JLPT N5 Grammar (no desu)

Meaning

to explain something; show emphasis

How to use

Verb (casual)のです
のだ
い-adjective + い
な-adjective + な
Noun + な
(only with questions)
no desu のです jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (no desu) & (noda). Meaning: to explain something; show emphasis.

(no desu) has the same meaning as , but is different in that it feels a bit more personal since it is used to explain something, give reasoning, or to emphasize something.

It is exactly the same as , which is a bit more casual.

For example, can you tell the difference between 1, 2 and 3?

  1. あつい (atsui desu)
  2. あつい (atsui no desu)
  3. あつい (atsui noda)

1 is simply stating a fact. That it/something is hot.

2 is also stating a fact, but carries a bit more emphasis as the speaker may be answering/asking a question or explaining their feelings.

3 is the same as 2, but the more casual version.

NOTE: This grammar is only used with Nouns when asking questions.

クルーズはいい先生なのですか?

kuruuzu wa ii sensei nano desu ka?

Is Cruise a good teacher?


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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

どこへいきたいのですか。
doko e ikitai no desu ka.
Where would you like to go?
Example #2

どうちがうのだ。
dou chigau no da.
What's the difference?
Example #3

なにをいいたいのですか。
nani o iitai no desu ka.
What exactly do you want to say?
Example #4

あなたはやさしいのですね。
anata wa yasashii no desu ne.
You're a pretty nice person.
Example #5

ひるごはんをたべなかったのですね。
hiru gohan o tabenakatta no desu ne.
You didn't eat lunch, right?
Example #6

きょうはがっこうにいくのですね。
kyou wa gakkou ni iku no desu ne.
You're going to school today, right?
Example #7

あなたがわるいのだ。
anata ga warui no da.
You're the one to blame..
Example #8

たべるたみにいきるのではない。いきるためにたべるのだ。
taberu tame ni ikiru no dewa nai. ikiru tame ni taberu no da.
Eat to live, not live to eat.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
暑いあついhot
先生せんせいteacher
なにwhat
言ういうto say
行くいくto go
優しいやさしいnice; kind
昼ご飯ひるごはんlunch
食べるたべるto eat
今日きょうtoday
学校がっこうschool
違うちがうdifferent
悪いわるいbad
ためにfor the purpose of
生きるいきるto live

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JLPT N5 vocabulary list

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