JLPT N2 Grammar (toka (de))

How to use

Verb (casual form)とか(で)
Noun + だ
な-adjective + だ
toka de とかで jlpt n2 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (toka de). Meaning: I heard that ~.

This is used to express some information that you heard. It is not factual, but rumor based.

The で at the end is optional, and can be used with or without it.

Be careful to not confuse with , which is used to list items or give examples.

toka de とかで jlpt n2 grammar meaning 文法 例文 learn japanese flashcards

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

amerika de sodatta toka de.
I heard they were raised in America.
Example #2

kondo no shiken wa kanari muzukashii toka de.
I heard the next test is going to be really hard.
Example #3

jiko ga atta toka de, ima, densha ga tomatteimasu.
I heard there was an accident and so the train is stopped now.
Example #4

yasuda san wa isogashii toka de konya no nomikai ni korenai sou.
I heard Mr. Yasuda is quite busy and I don't think she'll be able to make it to drinks tonight.
Example #5

konya no hanabi taikai wa, ame de chuushi da toka.
I heard that tonight's fireworks were cancelled due to rain.
Example #6

sakki kiitandakedo, tanaka san wa rainen, kaisha o yameru toka. Hontouni yamerundarou.
I just heard that Mr. Tanaka will be quitting next year. I wonder if he really is quitting..
Example #7

yamada san wa netsu ga aru toka de, kyou wa yasumu sou desu.
I heard that Mr. Yamada has a fever, so it looks like he'll be taking off work today.

Vocabulary List

育つそだつto raise; grow up
今度のこんどのnext; this time's
試験しけんexam; test
山田やまだYamada (name)
休むやすむto take a break; take off work
花火大会はなびたいかいfireworks festival
聞くきくto ask; hear
田中たなかTanaka (name)
来年らいねんnext year
会社を辞めるかいしゃをやめるto quit work
安田やすだYasuda (name)
飲み会のみかいdrinking party (usually after work)
来るくるto come

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