JLPT N3 Grammar (tsumari)

Meaning

in other words; in summary; in short~

How to use

Clauseつまりalternative explanation
tsumari つまり jlpt n3 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (tsumari). Meaning: in other words; in summary; in short; that is to say~.

It is used when giving an explanation to make something easier to understand.


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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

かれはじゅうい、つまり、どうぶつのいしゃです。
kare wa juui, tsumari, doubutsu no isha desu.
He’s a veterinarian. In other words, he’s an animal doctor.
Example #2

かのじょはあねのむすめだ。つまり、わたしにとってはめいです。
kanojo wa ane no musume da. tsumari, watashi ni totte wa mei desu.
She is my sister's daughter. In other words, my niece.
Example #3

ははのあに、つまりぼくのおじは、だいがくのせんせいです。
haha no ani, tsumari boku no oji wa, daigaku no sensei desu.
My mother's older brother, in other words, my uncle, is a college professor.
Example #4

かのじょはそのひのせんじつ、つまり5がついつかにかれにあった。
kanojo wa sono hi no senjitsu, tumari 5 gatsu ituka ni kare ni atta.
She met him the day before, that is to say May fifth.
Example #5

かれはきょうからいっしゅうかんご、つまり12がつとおかにかえってくる。
kare wa kyou kara isshuukan go, tsumari 12 gatsu tooka ni kaette kuru.
He will be back a week from today, that is, on December 10.
Example #6

つまり、うちのがっこうのせいとだということ?
tsumari, uchi no gakkou no seito da to iu koto?
You mean you’re a student at my school?
Example #7

そぼはみみがとおい、つまり、みみがすこしふじゆうなのだ。
sobo wa mimi ga tooi, tsumari, mimi ga sukoshi fujiyuu na no da.
My grandmother is hard of hearing. In other words she is slightly deaf.
Example #8

ビルさんは、けいたいもパソコンももっていません。つまり、メールでれんらくはできません。
biru san wa, keitai mo pasokon mo motteimasen. tsumari meeru de renraku wa dekimasen.
Bill does not have a cell phone or computer. In other words, we cannot contact him by email.
Example #9

はははてんもんがく、つまりほしにかんするかがくをけんきゅうしています。
haha wa tenmongaku, tsumari hoshi ni kan suru kagaku o kenkyuu shiteimasu.
My mother studies astronomy, or the science of stars.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
携帯けいたいmobile (phone)
連絡れんらくcontact
ぼくI
伯父おじuncle

View all JLPT N3 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N3 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N3 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N3 grammar list

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