JLPT N5 Grammar (nakucha)

Meaning

must do; need to; gotta do

How to use

Verb (ない form) なくちゃ
くちゃダメ
くちゃいけない
くちゃいけません
くちゃならない
くちゃなりません
nakucha なくちゃ jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (nakucha) / (nakucha dame). Meaning: must do; need to; gotta do.

This grammar is the casual spoken way to say that one must do something.

Use the verb’s ない form, but then remove the い

  • 食べない -> 食べ
  • “tabenai” -> “tabe nakucha” = MUST EAT!

Multiple Ways To Use

You can also add だめ or いけない or ならない after the end to sound more serious.

  • なくちゃダメ (nakucha dame)
    • 食べない -> 食べ
    • “tabenai” -> “tabe nakucha dame” = MUST EAT!

  • なくちゃいけない (nakucha ikenai)
    • 食べない -> 食べ
    • “tabenai” -> “tabe nakucha ikenai” = MUST EAT!

  • なくちゃならない (nakucha naranai)
    • 食べない -> 食べ
    • “tabenai” -> “tabe nakucha naranai” = MUST EAT!

Similar Grammar


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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

いかなくちゃ。
ika nakucha.
I gotta go.
Example #2

もうねなくちゃ。
mou ne nakucha.
I have to go to bed already.
Example #3

あたらしいくるまをかわなくちゃね。
atarashii kuruma o kawa nakucha ne.
You need to buy a new car..
Example #4

よくかんがえなくちゃだめだよ。
yoku kangae nakucha dame dayo.
You need to think carefully about this.
Example #5

きみでなくちゃだめなんだ。
kimi de nakucha dame nanda.
It has to be you!
Example #6

かれはかえさなくちゃいけないしゃっきんがある。
kare wa kaesa nakucha ikenai shakkin ga aru.
He has loans that need to be paid back.
Example #7

なんでぼくがやらなくちゃいけないの。
nande boku ga yara nakucha ikenai no.
Why do I have to do this?
Example #8

すぐにけいさつにれんらくしなくちゃいけません。
sugu ni keisatsu ni renraku shi nakucha ikemasen.
We have to contact the police right away!
Example #9

せいわしなくちゃならないこどもがいる。
sewa shi nakucha naranai kodomo ga iru.
I've got kids I need to take care of.
Example #10

ごめんなさい。はやくかえらなくちゃなりません。
gomennasai. hayaku kaera nakucha narimasen.
I'm sorry, I have to head home right away.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
食べるたべるto eat
行くいくto go
もうalready
寝るねるto sleep
新しいあたらしいnew
くるまcar
買うかうto buy
考えるかんがえるto think
きみyou
かれhe
返すかえすto give back
借金しゃっきんloan
ぼくI (male)
やるto do
すぐにright away
警察けいさつpolice
連絡れんらくto contact
世話せわto take care of
子供こどもchild; children
早くはやくhurry
帰るかえるto go home; head back

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JLPT N5 vocabulary list

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