JLPT N3 Grammar (beki dewa nai)

Meaning

should not do; must not do

How to use

Verb (standard form)べきではない
べきではありません
Special verb
する -> す
な-adjective + である
い-adjective + くある

Learn Japanese grammar: (beki dewa nai) / (beki dewa arimasen). Meaning: should not do; must not do.

Grammar Notes:

This grammar is used to say this is something we should not do / may not do.

  • You can use the regular form or more formal form:
    • (beki dewa nai) regular
      • See examples 1~4
    • (beki dewa arimasen) more formal
      • See examples 5~8

To say the opposite, “you should”

JLPT grammar べきではない (beki dewa nai)  - Learn Japanese
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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

しない方がいい。
sonna koto wo subeki dewa nai.
You shouldn't do such a thing.
Example #2

食べない方がいい
neru mae ni aisu wo taberu beki dewa nai.
You shouldn't eat ice cream before going to bed.
Example #3

しない方がいい。
hito no meiwaku ni naru koto wo subeki de ha arimasen.
You should should not become bothersome or cause trouble to others.
Example #4

ひとをみためではんだんするべきではない
hito wo mitame de handan subeki dewa nai.
You shouldn't judge people by just their appearance.
Example #5

忘れない方がいい
kako wo wasureru beki dewa arimasen.
You shouldn't forget about your past.
Example #6

わたしたちはおそくねるべきではありません。
watashitachi wa osoku neru beki dewa arimasen.
We shouldn't go to bed late.
Example #7

やくそくをやぶるべきではありません。
yakusoku wo yaburu beki dewa arimasen.
You shouldn't break your promises.
Example #8

きぼうをすてるべきではありません。
kibou wo suteru beki dewa arimasen.
You shouldn't give up your hope.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
寝るねるto sleep
アイスあいすice cream
食べるたべるto eat
迷惑めいわくtrouble; bother
見た目みためappearance
判断はんだんjudge
過去かこpast
忘れるわすれるto forget
私達わたしたちwe
遅いおそいlate
寝るねるto sleep
約束を破るやくそくをやぶるto break a promise
希望きぼうhope
捨てるすてるto throw away

View all JLPT N3 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N3 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N3 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N3 grammar list

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