JLPT N1 Grammar (to iu ka~to iu ka)


or rather; or perhaps I should say; I mean ~

How to use

Verb (casual)というかVerb (casual)というか
to iu ka~to iu ka というか~というか jlpt n1 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (to iu ka~to iu ka). Meaning: or rather; or perhaps I should say; I mean ~.

This does not need to be used two times and can be used only once.

Kanji version 「と言うか」

to iu ka~to iu ka というか~というか jlpt n1 grammar meaning 文法 例文 learn japanese flashcards

Click the image to download the flashcard.

become a patron

Access ALL extra downloads, ebooks, and study guides by supporting JLPT Sensei on Patreon.

- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

kion ga hiku sugite, samui to iu ka itai.
The temperature is too low. It's more painful than cold.
Example #2

anko ga suki to iu ka, nai to ikite ikenai.
I really like "anko" (sweet red bean paste), or rather I should say I can't live without it.
Example #3

sore wa, omoshiroi to iu ka, mezurashii to iu ka, tonikaku kawatta mono da.
That's interesting, or rather it's rare. In any case, it's strange.
Example #4

tabun ikanai to omou. to iu ka, okane ga nai kara, ikenai.
I don't think I will go. Or rather I should say I don't have any money and so I can't go.
Example #5

watashi wa goukaku shita ga, shinyuu wa fugoukaku datta. ureshii to iu ka, zannen to iu ka, fukusatsu na kimochi da.
I passed the exam, but my best friend did not. I'm happy, or perhaps I should say I'm sad. It's a complicated feeling.
Example #6

anna tokoro ni hitori de iku nante, mucha to iu ka, muchi to iu ka, kanojo no suru koto wa rikai dekimasen.
To go somewhere like that alone, she is either crazy or ignorant. I can't understand her actions.
Example #7

takusan oiwai o shite itadaki, ureshii to iu ka kansha to iu ka, kotoba ni narimasen.
I don't have the words to express my happiness or gratitude for your many congratulations.

Vocabulary List

合格ごうかくto pass (exam)
親友しんゆうbest friend
嬉しいうれしいto be happy
無知むちignorance; stupidity
理解りかいto understand

View all JLPT N1 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N1 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N1 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N1 Study Guide

N1 Grammar Flashcards

Full Batch Download

Download link includes:

  • Print-ready PDF of square flashcards with cut-out guides (see preview)
  • Full set of high quality .png image flashcards
    • JLPT N1 Grammar 文法 square size (253 images)
    • JLPT N1 Grammar 文法 rectangle size (253 images)