JLPT N3 Grammar (beki da)

How to use

Verb (standard form)べき(だ)
Special verb
する OR す
な-adjective + である
い-adjective + くある
beki da べきだ jlpt n3 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (beki da). Meaning: should do; must do ~.

This is used to express something we should do or must do.

  • 知る (shiru beki) = I should know

You can also use it in the past tense with だった (datta) / でした (deshita)

  • 知る (shiru beki datta) = I should have known

To say the opposite, “you must not do”, use:

beki da べきだ jlpt n3 grammar meaning 文法 例文 learn japanese flashcards

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

watashi wa sore ni tsuite motto shiru beki da.
I should know more about that.
Example #2

yakusoku wa mamoru beki da.
You should keep your promises.
Example #3

hayaku kitaku subeki da.
You should go home early.
Example #4

shinjitsu o iu beki da.
You should tell the truth.
Example #5

omocha wa, mazu anzen de aru beki desu.
Safety comes first for toys.
Example #6

saisho ni watashi ni denwa suru beki datta.
You really should have called me first.
Example #7

nani o subeki ka, mou kanojo no kokoro wa kimatteita.
She had already decided in her heart what she should do.
Example #8

shougakusei no sensei wa, kodomo ga suki de aru bekida to omoimasu.
I believe that elementary school teachers should love children.

Vocabulary List

知るしるto know
帰宅きたくgo home
守るまもるTo protect, keep a promise
決まるきまるto decide

View all JLPT N3 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N3 vocabulary list

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