JLPT N5 Grammar (nakucha)


must do; need to; gotta do ~

How to use

Verb (ない form) なくちゃ
nakucha なくちゃ jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (nakucha) / (nakucha dame). Meaning: must do; need to; gotta do ~.

This grammar is the casual spoken way to say that one must do something.

Use the verb’s ない form, but then remove the い

  • 食べない -> 食べ
  • “tabenai” -> “tabe nakucha” = MUST EAT!

Multiple Ways To Use

You can also add だめ or いけない or ならない after the end to sound more serious.

  • なくちゃダメ (nakucha dame)
    • 食べない -> 食べ
    • “tabenai” -> “tabe nakucha dame” = MUST EAT!

  • なくちゃいけない (nakucha ikenai)
    • 食べない -> 食べ
    • “tabenai” -> “tabe nakucha ikenai” = MUST EAT!

  • なくちゃならない (nakucha naranai)
    • 食べない -> 食べ
    • “tabenai” -> “tabe nakucha naranai” = MUST EAT!

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

ika nakucha.
I gotta go.
Example #2

mou ne nakucha.
I have to go to bed already.
Example #3

atarashii kuruma o kawa nakucha ne.
You need to buy a new car..
Example #4

yoku kangae nakucha dame dayo.
You need to think carefully about this.
Example #5

kimi de nakucha dame nanda.
It has to be you!
Example #6

kare wa kaesa nakucha ikenai shakkin ga aru.
He has loans that need to be paid back.
Example #7

nande boku ga yara nakucha ikenai no.
Why do I have to do this?
Example #8

sugu ni keisatsu ni renraku shi nakucha ikemasen.
We have to contact the police right away!
Example #9

seiwa shi nakucha naranai kodomo ga iru.
I have kids I need to take care of.
Example #10

gomennasai. hayaku kaera nakucha narimasen.
I'm sorry, I have to head home right away.

Vocabulary List

食べるたべるto eat
行くいくto go; to move
寝るねるto sleep; to go to bed; to lie down
新しいあたらしいnew; novel; fresh; recent; latest
くるまcar; automobile; vehicle
買うかうto buy; to purchase
よくoften, well
考える かんがえるto think
駄目 だめno good; cannot
かれhe; him​; his
返すかえすto return something
ぼくI (used by males)
直ぐにすぐにimmediately; right away; instantly​
連絡れんらくto contact; to get in touch​
早いはやいfast; early
世話せわto take care of

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