
Everybody experiences failure.
Example #4

たくさんうんどうしたらつかれるものです。
takusan undou shitara tsukareru mono desu.
Working out a lot will naturally make one tired.
Example #5

こどもははやくねるもんだよ。
kodomo wa hayaku neru mon da yo.
Children must go to bed early.
Example #6

ひとのわるぐちはいうものじゃない。
hito no waruguchi wa iu mono janai.
One should not say bad things of others.
Example #7

おとしよりにはやさしくするものだ。
otoshi yori ni wa yasashiku suru mono da.
One should be kind to their elders.
Example #8

しらないひとをかんたんにしんじるもんじゃないよ。
shiranai hito o kantan ni shinjiru mon janai yo.
You shouldn't easily trust people you don't know.

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JLPT N2 grammar list