JLPT N1 Grammar (tsu~tsu)

Meaning

and ~ (indicates two contrasting actions)

How to use

Verb (stem) ますVerb (stem) ます
tsu~tsu つ~つ jlpt n1 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (tsu~tsu). Meaning: and ~ (indicates two contrasting actions happening continuously / repetitively).

Two different verb sets can be used:

  1. Opposite verbs 「行きつ~戻りつ」(iki tsu ~ modori tsu) coming and going
  2. Active & passive verbs 「押しつ~押されつ」(oshi tsu ~ osare tsu) pushing and being pushed

Similar in meaning to

tsu~tsu つ~つ jlpt n1 grammar meaning 文法 例文 learn japanese flashcards

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

たくさんのかめがいけのなかをうきつしずみつしている。
takusan no kame ga ike no naka o uki tsu shizumi tsu shite iru.
Many turtles are floating and sinking in the pond.
Example #2

どうしてもほしいゲームがあって、みせのまえをいきつもどりつした。
doushitemo hoshii geemu ga atte, mise no mae o iki tsu modori tsu shita.
There was a game I really wanted, and I went back and forth in front of the store.
Example #3

きょうのレースでは、ふたりのせんしゅがさいごまでぬきつぬかれついちばんあらそいをしていた。
kyou no reesu de wa, futari no senshu ga saigo made nuki tsu nukare tsu ichiban arasoi o shiteita.
In today's race, the top two athletes kept changing positions fighting for the top spot.
Example #4

あのストーカーはカメラをもって、にんきのアイドルのいえのまえをいきつもどりつした。
ano sutookaa wa kamera o motte, ninki no aidoru no ie no mae o iki tsu modori tsu shita.
That stalker was walking back and forth holding his camera in front of a famous idol's house.
Example #5

まいにちおしつおされつのまんいんでんしゃにのってかいしゃにかようのは、しょうじきしんどい。
mainichi oshi tsu osare tsu no man'in densha ni notte kaisha ni kayou no wa, shoujiki shindoi.
To be honest, it's hard to go to the office on a crowded train being pushed back and forth every day.
Example #6

わたしとかれはもちつもたれつのかんけいで、こどものころからおたがいたすけあってきました。
watashi to kare wa mochi tsu motare tsu no kankei de, kodomo no koro kara otagai tasukeatte kimashita.
He and I have been carrying each other and have helped each other since childhood.
Example #7

そのえいがは、けいかんとはんにんがおいつおわれつのてんかいでハラハラするものだったよ。
sono eiga wa, keikan to hannin ga oi tsu oware tsu no tenkai de harahara suru mono datta yo.
In that movie, the cop and the criminal play cat and mouse, leading to a pretty thrilling development.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
警官けいかんpolice officer
犯人はんにんcriminal
追いつ追われつおいつおわれつcat and mouse
展開てんかいdevelopment
ハラハラはらはらto feel thrilled; anxious
抜きつ抜かれつぬくつぬかれつneck and neck; back and forth
争いあらそいbattle
行きつ戻りついきつもどりつback and forth

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