JLPT N5 Grammar (mou)

Meaning

already; anymore; again; other

How to use

See examples below
mou もう jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (mou). Meaning: already; anymore; again; other.

(mou) can take on various different meanings:

  1. already
  2. anymore
  3. other; again; more
  4. express irritation

もう Meaning 1) already

Usually used with time or age.

mou ku ji da.

It’s already 9 o’clock.


もう Meaning 2) (not) anymore

Used with a negative sentence.

mou ikanai.

I’m not going to go anymore.


もう Meaning 3) other; again; more

This can be used for both positive and negative situations.

mou nidoto ikanai.

I’m never going to go again.


もう Meaning 4) express irritation

This form is usually at the beginning of a sentence to express the speaker’s irritation as they criticize something/someone. (mostly used by women)

mou takusan da.

I can’t take this anymore.


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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

もうひるごはんのじかんだ。はやくたべましょう!
mou hiru gohan no jikan da. hayaku tabe mashou!
It's lunch time already, let's hurry up and eat.
Example #2

しゅくだいはもうおわった?
shukudai wa mou owatta?
Did you already finish your homework?
Example #3

ビールもういっぱいください!
biiru mou ippai kudasai!
One more beer please!
Example #4

のみものはぜんぶのみました。もうありません。
nomimono wa zenbu nomimashita. mou arimasen.
We drank all of the drinks. There aren't any left.
Example #5

もうすこしまってください。
mou sukoshi matte kudasai.
Please wait a little while longer.
Example #6

コーヒーはもうのまないことにしました。
koohii wa mou nomanai koto ni shimashita.
I've decided to not drink coffee anymore.
Example #7

もうこのあつかには、たえられない。
mou kono atsusa ni wa, taerarenai.
I can't handle this heat anymore.
Example #8

もうがまんできない。
mou gaman dekinai.
I can't take it anymore.
Example #9

もう10じですが、かれはまだねています。
mou juuji desu ga, kare wa mada neteimasu.
It's already 10 o'clock, but he's still sleeping.
Example #10

かのじょとけっこんしてから、もう5ねんになります。
kanojo to kekkon shite kara, mou 5 nen ni narimasu.
It will already be 5 years since I married her.

Vocabulary List

Kanji Kana English
行かない いかない will not go
2度と にどと never again
沢山 たくさん a lot
我慢 がまん patience; self-control
飲み物 のみもの drinks
全部 ぜんぶ everything
飲む のむ to drink
昼ご飯 ひるごはん lunch time
早く はやく early; quickly
食べる たべる to eat
少し すこし a little
待つ まつ to wait
一杯 いっぱい one cup
彼女 かのじょ her; she
結婚 けっこん marriage
暑さ あつさ hotness
耐えられない たえられない not able to handle

View all JLPT N5 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N5 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N5 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N5 grammar list

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