JLPT N3 Grammar (beki da)

How to use

Verb (standard form)べき(だ)
Special verb
する OR す
な-adjective + である
い-adjective + くある
beki da べきだ jlpt n3 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (beki da). Meaning: should do; must do~.

This is used to express something we should do or must do.

  • 知る (shiru beki) = I should know

You can also use it in the past tense with だった (datta) / でした (deshita)

  • 知る (shiru beki datta) = I should have known

To say the opposite, “you must not do”, use:


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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

わたしはそれについてもっとしるべきだ。
watashi wa sore ni tsuite motto shiru beki da.
I should know more about that.
Example #2

やくそくはまもるべきだ。
yakusoku wa mamoru beki da.
You should keep your promises.
Example #3

はやくきたくすべきだ。
hayaku kitaku subeki da.
You should go home early.
Example #4

しんじつをいうべきだ。
shinjitsu o iu beki da.
You should tell the truth.
Example #5

おもちゃは、まずあんぜんであるべきです。
omocha wa, mazu anzen de aru beki desu.
Safety comes first for toys.
Example #6

さいしょにわたしにでんわするべきだった。
saisho ni watashi ni denwa suru beki datta.
You really should have called me first.
Example #7

なにをすべきか、もうかのじょのこころはきまっていた。
nani o subeki ka, mou kanojo no kokoro wa kimatteita.
She had already decided in her heart what she should do.
Example #8

しょうがくせいのせんせいは、こどもがすきであるべきだとおもいます。
shougakusei no sensei wa, kodomo ga suki de aru bekida to omoimasu.
I believe that elementary school teachers should love children.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
知るしるto know
早くはやくearly
帰宅きたくgo home
真実しんじつtruth
約束やくそくPromise
守るまもるTo protect, keep a promise
玩具おもちゃToy
先ずまずfirst
安全あんぜんSafety
彼女かのじょくshe
決まるきまるto decide

View all JLPT N3 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N3 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N3 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N3 grammar list

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