JLPT N5 Grammar (no desu)


to explain something; show emphasis

How to use

Verb (casual)のです
い-adjective + い
な-adjective + な
Noun + な
(only with questions)
no desu のです jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (no desu) & (noda). Meaning: to explain something; show emphasis.

(no desu) has the same meaning as , but is different in that it feels a bit more personal since it is used to explain something, give reasoning, or to emphasize something.

It is exactly the same as , which is a bit more casual.

For example, can you tell the difference between 1, 2 and 3?

  1. あつい (atsui desu)
  2. あつい (atsui no desu)
  3. あつい (atsui noda)

1 is simply stating a fact. That it/something is hot.

2 is also stating a fact, but carries a bit more emphasis as the speaker may be answering/asking a question or explaining their feelings.

3 is the same as 2, but the more casual version.

NOTE: This grammar is only used with Nouns when asking questions.


kuruuzu wa ii sensei nano desu ka?

Is Cruise a good teacher?

no desu のです jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法例文 learn japanese flashcards

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

doko e ikitai no desu ka.
Where would you like to go?
Example #2

dou chigau no da.
What's the difference?
Example #3

nani o iitai no desu ka.
What exactly do you want to say?
Example #4

anata wa yasashii no desu ne.
You're a pretty nice person.
Example #5

hiru gohan o tabenakatta no desu ne.
You didn't eat lunch, right?
Example #6

kyou wa gakkou ni iku no desu ne.
You're going to school today, right?
Example #7

anata ga warui no da.
You're the one to blame..
Example #8

taberu tame ni ikiru no dewa nai. ikiru tame ni taberu no da.
Eat to live, not live to eat.

Vocabulary List

言ういうto say
行くいくto go
優しいやさしいnice; kind
食べるたべるto eat
ためにfor the purpose of
生きるいきるto live

View all JLPT N5 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N5 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N5 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N5 grammar list

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