JLPT N5 Grammar (mou)


already; anymore; again; other

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mou もう jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (mou). Meaning: already; anymore; again; other.

(mou) can take on various different meanings:

  1. already
  2. anymore
  3. other; again; more
  4. express irritation

もう Meaning 1) already

Usually used with time or age.

mou ku ji da.

It’s already 9 o’clock.

もう Meaning 2) (not) anymore

Used with a negative sentence.

mou ikanai.

I’m not going to go anymore.

もう Meaning 3) other; again; more

This can be used for both positive and negative situations.

mou nidoto ikanai.

I’m never going to go again.

もう Meaning 4) express irritation

This form is usually at the beginning of a sentence to express the speaker’s irritation as they criticize something/someone. (mostly used by women)

mou takusan da.

I can’t take this anymore.

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

mou hiru gohan no jikan da. hayaku tabe mashou!
It's lunch time already, let's hurry up and eat.
Example #2

shukudai wa mou owatta?
Did you already finish your homework?
Example #3

biiru mou ippai kudasai!
One more beer please!
Example #4

nomimono wa zenbu nomimashita. mou arimasen.
We drank all of the drinks. There aren't any left.
Example #5

mou sukoshi matte kudasai.
Please wait a little while longer.
Example #6

koohii wa mou nomanai koto ni shimashita.
I've decided to not drink coffee anymore.
Example #7

mou kono atsusa ni wa, taerarenai.
I can't handle this heat anymore.
Example #8

mou gaman dekinai.
I can't take it anymore.
Example #9

mou juuji desu ga, kare wa mada neteimasu.
It's already 10 o'clock, but he's still sleeping.
Example #10

kanojo to kekkon shite kara, mou 5 nen ni narimasu.
It will already be 5 years since I married her.

Vocabulary List

行くいくto go; to move
一度いちどonce; one time; on one occasion
時間じかんtime; hour(s)
早いはやいfast; early
食べるたべるto eat
宿題しゅくだいhomework; assignment; pending issue
終わるおわるto finish; to end
飲み物のみものdrink; beverage
飲むのむto drink
少しすこしa little (bit); small quantity; few; short distance
待つまつto wait​
暑いあついhot; sultry
かれhe; him​; his
寝るねるto sleep; to go to bed; to lie down
彼女 かのじょshe; her​
2度とにどとnever again
我慢がまんpatience; self-control
一杯いっぱいone cup
耐えられないたえられないnot able to handle

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JLPT N5 vocabulary list

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