JLPT N5 Grammar (nakucha)


must do; need to; gotta do

How to use

Verb (ない form) なくちゃ
nakucha なくちゃ jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (nakucha) / (nakucha dame). Meaning: must do; need to; gotta do.

This grammar is the casual spoken way to say that one must do something.

Use the verb’s ない form, but then remove the い

  • 食べない -> 食べ
  • “tabenai” -> “tabe nakucha” = MUST EAT!

Multiple Ways To Use

You can also add だめ or いけない or ならない after the end to sound more serious.

  • なくちゃダメ (nakucha dame)
    • 食べない -> 食べ
    • “tabenai” -> “tabe nakucha dame” = MUST EAT!

  • なくちゃいけない (nakucha ikenai)
    • 食べない -> 食べ
    • “tabenai” -> “tabe nakucha ikenai” = MUST EAT!

  • なくちゃならない (nakucha naranai)
    • 食べない -> 食べ
    • “tabenai” -> “tabe nakucha naranai” = MUST EAT!

Similar Grammar

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

ika nakucha.
I gotta go.
Example #2

mou ne nakucha.
I have to go to bed already.
Example #3

atarashii kuruma o kawa nakucha ne.
You need to buy a new car..
Example #4

yoku kangae nakucha dame dayo.
You need to think carefully about this.
Example #5

kimi de nakucha dame nanda.
It has to be you!
Example #6

kare wa kaesa nakucha ikenai shakkin ga aru.
He has loans that need to be paid back.
Example #7

nande boku ga yara nakucha ikenai no.
Why do I have to do this?
Example #8

sugu ni keisatsu ni renraku shi nakucha ikemasen.
We have to contact the police right away!
Example #9

sewa shi nakucha naranai kodomo ga iru.
I've got kids I need to take care of.
Example #10

gomennasai. hayaku kaera nakucha narimasen.
I'm sorry, I have to head home right away.

Vocabulary List

食べるたべるto eat
行くいくto go
寝るねるto sleep
買うかうto buy
考えるかんがえるto think
返すかえすto give back
ぼくI (male)
やるto do
すぐにright away
連絡れんらくto contact
世話せわto take care of
子供こどもchild; children
帰るかえるto go home; head back

View all JLPT N5 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N5 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N5 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N5 grammar list

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