JLPT N2 Grammar (tewa / dewa)


whenever; if; when~; repetitive action

How to use

Verb (て form)
Noun + で
な-adjective + で
い-adjective + くて
tewa dewa ては では jlpt n2 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (tewa / dewa). Meaning: whenever; if; when~; repetitive action.

Meaning 1 – if; because + bad result

This meaning is similar to the grammar , but may only be used to express a negative meaning.

See examples 1~6.

Meaning 2 – whenever [A] happens, [B]..

This expresses a repeated or habitual situation. Whenever something happens, something else happens.

This meaning may only be used with verbs in て form.

See examples 7~10.

Meaning 3 – multiple repetitive actions

This can be used to express two or more actions that are being repeated.

See separate lesson for .

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

konna ni ame ga futte wa, kaimono ga dekinai na.
I can't go shopping if it keeps raining like this.
Example #2

kare no seiseki ga konnani waru kute, sotsugyou mo dekinai darou.
When his grades are this bad, he may not be able to graduate.
Example #3

kare ga aite de wa kateru wake ga nai.
If he is my opponent, there is no way I can win.
Example #4

kimi no resutoran no ryouri ga mazuku tewa dare mo kimasen yo.
If your restaurant's food is not good, no one will come.
Example #5

kono shigoto, kare ni makasete wa ikaga deshou ka?
How about leaving this work to him?
Example #6

shizuka ni!ookina koe de hanashi tewa sakana ga nigete shimau.
Be quiet! If you talk in a loud voice, all of the fish will go away.
Example #7

kanojo wa nihon ni kite wa, omiyage de suutsukeesu o ippai ni shite kuni ni kaeru.
Whenever she comes to Japan, she always goes back home with a suitcase full of souvenirs.
Example #8

kanojo wa naku shita kodomo no shashin o mite wa naita.
She cried whenever she looked at a picture of her lost child.
Example #9

musume wa nikibi ni nayandeite, kagami o mitewa tameiki o tsuiteiru.
My daughter is really worried about her pimples and sighing every time she looks at a mirror.
Example #10

jugyou o sabottewa sensei ni shikararetari shita ano koro no koto ga natsukashiku omowareru.
I have fond memories of when I used to skip class and get scolded by my teacher.

Vocabulary List

ころtime period
あねolder sister
叱られるしかられるto get scolded
雨が降るあめがふるto rain
肝心かんじんessential; vital
本人ほんにんthe main/actual person
サボるさぼるto skip
成績せいせきperformance; grades
進級しんきゅうadvancement (school; military)

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JLPT N2 vocabulary list

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